Daemonorops

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Daemonorops
Daemonorops draco - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-023.jpg
Dragon's blood palm Daemonorops draco
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Calamoideae
Tribe: Calameae
Genus: Daemonorops
Blume ex Schult.f., 1830

Daemonorops is a genus of rattan palms in the family Arecaceae found primarily in the tropics and subtropics of southeastern Asia with a few species extending into southern China and the Himalayas.[1][2]

The stems of the Daemonorops are harvest for their cores, which is used for everything from canes to furniture. The fruits of certain species, in particular Daemonorops draco, produce a red resin known as "Dragon's blood".[3] The seeds of species such as Daemonorops margaritae (Chinese: 星月菩提) are harvested for the production of Buddhist prayer beads.

Polished Daemonorops seeds on a mala

Polysaccharides found in some Daemonorops species are known for their medicinal anticoagulant properties.[3]

Species[edit]

  1. Daemonorops acamptostachys Becc. - Sarawak
  2. Daemonorops acehensis Rustiami - Sumatra
  3. Daemonorops affinis Becc. - Mindanao
  4. Daemonorops angustifolia (Griff.) Mart. - Thailand, Malaysia
  5. Daemonorops aruensis Becc. - Aru Islands
  6. Daemonorops asteracantha Becc. - Borneo
  7. Daemonorops atra J.Dransf. - Borneo
  8. Daemonorops aurea Renuka & Vijayak. - Andaman Islands
  9. Daemonorops banggiensis J.Dransf. - Sabah
  10. Daemonorops beguinii Burret - Maluku
  11. Daemonorops binnendijkii Becc. - Sumatra
  12. Daemonorops brachystachys Furtado - Sumatra, Malaysia
  13. Daemonorops brevicaulis A.J.Hend. & N.Q.Dung - Vietnam
  14. Daemonorops calapparia (Mart.) Blume - Maluku
  15. Daemonorops calicarpa (Griff.) Mart. - Sumatra, Malaysia
  16. Daemonorops clemensiana Becc. - Mindanao
  17. Daemonorops collarifera Becc. - Sarawak
  18. Daemonorops confusa Furtado - Sumatra
  19. Daemonorops crinita Blume - Sumatra, Kalimantan
  20. Daemonorops cristata Becc. - Sarawak
  21. Daemonorops curranii Becc. - Palawan
  22. Daemonorops depressiuscula (Miq. ex H.Wendl.) Becc . - Sumatra
  23. Daemonorops didymophylla Becc. - Thailand, Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra
  24. Daemonorops draco (Willd.) Blume, dragon's blood palm[4] - Thailand, Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra
  25. Daemonorops dracuncula Ridl. - Mentawai
  26. Daemonorops dransfieldii Rustiami - Sumatra
  27. Daemonorops elongata Blume - Borneo
  28. Daemonorops fissa Blume - Borneo
  29. Daemonorops fissilis (A.J.Hend., N.K.Ban & N.Q.Dung) A.J.Hend. - Vietnam
  30. Daemonorops forbesii Becc. - Sumatra
  31. Daemonorops formicaria Becc. - Borneo
  32. Daemonorops geniculata (Griff.) Mart. - Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra
  33. Daemonorops gracilipes (Miq.) Becc. - Sumatra
  34. Daemonorops gracilis Becc. - Palawan
  35. Daemonorops grandis (Griff.) Mart. - Thailand, Malaysia
  36. Daemonorops hirsuta Blume - Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra
  37. Daemonorops horrida Burret - Sumatra
  38. Daemonorops ingens J.Dransf. - Borneo
  39. Daemonorops jenkinsiana (Griff.) Mart. - Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam
  40. Daemonorops korthalsii Blume - Borneo
  41. Daemonorops kunstleri Becc. - Thailand, Malaysia
  42. Daemonorops kurziana Hook.f. ex Becc. - Thailand, Malaysia, Andaman Islands
  43. Daemonorops lamprolepis Becc. - Sulawesi
  44. Daemonorops leptopus (Griff.) Mart. - Thailand, Malaysia
  45. Daemonorops lewisiana (Griff.) Mart. - Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra
  46. Daemonorops loheriana Becc. - Philippines
  47. Daemonorops longipes (Griff.) Mart. - Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo
  48. Daemonorops longispatha Becc. - Borneo
  49. Daemonorops longispinosa Burret - Sumatra
  50. Daemonorops longistipes Burret - Sabah, Sarawak
  51. Daemonorops macrophylla Becc. - Thailand, Malaysia
  52. Daemonorops macroptera (Miq.) Becc. - Sulawesi
  53. Daemonorops maculata J.Dransf. - Sarawak
  54. Daemonorops manii Becc. - Andaman Islands
  55. Daemonorops megalocarpa Burret - Sumatra
  56. Daemonorops melanochaetes Blume - Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra, Java
  57. Daemonorops micracantha (Griff.) Becc. - Malaysia, Borneo
  58. Daemonorops microcarpa Burret - Sumatra
  59. Daemonorops microstachys Becc. - Borneo
  60. Daemonorops mirabilis (Mart.) Mart. - Kalimantan
  61. Daemonorops mogeana Rustiami - Sulawesi
  62. Daemonorops mollis (Blanco) Merr. - Philippines
  63. Daemonorops mollispina J.Dransf. - Vietnam
  64. Daemonorops monticola (Griff.) Mart. - Thailand, Malaysia
  65. Daemonorops nigra (Willd.) Blume - Maluku
  66. Daemonorops nuichuaensis (A.J.Hend., N.K.Ban & N.Q.Dung) A.J.Hend. - Vietnam
  67. Daemonorops oblata J.Dransf. - Borneo
  68. Daemonorops oblonga (Reinw. ex Blume) Blume - Java
  69. Daemonorops ochrolepis Becc. - Philippines
  70. Daemonorops ocreata A.J.Hend. & N.Q.Dung - Vietnam
  71. Daemonorops oligolepis Becc. - Mindanao
  72. Daemonorops oligophylla Becc. - Perak
  73. Daemonorops oxycarpa Becc. - Borneo
  74. Daemonorops pachyrostris Becc. - Kalimantan
  75. Daemonorops palembanica Blume - Sumatra
  76. Daemonorops pannosa Becc. - Mindanao
  77. Daemonorops pedicellaris Becc. - Leyte, Mindanao
  78. Daemonorops periacantha Miq. - Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo
  79. Daemonorops plagiocycla Burret - Sumatra
  80. Daemonorops poilanei J.Dransf. - Vietnam
  81. Daemonorops polita Fernando - Mindanao
  82. Daemonorops pumila Van Valk. - Kalimantan
  83. Daemonorops rarispinosa Renuka & Vijayak. - Andaman Islands
  84. Daemonorops riedeliana (Miq.) Becc. - Sulawesi
  85. Daemonorops robusta Warb. ex Becc. - Sulawesi, Maluku
  86. Daemonorops rubra (Reinw. ex Mart.) Blume - Java
  87. Daemonorops ruptilis Becc. - Borneo
  88. Daemonorops sabut Becc. - Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Thailand
  89. Daemonorops sarasinorum Warb. ex Becc. - Sulawesi
  90. Daemonorops scapigera Becc. - Johor, Borneo, Natuna Islands, Sumatra
  91. Daemonorops schlechteri Burret - Sulawesi
  92. Daemonorops sekundurensis Rustiami & Zumaidar - Sumatra
  93. Daemonorops sepal Becc. - Malaysia, Thailand
  94. Daemonorops serpentina J.Dransf. - Sabah
  95. Daemonorops siberutensis Rustiami - Siberut
  96. Daemonorops singalana Becc. - Sumatra
  97. Daemonorops sparsiflora Becc. - Borneo
  98. Daemonorops spectabilis Becc. - Borneo
  99. Daemonorops stenophylla Becc. - Sumatra
  100. Daemonorops takanensis Rustiami - Sulawesi
  101. Daemonorops treubiana Becc. - described 1911 from material collected in unknown location; probably extinct
  102. Daemonorops trichroa Miq. - Sumatra
  103. Daemonorops unijuga J.Dransf. - Sarawak
  104. Daemonorops urdanetana Becc. - Mindanao
  105. Daemonorops uschdraweitiana Burret - Sumatra
  106. Daemonorops verticillaris (Griff.) Mart. - Malaysia, Thailand, Sumatra
  107. Daemonorops wrightmyoensis Renuka & Vijayak. - Andaman Islands

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Flora of China, Vol. 23 Page 142, 黄藤属 huang teng shu, Daemonorops Blume in Schultes & J. H Schultes, Syst. Veg. 7: 1333. 1830
  3. ^ a b Gibbs A, Green C, Doctor VM. (1983). "Isolation and anticoagulant properties of polysaccharides of Typha Augustata and Daemonorops species". Thromb Res. 32 (2): 97–108. doi:10.1016/0049-3848(83)90021-X. PMID 6658717. 
  4. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy".