Cooper Bison Kill Site

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Cooper Bison Kill Site
Nearest city Fort Supply, Oklahoma
Governing body State
NRHP Reference # 02000171[1]
Added to NRHP October 7, 2002

The Cooper Bison Kill Site is an archaeological site near Fort Supply in Harper County, Oklahoma, United States. Located along the Beaver River, it was explored in 1993 and 1994 and found to contain artifacts of the Folsom tradition,[2] including arrowheads.[3] It is believed that these artifacts are the results of hunters killing bison in an arroyo. The hunters of this culture found the site continuously useful; the known artifacts are believed to be the results of three different hunts.

The site has been dated to 10,900-10,200 BCE.[4] In 2002, the site was listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[1]

A unique find at the site was that of a Bison antiquus skull, painted with a red zigzag.[5] The Cooper Bison Skull is oldest known painted object in North America.[6] The skull is currently in the collection of the Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History.


  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ About Us, Archaeological Society of Oklahoma, 2009. Accessed 2009-06-14.
  3. ^ Cooper Bison Kill Site (34HP45), Oklahoma Center for Geospatial Information. Accessed 2009-06-14.
  4. ^ Bement, 43
  5. ^ Bement, 37
  6. ^ Bement 176


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