The trolleybus line, managed by the public transport company Krymtrolleybus, was built in 1959 in the Ukrainian SSR as an alternative to extending the current railway line in Simferopol over the mountains to the coastal settlements. The line was opened in two parts: the Simferopol–Alushta segment was opened in 1959 and the Alushta–Yalta segment in 1961. The journey to Alushta is about 1½ hours long, and the journey to Yalta is about 2½ hours long, and costs about 15 hryvnias.
The trolleybus line's route passes through the Crimean Mountains across the Angarskyi Pass, reaching 752 metres (2,500 ft) at the road's highest point, then descends down to the resort town of Alushta on the coast. The remaining distance to Yalta is 41 kilometres (25 mi) and winds around the mountains above the sea.
The Škoda 9Tr and Škoda 14Tr vehicles are used on the route, although starting from 2010 newer Bohdan T601-11 trolleybuses started to replace the aged Škoda vehicles.