Coming Home (1978 film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Hal Ashby|
|Produced by||Jerome Hellman|
|Screenplay by||Waldo Salt
Robert C. Jones
|Story by||Nancy Dowd|
|Edited by||Don Zimmerman|
|Distributed by||United Artists|
Coming Home is a 1978 drama film directed by Hal Ashby and starring Jane Fonda, Jon Voight and Bruce Dern. The screenplay by Waldo Salt and Robert C. Jones was from a story by Nancy Dowd. The plot follows a love triangle between a young woman, her Marine husband and the paralyzed Vietnam War veteran she meets while her husband is overseas. Fonda and Voight won Academy Awards for their performances.
In the spring of 1968 in California, Sally (Jane Fonda), a loyal and conservative military wife, is married to Bob Hyde (Bruce Dern), a captain in the United States Marine Corps who is about to be deployed to Vietnam. As a dedicated military officer, Bob sees it primarily as an opportunity for progress. At first, Sally dreads being left alone, but after a while she feels liberated. Forced to find housing off the base she moves into a new apartment by the beach and buys a sports car. With nothing else to do, she decides to volunteer at a local veterans' hospital. This, in part, is motivated by her bohemian friend Vi Munson (Penelope Milford), whose brother Billy has come home after just two weeks in Vietnam with grave emotional problems and now resides in the VA hospital.
At the hospital, Sally meets Luke Martin (Jon Voight), a former high school classmate. Like his friend Billy (Robert Carradine), Luke had gone to Vietnam but come back wounded. He is recuperating at the hospital from the injuries he sustained in the Vietnam War and which left him a paraplegic. Filled with pain, anger, and frustration, Luke is now opposed to the war. Luke at first is a bitter young man, but as he is increasingly thrown into contact with Sally, a relationship starts to develop. Eventually, Luke is released from the hospital, and, newly mobile with his own wheelchair, begins to rebuild his life. His relationship with Sally deepens. She is also transformed by him and her outlook on life starts to change. They have happy times, play at the beach, and the two fall in love. Meanwhile Billy, traumatized by his experiences at war, commits suicide by injecting air into his veins. After Billy’s suicide, Luke has only one obsession: do anything to stop sending young men off to war.
Sally and Luke eventually make love, confronting his handicap. It is the first time Sally has had an orgasm. However, she remains loyal to her husband, and both she and Luke know their relationship will have to end when her husband returns home. Bob does return, too soon, having accidentally wounded himself in the leg. He is also suffering from post traumatic stress disorder from what he has seen in combat. Bob then discovers Sally’s affair from Army Intelligence; and both Sally and Luke agree that Sally should try to patch things up with Bob. Bob loses control; menacingly confronting the lovers with a loaded rifle, but ultimately turns away. The film ends with Bob placing his neatly folded Marines dress uniform on the beach, and swimming out into the ocean in the nude (the reasons for which are unclear, whether to kill himself, or as a symbolic act of cleansing). As Sally enters a supermarket at the end, the two doors close behind her, forming the symbolic phrase "Lucky Out".
- Jane Fonda as Sally Hyde
- Jon Voight as Luke Martin
- Bruce Dern as Captain Bob Hyde
- Penelope Milford as Vi Munson
- Robert Carradine as Bill Munson
- Robert Ginty as Sergeant Dink Mobley
- Mary Gregory as Martha Vickery
- Kathleen Miller as Kathy Delise
- Beeson Carroll as Captain Earl Delise
- Willie Tyler as Virgil
- Lou Carello as Bozo
- Charles Cyphers as Pee Wee
- Olivia Cole as Corrine
- Tresa Hughes as Nurse Degroot
- Bruce French as Dr. Lincoln
Coming Home was conceived by Jane Fonda as the first feature for her own production company, IPC Films (for Indochina Peace Campaign), with her associate producer Bruce Gilbert, an old friend from her protest days. Fonda had in mind to make a film about the Vietnam War inspired by her friendship with Ron Kovic, a paraplegic Vietnam War Veteran, who she met in an antiwar rally. At that time Ron Kovic had recently completed his autobiographical book Born on the Fourth of July which would later become an Oscar-winning motion picture of the same name directed by Oliver Stone, starring Tom Cruise as Kovic.
In 1972, Fonda hired Nancy Dowd, an old friend from her days in the feminist movement, to write a script about the consequences of the war as seen through the eyes of a military wife. Originally, Dowd’s story, tentatively titled Buffalo Ghosts, focused on two women, volunteers at a veteran’s hospital, who must come to grip with the emotional toll the war takes on its casualties and their families. The project dragged on for six years, until Bruce Gilbert and producer Jerome Hellman took it. The screenplay was reshaped significantly by the circle of talent who would eventually bring it to the screen: Fonda, Ashby, Wexler, Jon Voight, producer Hellman and screenwriters Waldo Salt and Robert C. Jones. They were united by their opposition to the Vietnam War and by their concern for the veterans who were returning to America facing difficulties adapting to life back home. Rudy Wurlitzer did uncredited work on the script.
The film was going to be directed by John Schlesinger who had worked with producer Hellman and Voight in Midnight Cowboy, but he left the project after feeling uncomfortable with the subject matter. He was replaced by Hal Ashby. Fonda was cast from the beginning as Sally Hyde, the housewife. A top box office star was sought for the male lead, to offset the grim nature of the story. Al Pacino, Jack Nicholson, and Sylvester Stallone were all offered the part but declined. Jon Voight had been considered for the role of the husband, but after becoming involved with the film, he campaigned to play the paraplegic veteran. Voight had participated in the antiwar movement and was a friend of Fonda, who was instrumental in helping him land the role, even though he had fallen from popularity since his Midnight Cowboy day. Bruce Dern, long stereotyped in sadistic roles, was chosen as the husband. The screenplay was written and rewritten until the project could wait no longer. Jane Fonda who just finished Julia (1977) was soon going to star in Alan Pakula’s Comes a Horseman (1978). For director Ashby, this was his second film about the 1960s since his 1975 film Shampoo: where in 'Shampoo' he dealt with the beautiful people of the 1960s immersed in the good life and not thinking about Vietnam, Coming Home found others dealing with the horrors of the war and its tragic after effects.
Ashby had cast singer-songwriter, Guthrie Thomas, to portray the difficult role of Bill Munson in the film after reviewing Thomas' screen test filmed by Sally Dennison. Thomas joined Ashby and the entire cast at a restaurant in Malibu Beach, California prior to the beginning of production. Thomas was a close friend to Ashby and had been cast in a previous Ashby film, Bound for Glory, starring David Carradine. Upon completion of the cast meeting Thomas privately spoke to Ashby and told his friend, "Hal, I am a singer-songwriter as you know and not an actor. In all fairness to you and this amazing cast you need an extremely talented actor for this role and not a poor singer. I recommend either Bobby Carradine or Keith Carradine." Robert Carradine was cast and portrayed the role of Bill Munson.
It won Academy Awards for Best Actor (Jon Voight), Best Actress (Jane Fonda) and Best Original Screenplay (Waldo Salt, Robert C. Jones, and Nancy Dowd). It was nominated for Best Supporting Actor (Bruce Dern), Best Supporting Actress (Penelope Milford), Best Director (Hal Ashby), Best Film Editing (Don Zimmerman), and Best Picture (Jerome Hellman).
The film was released in America in February 1978; it was a popular success with audiences and generally received good reviews. Charles Champlin from Los Angeles Times commented that: "Despite an over explicit soundtrack and some moments when the story in fact became a sermon, the movie effectively translated a changed national consciousness into credible and touching personal terms". The Toronto Sun called the film The Best Years of Our Lives c. 1978 with the same high standards and the same lofty morals of an earlier era".
American Film Institute lists
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies—Nominated
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions—#78
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Cheers - Nominated
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition)—Nominated
- "Coming Home, Box Office Information". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 27, 2012.
- Chong, Sylvia Shin Huey (9 November 2011). The Oriental Obscene: Violence and Racial Fantasies in the Vietnam Era. Duke University Press. p. 164. ISBN 0-8223-4854-3.
- Hillstrom, Kevin; Hillstrom, Laurie Collier (1 January 1998). The Vietnam Experience: A Concise Encyclopedia of American Literature, Songs, and Films. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 76. ISBN 978-0-313-30183-4.
- Dawson, Nick (30 June 2009). Being Hal Ashby: Life of a Hollywood Rebel. University Press of Kentucky. p. 372. ISBN 0-8131-3919-8.
- Medavoy, Mike (25 June 2013). You're Only as Good as Your Next One: 100 Great Films, 100 Good Films, and 100 for Which I Should Be Shot. Simon and Schuster. p. 56. ISBN 978-1-4391-1813-9.
- Devine, Jeremy M. (1999). Vietnam at 24 Frames a Second: A Critical and Thematic Analysis of Over 400 Films about the Vietnam War. University of Texas Press. p. 148. ISBN 978-0-292-71601-8.
- Pallot, James; Monaco, James (June 1995). The Movie Guide. Berkeley Pub. Group. p. 150. ISBN 978-0-399-51914-7.
- "Festival de Cannes: Coming Home". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 10 May 2009.
- Coming Home at Rotten Tomatoes
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies Nominees
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Cheers Nominees
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) Ballot
- Norden, Martin F, The Cinema of Isolation: a history of physical disability in the movies, Rutgers University Press, 1994, ISBN 0-8135-2104-1
- Peary, Danny, Alternative Oscars, Delta, 1993. ISBN 0-385-30332-7
- Wiley, Mason & Bona, Damien, Inside Oscars, Ballantine Books, 1996, ISBN 0-345-40053-4
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Coming Home (1978 film)|
- Coming Home at the Internet Movie Database
- Coming Home at Box Office Mojo
- Coming Home at Rotten Tomatoes
- Biskind, Peter (2008). "The Vietnam Oscars", Vanity Fair, March 2008 issue, p. 266. Online version retrieved April 6, 2008.
|Academy Award winner for Best Actor and Best Actress||Succeeded by
On Golden Pond