|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Michigan's 3rd district
January 3, 2011
|Preceded by||Vern Ehlers|
|Member of the Michigan House of Representatives
from the 72nd district
January 1, 2009 – January 1, 2011
|Preceded by||Glenn Steil|
|Succeeded by||Ken Yonker|
|Born||Justin A. Amash
April 18, 1980
Grand Rapids, Michigan, U.S.
|Residence||Cascade Township, Michigan|
|Alma mater||University of Michigan, Ann Arbor|
Justin A. Amash (//; born April 18, 1980) is an American attorney, Republican politician, and member of Congress. In January 2011, he began serving as the U.S. Representative for Michigan's 3rd congressional district, centered around Grand Rapids.
Amash was first elected to the House in the 2010 election. Previously he was a member of the Michigan House of Representatives representing the 72nd District, which is centered around the city of Kentwood and includes his home in Cascade Township as well as the townships of Caledonia and Gaines. At the age of 30, Amash assumed office as the second youngest sitting U.S. Representative, behind 29-year-old Aaron Schock of Illinois. As of 2013, Amash is the 6th youngest U.S. Representative. He is Chairman of the House Liberty Caucus.
Early life and career
Born in Grand Rapids, Michigan, and raised in Kentwood, Michigan, Amash is a second generation Arab-American of Palestinian Christian and Syrian Greek Orthodox descent. His father is a Palestinian business owner, whose family emigrated to the United States in 1956 through the sponsorship of a Christian pastor and his family. Amash attended Kelloggsville Christian School in Kelloggsville and graduated as class valedictorian from Grand Rapids Christian High School. He graduated from the University of Michigan magna cum laude with an B.A. in Economics and earned his J.D. at the University of Michigan Law School in 2005. Amash admires economists F. A. Hayek and Frédéric Bastiat. Amash is married and the father of three children. He belongs to the Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch.
After graduating from the University of Michigan, he became a consultant to his family's tool business. He served as a corporate lawyer for a year before being elected to the Michigan House of Representatives in 2008.
Michigan House of Representatives
Amash ran for the Michigan House of Representatives in 2008 in Michigan's 72nd House District. During this time, he donated to the campaigns of Congressman Ron Paul and John McCain. In the Republican primary, he won a five candidate election with 42% of the vote, defeating opponent Ken Yonker by 723 votes, a 6.3% margin. The incumbent, Glenn D. Steil, Jr., did not run because of term limits. In the general election, Amash defeated Democrat Albert Abbasse 61%–36%.
During his initial tenure in the State House, Amash sponsored 5 resolutions and 12 bills, but none of them passed. He used his social media Facebook page to report on his floor votes and explain his reasoning. Amash was noted for his attendance record.
U.S. House of Representatives
In its October 25, 2010, issue, Amash was named one of Time magazine's "40 under 40 – Rising Stars of U.S. Politics". At the age of 30, Amash was the youngest federal candidate in the United States on the list of new civic leaders.
On August 3, 2010, Amash won the five-way Republican primary for the seat vacated by retiring Republican Vern Ehlers with over 40% of the vote. Amash was a favorite of the Tea Party movement, having been endorsed by iCaucus. He was also endorsed by the Club for Growth, Rep. Ron Paul, and FreedomWorks PAC during his primary campaign.
During general elections, Amash campaigned on a conservative platform. Amash defeated Democrat Patrick Miles Jr. 60%–37% in 2010, and holds in U.S. House of Representatives for Michigan's 3rd Congressional District. Amash won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012 for his second term, defeating Steve Pestka 53%–44%.
Amash has been noted for his attendance. Through 2012, he made every Congressional vote.
Amash supports free markets with limited government regulation. He advocates for economic freedom and believes that stimulus programs and government bailouts are ineffective ways to energize the economy. He also supports adopting a flat tax instead of having targeted tax breaks and subsidies. Amash opposes central economic planning which he believes contributes to unemployment, inflation, and dangerous business cycles. Amash was one of four Republicans who joined 161 Democrats to oppose a Constitutional amendment that would require a yearly balanced budget. Amash supports decreased U.S. military spending to help balance the federal budget. He believes there is significant waste in the military spending of the U.S. Department of Defense. He believes health insurance should not be mandatory, and he supports free market health care reforms that include interstate competition among insurance companies and increased access to health savings accounts. He considers the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act to be an overreach of the federal government's powers and supports efforts to repeal it.
He believes that only Congress has the power to declare war. He supports a two-state solution to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. He opposes restrictions on gun ownership, believing that they violate the Second Amendment. He believes that schools should be managed locally. He believes that the federal government is improperly expanding its powers using the General Welfare, Commerce, or Necessary and Proper clauses.
Amash wants decreased federal intervention in energy-related issues. He wants to eliminate government-sponsored subsidies for energy production and decrease overall regulation. He believes that no form of energy production should be specially favored or restricted. In addition, Amash supports minimizing federal environmental regulations. He voted in favor of the Energy Tax Prevention Act of 2011 which would have prevented the EPA from putting taxes on greenhouse gases.
Amash is considered pro-life, and generally opposes abortion and the use of federal funding for abortion. He supports a repeal of the Defense of Marriage Act as per his Twitter account, stating that the "real threat" to traditional marriage and religious liberty is government, and not gay couples. Although Amash opposes government funding for abortion, he voted "present", rather than "yes" or "no" on the 2011 Full Year Continuing Appropriations Act, a bill that would defund Planned Parenthood. He explained, “Legislation that names a specific private organization to defund (rather than all organizations that engage in a particular activity) is improper and arguably unconstitutional”. When the New York Times asked him to explain his approach to voting on legislation, he replied, “I follow a set of principles, I follow the Constitution. And that's what I base my votes on. Limited government, economic freedom, and individual liberty.”
He endorsed Ron Paul for President in 2012. Paul's brother, David, was an assistant pastor in Amash's district and endorsed Amash, saying the Michigan congressman shares common ground with Paul. Some Congressional Republicans have accused Amash of grandstanding. Amash joined 104 Democrats and 16 Republicans in voting against the 2012 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA). Amash called it “one of the most anti-liberty pieces of legislation of our lifetime”. Amash has co-sponsored an amendment to the NDAA that would ban indefinite military detention and military trials so that all terror suspects arrested in the United States would be tried in civilian courts. He expressed concern that individuals charged with terrorism could be jailed for prolonged periods of time without ever being formally charged or brought to trial.
- Committee on the Budget
- Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
On December 3, 2012, Amash was removed from the Budget Committee.
- "Amash beats Miles in 3rd District Congress race". Connecticut Post. Associated Press. November 2, 2010. Retrieved November 17, 2010.
- Current members of the United States House of Representatives by age
- Ron Kampeas (October 13, 2010). "Political Points: Hannity told me not to come". JTA-Jewish & Israel News. Jewish Telegraphic Agency.
- Jim Harger (October 24, 2010). "Profile: 3rd Congressional district candidate Justin Amash". The Grand Rapids Press (M Live).
- "TIME Magazine names Justin Amash one of its 40 Rising Stars". Justin Amash for Congress. October 14, 2010. Retrieved October 29, 2010.
- Justin Amash on Facebook.
- Newlin, Eliza. "Rep. Justin Amash (R-MI, 3rd District)". National Journal. Retrieved March 2, 2012.
- "ACTUAL ARTICLE TITLE BELONGS HERE!". Huffington Post.
- "MI State House 072 – R Primary Race – Aug 05, 2008". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 2, 2012.
- "MI State House 072 Race – Nov 04, 2008". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 2, 2012.
- Justin Amash sponsored legislation 2009–2010. Legislature.mi.gov.
- Peter Luke (May 4, 2012). "Michigan Republicans play to win; Democrats play to pout". MLive.com. Retrieved October 19, 2012.
- Missed Votes. Michiganvotes.org (June 19, 2008).
- TIME Magazine, "40 under 40 – Rising Stars of U.S. Politics – Justin Amash, Time
- "Justin Amash – Endorsed!". Retrieved March 12, 2012.
- Connolly, Michael. "Club for Growth PAC Endorses Justin Amash in Michigan-03". Retrieved March 12, 2012.
- Ron Paul Endorses Justin Amash for Congress, EON, June 21, 2010
- "FreedomWorks PAC Endorses Justin Amash, Candidate in Michigan`s Third Congressional District". Business Wire. July 29, 2010. Retrieved March 12, 2012.
- "2010 Official Michigan General Election Results – 3rd District Representative in Congress 2 Year Term (1) Position". Michigan Department of State. Retrieved March 2, 2012.
- "Official Michigan Generaral Candidate Listing".
- 2012 Election Results Map by State – Live Voting Updates. Politico.Com (June 21, 2013).
- "No-excuse lawmakers: The members who never miss a vote". thehill.com. March 5, 2012. Retrieved March 10, 2012.
- "House rejects balanced budget amendment". USA Today.
- Justin Amash – Energy and the Environment. Thepoliticalguide.com (June 13, 2012).
- On the Issues. On the Issues (June 21, 2013).
- Justin Amash Backs DOMA Repeal On Twitter. Huffington Post.
- "Justin Amash Endorses Ron Paul". Facebook. Retrieved September 18, 2011.
- Mak, Tim (December 8, 2011). "Justin Amash casts himself in Ron Paul's mold". Politico. Retrieved March 2, 2012.
- Mak, Tim. "Justin Amash casts himself in Ron Paul's mold". Politico. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
- "HOUSE VOTE No. 291 IN 2012". govtrack.us. Retrieved July 16, 2012.
- Hunter, Jack (December 2, 2011). "The terrorists have won". The Daily Caller Opinion. Retrieved March 2, 2012.
- How Smith-Amash NDAA Amendment Bans Indefinite Detention (FACT SHEET). Human Rights First (November 5, 2012).
- "Amash booted from U.S. House budget committee". Detroit News. December 4, 2012. Retrieved December 4, 2012.
- Congressman Justin Amash official U.S. House website
- Justin Amash for Congress
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Biography at Ballotpedia
- Biography at NNDB
- Biography, voting record, and interest group ratings at Project Vote Smart
- Congressional profile at GovTrack
- Congressional profile at OpenCongress
- Congressional profile at Roll Call
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Financial information (federal office) at OpenSecrets.org
- Financial investments (personal) at The Washington Post
- Financial information (state office) at the National Institute for Money in State Politics
- Issue positions and quotes at On the Issues
- Legislation sponsored at The Library of Congress
- Voting record at The Washington Post
- Appearances on C-SPAN programs
- Collected news and commentary at The Washington Post
- Justin Amash at MichiganVotes.org
- Voting record: 2009–2010
- Campaign contributions and reports from the Michigan Secretary of State
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Michigan's 3rd congressional district
|United States order of precedence (ceremonial)|
|United States Representatives by seniority