The Surratt House in May 2006
Location of Clinton, Maryland
|Country||United States of America|
|• Total||25.1 sq mi (64.9 km2)|
|• Land||25.0 sq mi (64.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||249 ft (76 m)|
|• Density||1,400/sq mi (550/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0597253|
Clinton is an unincorporated area and census-designated place (CDP) in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States. Clinton was formerly known as Surrattsville until after the time of the American Civil War. The population of Clinton was 35,970 at the 2010 census. Clinton is historically known for its role in the American Civil War concerning the Abraham Lincoln assassination. Clinton is adjacent to Camp Springs, Rosaryville, Melwood, and Andrews Air Force Base.
Clinton is located at . According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 25.1 square miles (64.9 km2), of which 25.0 square miles (64.7 km2) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.31%, is water.(38.763711, -76.895458)
As of the census of 2000, there were 26,064 people, 8,605 households, and 6,772 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 2,208.6 people per square mile (852.8/km²). There were 8,962 housing units at an average density of 759.4 per square mile (293.2/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 20.56% White, 73.69% Black, 0.47% Native American, 2.47% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.72% from other races, and 2.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.90% of the population.
There were 8,605 households out of which 38.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.8% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.3% were non-families. 17.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.32.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, and 9.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.8 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $71,139, and the median income for a family was $75,036 (these figures had risen to $90,285 and $97,640 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $41,736 versus $39,545 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $24,949. About 2.4% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.5% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.
Clinton was founded in the 1770s. The town, then named Surratt's Villa, was actually a simple crossroads with a few buildings. In the 1800s, it became known as Surrattsville. The main building served as the post office, an inn and tavern, and a polling place. This main residence was one of two properties owned by the widowed Mary Surratt; the second property was in Washington, D.C.
On 14 and 15 April 1865, John Wilkes Booth, who had two hours earlier assassinated President Abraham Lincoln, stopped by the Surrattsville tavern to pick up weapons and supplies. The U.S. government alleged that Mrs. Surratt had gone there earlier with these supplies, and was in collusion with the conspirators, one of whom was her son, John Surratt. Because she was found guilty of complicity in the Lincoln assassination, Mary Surratt was hanged at the Capitol Prison in Washington D.C., on 7 July 1865. (Her house is now the Surratt House Museum, with a focus on the assassination.) The U.S. Post Office renamed the town Robeysville, due to the notoriety of the Surratt name, and in keeping with naming towns after the post master.
In 1879, Robeysville was renamed Clinton. The local high school, however, retains the name of Surrattsville, and some locals continue, in common usage, to call the town "Surattsville".
Also a part of Clinton's history is the Wyoming house, a historic frame house that consists of three separate and distinct sections: the main block built in the third quarter of the 18th century, a c.1800 kitchen, and a connecting two-bay section of c.1850. The house is a well preserved example of Maryland's gambrel-roofed colonial architecture, and is more specifically noteworthy as an excellent example of southern Maryland tidewater architecture. It was also the ancestral home of the Marburys, a family which produced many of Maryland's political, professional, and judicial leaders through the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries.
In 1913, B.K. Miller founded a general store at the main intersection in the town which still exists today as one of the largest liquor stores in southern Prince Georges County. It is still owned by the Miller family.
Clinton has mostly single-family housing, but includes a few townhouse developments and one retirement mid-rise. Southern Maryland Regional Hospital is in Clinton, as is a private airfield. Louise F. Cosca Regional Park, a public facility operated by the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission, offers camping, hiking, fishing in a lake, an excellent playground, and a nature museum with nature activities. Clinton boasts a major shopping complex as well, and has a large fringe parking lot nearby where Metro buses take passengers a few miles to the Branch Avenue station of the Washington Metrorail system. There are more shopping centers yet to be built. Clinton is also home to the James O. Hall Research Center which is located on the premises of the Surratts House.
Clinton is the hometown of Maryland State Senate President Thomas V. Mike Miller, Jr. (a few years ago he moved to Calvert County, but still has a Clinton law office); the Miller family is well known in the area.
Academy Award-winning actress Marcia Gay Harden attended Surrattsville High School and graduated in 1976. She won the Oscar for Best Supporting Actress for Pollock in 2001 and was also nominated for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in Mystic River in 2003. Another member of the Surrattsville High School Class of 1976 was baritone Gordon Hawkins, who has won critical acclaim for his performances with opera companies and symphonies around the world.
A movie titled The Photon Effect was filmed in the town and also in Baltimore. A movie titled Safehouse was filmed in Clinton in 2007. Among the actors who flew out from Los Angeles to act in the film was Luke Barnett, who grew up in Clinton and graduated from Grace Brethren Christian School in 2000.
Clinton schools spend $6,986 per student. By average, there are 18 pupils per teacher, 789 students per librarian, and 431 children per counselor in Clinton (zip 20735), MD schools.
Primary and secondary schools
Prince George's County Public Schools operates public schools that serve the area.
- Clinton Grove Elementary School (9420 Temple Hills Road, Temple Hills)
- Francis T. Evans Elementary School (6720 Old Alexander Ferry Road, Clinton)
- James Ryder Randall Elementary School (5410 Kirby Road, Clinton)
- Waldon Woods Elementary School (10301 Thrift Road, Clinton)
- Stephen Decatur Middle School (8200 Pinewood Drive)
- Surrattsville High School (6101 Garden Drive)
- Tanglewood Regional Center (8333 Woodyard Road)
- Grace Brethren Christian Church and School (6501 Surratts Road); this building was originally built as the first Surrattsville High School, and then became Surrattsville Junior High School before it was sold to Grace Brethren.
- St. John the Evangelist School ( 8912 Old Branch Avenue) for grades Pre-K through 8 opened in 1961.
- Independent Baptist Academy - (Piscataway Road) Grades K-4 and up.
- Clinton Christian School
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Clinton, Maryland
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Clinton CDP, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 18, 2011.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Clinton CDP, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 18, 2011.
- "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790-2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-07-18.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.