Simferopol International Airport
|Simferopol International Airport
Международный аэропорт "Симферополь"
Міжнародний аеропорт "Сімферополь"
|Elevation AMSL||639 ft / 195 m|
Simferopol International Airport (Russian: Международный аэропорт "Симферополь"; Ukrainian: Міжнародний аеропорт "Сімферополь"; Crimean Tatar: Aqmescit Halqara Ava Limanı) (IATA: SIP, ICAO: URFF) is an airport in Simferopol, the capital of Crimea. It was built in 1936. The airport has one international terminal and one domestic terminal.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (March 2014)|
On 21 January 1936, the Council of People's Commissars of the Crimean Autonomous Republic decided to allocate land and begin construction of the Simferopol Airport. Simferopol to Moscow flights began in May 1936. Before the Second World War, regular air travel was established between Simferopol and Kiev, Kharkiv, and other airports. In 1957, a terminal was commissioned. Lighting equipment was installed on a dirt runway and IL-12, IL-14, and Mi-4 aircraft began landing at the airport. In 1960, a concrete runway with an apron and parking areas was constructed. The airport began to operate around the clock and in adverse weather conditions, using new aircraft such as Antonov An-10 and IL-18. In the 1950s and 1960s, the AN-2 carried cargo and passenger flights to regional centers of the Crimea, and the Mi-4 flew to Yalta. In the summer of 1960, a squadron of Tu-104 was organized for the first time in Ukraine. Starting in 1964, the An-24 was based at the airport. Construction of the second runway, designed for IL-86, IL-76, IL-62, and Tu-154 aircraft, began in 1977. On 19 May 1982, Simferopol airport was the first in Ukrainian SSR to have a wide-IL-86. In subsequent years, this type of aircraft made an average of 5.6 daily flights to Moscow. In the summer of 1989, the airport was designated as a "western alternate airport" for landing the Buran spacecraft. In the early 2000s, the old runway 01R/19L (length 2700 m, PCN 22/R/B/X/T, accommodating a maximum weight of aircraft of 98 tonnes) was taken out of service because of its lack of length and strength. Since then, it has been used as a taxi D path with a length of 2100 m (the remaining 600 meters are unsuitable for taxiing). The second runway (01/19) is now in operation and is longer, wider, and stronger, accommodating heavy aircraft.
Following the 2014 Crimean crisis the airport was taken under control on 28 February 2014 by pro-Russian militia forces. Crimean airspace was closed and air traffic disrupted for two days. On 11 March, Russian forces took over the control tower and closed the Crimean airspace until the end of week. Ukraine International Flight PS65 had to return to Kiev shortly before landing.
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) did not recognize the Russia takeover of the airport, with its deputies expressed concerns about international flights safety in the region. ICAO also did a strong appeal to avoid the Crimean unstable airspace. By the same token on 3 March 2014, the European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation (Eurocontrol), who also did not recognize the unilateral ruling of Ukrainian airspace by other country, had confirmed that majority of transitional air-routes have been closed, according to the articles of Chicago Convention. Ukrainian companies also suspended routes to Simferopol. Under Russia control (who is not the member of Eurocontrol), the airport operates flight mostly with Russia destinations. On June 2014 Prime Minister of Russia, Dmitry Medvedev, signed a Government resolution №960 to open the airport for serving international flight. On 29 July 2014 Rosaviation granted Chechen airline Grozny Avia permission to conduct nonstop flights from Simferopol to the Armenian capital of Yerevan and Turkish cities of Istanbul and Antalya.
Airlines and destinations
From March 2014 onwards, all international flights to Simferopol Airport with the exception of flights originating from Russia were cancelled due to Crimea's disputed status. On 11 August 2014, some flights bound to Istanbul, Turkey, began again to be operated.
- Об открытии аэропорта Симферополь для выполнения международных полётов
- "Simferopol airport in Crimea opens for international flights". Voice of Russia. 7 June 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
- "Chechen Airline Gets Permission for Flights From Simferopol to Istanbul". The Moscow Times. 29 July 2014. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- ""Грозный Авиа" запустил регулярное авиасообщение Симферополь-Стамбул". Ria. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
Media related to Simferopol International Airport at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website (English)/(Russian)
- Airport information for UKFF at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.
- Airport information for SIP at Great Circle Mapper.
- NOAA/NWS current weather observations
- ASN Accident history for UKFF