Simferopol International Airport

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Simferopol International Airport
Міжнародний аеропорт "Сімферополь"
Aqmescit Halqara Ava Limanı
Международный аэропорт "Симферополь"
Simferopol airport logo.jpg
Simferopol Airport 2009-09-22.jpg
IATA: SIPICAO: UKFF
SIP is located in Autonomous Republic Crimea
SIP
SIP
Location of airport in Crimea
Summary
Airport type Public
Serves Simferopol
Location Simferopol, Crimea
Focus city for None at present
Elevation AMSL 639 ft / 195 m
Coordinates 45°03′08″N 33°58′31″E / 45.05222°N 33.97528°E / 45.05222; 33.97528
Website www.airport.crimea.ua
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
01L/19R 3,701 12,142 Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Passengers Increase 1,204,500

Simferopol International Airport (Ukrainian: Міжнародний аеропорт "Сімферополь"; Russian: Международный аэропорт "Симферополь" Crimean Tatar: Aqmescit Halqara Ava Limanı) (IATA: SIPICAO: UKFF) is an airport in Simferopol, the capital of Crimea. It was built in 1936. The airport has one international terminal and one domestic terminal.

The international terminal at Simferopol Airport
The domestic terminal at Simferopol Airport

Since March 2014, several international flights to Simferopol Airport have been cancelled due to Crimea's disputed status.

History[edit]

On 21 January 1936, the Council of People's Commissars of the Crimean Autonomous Republic decided to allocate land and begin construction of the Simferopol Airport. Simferopol to Moscow flights began in May 1936. Before the Second World War, regular air travel was established between Simferopol and Kiev, Kharkiv, and other airports.

In 1957, a terminal was commissioned. Lighting equipment was installed on a dirt runway and IL-12, IL-14, and Mi-4 aircraft began landing at the airport. In 1960, a concrete runway with an apron and parking areas was constructed. The airport began to operate around the clock and in adverse weather conditions, using new aircraft such as Antonov An-10 and IL-18. In the 1950s and 1960s, the AN-2 carried cargo and passenger flights to regional centers of the Crimea, and the Mi-4 flew to Yalta. In the summer of 1960, a squadron of Tu-104 was organized for the first time in Ukraine.

Starting in 1964, the An-24 was based at the airport. Construction of the second runway, designed for IL-86, IL-76, IL-62, and Tu-154 aircraft, began in 1977. On 19 May 1982, Simferopol airport was the first in the Ukraine to have a wide-IL-86. In subsequent years, this type of aircraft made an average of 5.6 daily flights to Moscow.

In the summer of 1989, the airport was designated as a "western alternate airport" for landing the Buran spacecraft.

In the early 2000s, the old runway 01R/19L (length 2700 m, PCN 22/R/B/X/T, accommodating a maximum weight of aircraft of 98 tonnes) was taken out of service because of its lack of length and strength. Since then, it has been used as a taxi D path with a length of 2100 m (the remaining 600 meters are unsuitable for taxiing). The second runway (01/19) is now in operation and is longer, wider, and stronger, accommodating heavy aircraft.

Current Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Aeroflot
operated by Donavia
Rostov-on-Don (begins 26 April 2014)
Nordavia Arkhangelsk (begins 9 May)[1]
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen (begins 16 June 2014)[2]
Red Wings Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo
S7 Airlines
operated by Globus
Moscow-Domodedovo
Seasonal: Novosibirsk (begins 11 June 2014)[3]
Severstal Air Company Cherepovets (begins 1 June 2014)
VIM Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo
Ural Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo

Previous Airlines and destinations[edit]

The following airlines have scheduled and charter services to Simferopol International Airport (as of March 2014) :

Airlines Destinations
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya
Seasonal: St Petersburg
airBaltic Cancelled due to the Crimea`s annexation: Riga
Ak Bars Aero Seasonal: Kazan
Atlasjet Cancelled due to the Crimea`s annexation: Istanbul-Atatürk[4]
Azerbaijan Airlines Cancelled due to the Crimea`s annexation: Baku
Belavia Cancelled due to the Crimea`s annexation: Minsk-National[5][6]
Khors Air Cancelled due to the Crimea`s annexation: Kyiv-Zhulyany
Red Wings Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo
S7 Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo
Seasonal: Novosibirsk
SCAT Seasonal: Aktau
Transaero Airlines Seasonal: Moscow-Domodedovo
Turkish Airlines Cancelled due to the Crimea`s annexation: Istanbul-Atatürk
Ukraine International Airlines Cancelled due to the Crimea`s annexation: Kiev-Boryspil, Moscow-Domodedovo, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Frankfurt, Yekaterinburg, Yerevan
Ural Airlines Seasonal: Moscow-Domodedovo, Nizhny Novgorod, Yekaterinburg
UTair Aviation Seasonal: Moscow-Vnukovo
UTair-Ukraine Cancelled due to the Crimea`s annexation: Kiev-Zhulyany
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent
VIM Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo
Yanair Cancelled due to the Crimea`s annexation: Kyiv-Zhulyany

Accidents and incidents[edit]

Following the 2014 Russian invasion of Ukraine the airport was seized on 28 February 2014 by Russian forces. Crimean airspace was closed and air traffic disrupted for two days.[7][8]

On 11 March, Russian forces took over the control tower and closed the Crimean airspace until the end of week. Ukraine International Flight PS65 had to return to Kiev shortly before landing.[9][10]

The International Civil Aviation Organization ICAO didn`t recognize the airport`s take-over by Russian military forces. That`s why the ICAO deputies had expressed severe concern about international flights safety in the region. So the ICAO did the strong appeal to avoid the Crimean unstable airspace.

By the same token on 3 March 2014 the European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation had confirmed, that majority of transitional air-routes have been closed, according to the articles of Chicago Convention. Besides, Eurocontrol did not recognized one-side ruling of the Ukranian air space, which is holding on by another country`s forces.

Russia is not a member of Eurocontrol organisation. At present time the airport is under Russian control and operates Russian flights mostly. Ukranian and European aircompanies suspended all the operations just after the annexation of Crimean peninsula.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Simferopol International Airport at Wikimedia Commons