|David Stockman during his first congressional term, c. 1975|
|25th Director of the Office of Management and Budget|
January 21, 1981 – August 1, 1985
|Preceded by||James T. McIntyre|
|Succeeded by||James C. Miller III|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Michigan's 4th district
January 3, 1977 – January 21, 1981
|Preceded by||J. Edward Hutchinson|
|Succeeded by||Mark D. Siljander|
|Born||David Alan Stockman
November 10, 1946
Fort Hood, Texas
|Spouse(s)||Jennifer Blei Stockman (m. 1983)|
|Alma mater||Michigan State University
David Alan Stockman (born November 10, 1946) is a former U.S. politician and businessman, serving as a Republican U.S. Representative from the state of Michigan (1977–1981) and as the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (1981–1985).
Early life and education
Stockman was born in Fort Hood, Texas, the son of Allen Stockman, a fruit farmer, and Carol (née Bartz). He is of German descent, and his family's surname was originally "Stockmann". He was raised in a conservative family, and his maternal grandfather, William Bartz, was a Republican county treasurer for 30 years. Stockman was educated at public schools in Stevensville, Michigan. He graduated from Lakeshore High School in 1964 and received a B.A. in history from Michigan State University, East Lansing, during 1968. He performed graduate studies at Harvard University, 1968–1970 and 1974–1975. He attended Harvard Divinity School.
He served as special assistant to United States Representative and 1980 Presidential candidate John Anderson of Illinois, 1970–1972, and was executive director, United States House of Representatives Republican Conference, 1972–1975.
Stockman was elected to the United States House of Representatives for the 95th Congress and was reelected by two subsequent elections, serving from January 3, 1977, until his resignation January 21, 1981, to accept appointment as Director of the Office of Management and Budget for U.S. President Ronald Reagan.
Office of Management and Budget
Stockman became one of the most controversial OMB directors ever during a tenure that lasted until his resignation during August 1985. Committed to the doctrine of supply-side economics, he assisted the approval of the "Reagan Budget" (the Gramm-Latta Budget), which Stockman hoped to be a serious curtailment of the "welfare state", gaining a reputation as a tough negotiator with House Speaker Tip O'Neill's Democratic-controlled House of Representatives and Majority Leader Howard Baker's Republican-controlled Senate. During this period, although only in his 30s, Stockman became well known to the public during the contentious political wrangling concerning the role of the federal government in American society.
Stockman's influence within the Reagan Administration decreased after the Atlantic Monthly magazine published the infamous 18,246 word article, "The Education of David Stockman", in its December 1981 issue, based on lengthy interviews Stockman gave to reporter William Greider. The White House's public relations team thereafter attempted to limit the article's damage to Reagan's perceived fiscal-leadership skills. Stockman was quoted as referring to Reagan's tax act as: "I mean, Kemp-Roth [Reagan's 1981 tax cut] was always a Trojan horse to bring down the top rate.... It's kind of hard to sell 'trickle down.' So the supply-side formula was the only way to get a tax policy that was really 'trickle down.' Supply-side is 'trickle-down' theory." Of the budget process during his first year on the job, Stockman was quoted as saying: "None of us really understands what's going on with all these numbers," which was used as the subtitle of the article.
After Stockman's first year at OMB and after "being taken to the woodshed by the president" due to his candor with Atlantic Monthly's William Greider, Stockman became inspired with the projected trend of increasingly large federal deficits and the rapidly expanding national debt. On 1 August 1985, he resigned OMB and later wrote a memoir of his experience in the Reagan Administration titled The Triumph of Politics: Why the Reagan Revolution Failed (ISBN 0060155604), in which he specifically criticized the failure of congressional Republicans to endorse a reduction of government spending as necessary offsets to the large tax decreases, in order to avoid the creation of large deficits and an increasing national debt.
President Jimmy Carter's last signed and executed fiscal year budget results ended with a $79.0 billion budget deficit, ending during the period of David Stockman's and Ronald Reagan's first year in office, on October 1, 1981. The gross federal national debt had just increased to $1.0 trillion during October 1981 ($998 billion on 30 September 1981). By 30 September 1985, four and a half years into the Reagan administration and shortly after Stockman's resignation from the OMB during August 1985, the gross federal debt was $1.8 trillion. Stockman's OMB work within the administration during 1981 until August 1985 was dedicated to negotiating with the Senate and House about the next fiscal year's budget, executed later during the autumn of 1985, which resulted in the national debt becoming $2.1 trillion at fiscal year end 30 September 1986.
After leaving government, Stockman joined the Wall St. investment bank Salomon Brothers and later became a partner of the New York–based private equity company, the Blackstone Group. His record was mixed at Blackstone, with some very good investments, such as American Axle, but also several large failures, including Haynes International and Republic Technologies. During 1999, after Blackstone CEO Stephen A. Schwarzman curtailed Stockman's role in managing the investments he had developed, Stockman resigned from Blackstone to start his own private equity fund company, Heartland Industrial Partners, L.P., based in Greenwich, Connecticut.
On the strength of his investment record at Blackstone, Stockman and his partners raised $1.3 billion of equity from institutional and other investors. With Stockman's guidance, Heartland used a contrarian investment strategy, buying controlling interests in companies operating in sectors of the U.S. economy that were attracting the least amount of new equity: auto parts and textiles. With the help of about $9 billion in Wall Street debt financing, Heartland completed more than 20 transactions in less than 2 years to create four portfolio companies: Springs Industries, Metaldyne, Collins & Aikman, and TriMas. Several major investments performed very poorly, however. Collins & Aikman filed for bankruptcy during 2005 and when Heartland sold Metaldyne to Asahi Tec Corp. during 2006, Heartland lost most of the $340 million-plus of equity it had invested in the business.
Collins & Aikman Corp.
During August 2003, Stockman installed himself as CEO of Collins & Aikman Corporation, a Detroit-based manufacturer of automotive interior components. He was ousted from that job days before a Chapter 11 filing on May 17, 2005.
Criminal and civil charges
On March 26, 2007, federal prosecutors in Manhattan indicted Stockman in "a scheme ... to defraud [Collins & Aikman]'s investors, banks and creditors by manipulating C&A's reported revenues and earnings." At the same time, the Securities and Exchange Commission brought civil charges against Stockman related to actions he performed while CEO of Collins & Aikman. Stockman suffered a personal financial loss, estimated at $13 million, along with losses suffered by as many as 15,000 Collins & Aikman employees worldwide. Stockman said in a statement posted on his law company's website that the company's end was the consequence of an industry decline, not fraud. On January 9, 2009, the U.S. Attorney's Office announced that it did not intend to prosecute Stockman for this case.
Stockman lives in Greenwich, Connecticut. He is married to Jennifer Blei Stockman and is the father of two children, Rachel and Victoria. Jennifer Blei Stockman is a chairwoman emerita of the Republican Majority for Choice, and President of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation Board of Trustees.
"(Social Security) has to be means-tested. And Medicare needs to be means-tested...Let the Bush tax cuts expire. Let the capital gains go back to the same rate as ordinary income."
"The Republican Party has totally abdicated its job in our democracy, which is to act as the guardian of fiscal discipline and responsibility. They're on an anti-tax jihad -- one that benefits the prosperous classes."
"Ninety-two percent of the wealth is owned by five percent of the people." (Bloomberg TV 2013)
- David Alan Stockman, The Reagan Economic Plan, 1981
- David Alan Stockman, The Triumph of Politics: Why the Reagan Revolution Failed, Harper & Row, 1986, ISBN 978-0060155605
- David Alan Stockman, The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America, PublicAffairs, 2013, ISBN 978-1586489120
- Hunter, Marjorie (December 12, 1980). "Office of Management and Budget David Alan Stockman; Strong Support From Kemp Chosen by House Republicans Views on Economy". The New York Times.
- Heibutzki, Ralph (2012-06-04). "Stockman Surprise Speaker at Lakeshore's Graduation". The Herald-Palladium. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
- William Greider (December 1981). "The Education of David Stockman". The Atlantic Online.
- Office of Management and Budget Historical Tables see Table 1.1 (Excel Spreadsheet)
- Treasury Department's Historical Debt Outstanding - Annual 1950 - 1999
- David Carey and John E. Morris, King of Capital: The Remarkable Rise, Fall and Rise Again of Steve Schwarzman and Blackstone (Crown 2010), pp. 125-27.
- Ibid., pp. 144-47.
- Ibid., p. 146.
- "Collins & Aikman seeks to emerge from bankruptcy," Bloomberg News article by Jeff Bennett, published in the newspaper The Advocate of Stamford and (identical version, perhaps with changes by the local editor in the common business section for both newspapers) in the Greenwich Time on September 5, 2006, page A7, The Advocate
- David Carey and Lou Whiteman, "PE firms find buyer for Metaldyne," The Deal, Sept. 1, 2006.
- "Stockman Outsmarts Self in Detroit by Doron Levin". Bloomberg, March 29, 2007
- "Ex-Collins Chief David Stockman Charged With Fraud (Update10)". Bloomberg. March 26, 2007. Retrieved 2010-08-02.
- About Us Republican Majority for Choice
- Trustees, Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation
- "Why David Stockman Isn't buying it". CBS News. March 2, 2012.
- Dickinson, Tim (Nov. 9, 2011). "How the GOP Became the Party of the Rich". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2011-11-10.
- David Stockman: I Invest In Anything Bernanke Can't Destroy, John Carney, CNBC, October 6, 2010
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Voting record at The Washington Post
- Works by or about David Stockman in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Appearances on C-SPAN programs
- Four Deformations of the Apocalypse, David Stockman, The New York Times, July 31, 2010, op-ed
- Ronald Reagan, Ron Paul, & the Fed: Q&A with David Stockman, Reason.tv, January 2011
- Fixing America’s Finances interview on On Point, May 2011
- David Stockman on ‘The Great Deformation’ and Our Economic Doom, Daniel Gross, The Daily Beast, April 1, 2013, interview
|United States House of Representatives|
J. Edward Hutchinson
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Michigan's 4th congressional district
Mark D. Siljander
James T. McIntyre
|Director of the Office of Management and Budget
Served under: Ronald Reagan
James C. Miller III