Cusco Region

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For other uses, see Cusco (disambiguation).
Cusco Region
Region
Machu Picchu, the lost city of the Inca
Machu Picchu, the lost city of the Inca
Official seal of Cusco Region
Seal
Location of the Cuzco region in Peru
Location of the Cuzco region in Peru
Coordinates: 13°16′S 72°07′W / 13.26°S 72.11°W / -13.26; -72.11Coordinates: 13°16′S 72°07′W / 13.26°S 72.11°W / -13.26; -72.11
Country Peru
Subdivisions 13 provinces and 108 districts
Largest city Cuzco
Capital Cuzco
Government
 • President Hugo Gonzalez
Area
 • Total 71,986 km2 (27,794 sq mi)
Elevation(Capital) 3,399 m (11,152 ft)
Highest elevation 4,801 m (15,751 ft)
Lowest elevation 532 m (1,745 ft)
Population (2005 Census)
 • Total 1,171,503
 • Density 16/km2 (42/sq mi)
UBIGEO 08
Dialing code 0484
ISO 3166 code PE-CUS
Principal resources Gold, maize, barley, quinoa, and tea
Poverty rate 5.3%
Percentage of Peru's GDP 4.4%
Website www.regioncusco.gob.pe/
Balconies at the main square in Cusco

Cusco (Quechua: Qosqo suyu, also spelled Cuzco) is a region in Peru. It is bordered by the Ucayali Region on the north; the Madre de Dios and Puno regions on the east; the Arequipa Region on the south; and the Apurímac, Ayacucho and Junín regions on the west. Its capital is Cusco, the capital of the Inca Empire.[1]

Provinces[edit]

Geography[edit]

The plain of Anta contains some of the best communal cultivated lands of the Cusco Region. It is located about 3,000 meters above sea level and is used to cultivate mainly high altitude crops such as potatoes, tarwi (edible lupin), barley and quinoa.

Languages[edit]

According to the 2007 Peru Census, the language learnt first by most of the residents was Quechua (51.40%) followed by Spanish (46.86%). The following table shows the results concerning the language learnt first in the Cusco Region by province:[2]

Province Quechua Aymara Asháninka Another native language Spanish Foreign language Deaf or mute Total
Acomayo 22,262 12 2 4 3,117 - 52 25,449
Anta 36,512 42 3 10 15,248 8 132 51,955
Calca 43,008 101 4 117 18,128 13 142 61,513
Canas 32,790 31 6 11 2,910 - 40 35,788
Canchis 53,695 107 5 7 37,702 2 120 91,638
Chumbivilcas 64,087 102 9 1 6,063 2 104 70,368
Cusco 63,675 781 94 306 282,610 1,521 466 349,453
Espinar 40,594 120 8 1 18,116 6 71 58,916
La Convención 62,145 276 2,802 9,278 81,111 120 318 156,050
Paruro 26,707 53 5 1 2,192 1 42 29,001
Paucartambo 35,996 95 15 207 5,682 9 65 42,069
Quispicanchi 57,587 152 11 12 18,562 20 86 76,430
Urubamba 27,523 104 4 9 25,075 823 68 53,606
Total 566,581 1,976 2,968 9,964 516,516 2,525 1,706 1,102,236
% 51.40 0.18 0.27 0.90 46.86 0.23 0.15 100.00

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Official page (in Spanish)
  2. ^ inei.gob.pe INEI, Peru, Censos Nacionales 2007

External links[edit]