Daykundi Province

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For the Hazara tribe, see Daikundi (tribe).
Daykundi
Pashto: دايکندي ولايت
Persian: دایکندی
Province
An AH-64 Apache helicopter shoots flares over a valley to support members of the 8th Commando Kandak and coalition special operations forces during a firefight near Nawa Garay village, Kajran district in April 2012.
An AH-64 Apache helicopter shoots flares over a valley to support members of the 8th Commando Kandak and coalition special operations forces during a firefight near Nawa Garay village, Kajran district in April 2012.
Map of Afghanistan with Daykundi highlighted
Map of Afghanistan with Daykundi highlighted
Coordinates: 33°45′N 66°15′E / 33.75°N 66.25°E / 33.75; 66.25Coordinates: 33°45′N 66°15′E / 33.75°N 66.25°E / 33.75; 66.25
Country Afghanistan
Established 2004
Capital Nili
Government
 • Governor Abdul Haq Shafaq
Area[1]
 • Total 18,088 km2 (6,984 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Total 438,500
 • Density 24/km2 (63/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+4:30
ISO 3166 code AF-DAY
Main languages Persian (Hazaragi and Dari dialects)
Pashto
Website http://daikundi.gov.af/

Daykundi (Pashto: دايکندي ولايت; Persian: دایکندی), sometimes spelled as Daikundi, Dāykondī, Daikondi or Daykundi, is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the central part of the country. It has a population of about 438,500,[2] which is a Hazara and Kochi rural society.

Daykundi Province falls into the traditionally ethnic Hazara region known as the Hazarajat and the provincial capital is Nili. It is surrounded by Ghor in the northwest, Bamyan in the northeast, Ghazni in the southeast, Urozgan in the south, and Helmand Province in west.

Formation[edit]

Daykundi was established on March 28, 2004, when it was created from the isolated Hazara-dominated northern districts of neighboring Oruzgan province.

Development and security[edit]

Since the establishment of the province nearly a decade ago, the province has extended its security having the best of all provinces and has increased education surpassing even Kabul in the number of those passing university entrance exams. The province, began its transition in December 2011, maintains its own security through the Afghan police and military.[3]

While the Government of Afghanistan, NGOs, the United Nations, and NATO's ISAF forces have had little involvement in reconstruction in the province, there have been some initiatives. Following heavy rainfall and flooding in February 2007 the United Nations Assistance Mission for Afghanistan (UNAMA) opened a sub-office in the province[4] and Oxfam, one of the few NGOs operating in the province, described UNAMA's input into coordinating flood relief as impressive.[4]

In November 2007 a World Food Programme convoy carrying mixed food aid was forced to abandon its mission due to security concerns and Afghanistan's Interior Ministry confirmed that Taliban insurgents had infiltrated the southern district of Kajran in a bid to destabilise the province. On 11 November 2007 Afghan forces launched a military operation to drive out the insurgents.[5]

The United States began building new government institutions in the province. The insurgency problem and shortage of food continued until 2012. Several government officials have warned in October 2012 that "If the government or NGOs (non-governmental organization) do not address the situation with proper assistances, Daikundi would witness many deaths this winter."[6] In the meantime, a rebel leader along with his 150 fighters joined the government-initiated peace drive in Nili, capital of Daikundi province.[7]

Governance[edit]

Further information: List of governors of Daykundi

In April 2011, Qurban Ali Oruzgani was chosen as the Governor of Daikundi Province. The provincial Police Chief, who leads the regular Afghan National Police (ANP), is responsible for all law enforcement activities. The Police Chief represents the Ministry of the Interior in Kabull. And since May 2013, Abdul Haq Shafaq is chosen as the Governor of Daikundi Province who is said to be one of the most successful Governors in good governance in Afghanistan.

Demographics[edit]

Further information: Demography of Afghanistan

The total population of Daykundi province is estimated to around 438,500,[2] which is multi-ethnic and mostly a rural tribal society. The ethnic Hazaras make up 86% of the total population of the province followed by Pashtuns at 8.5%, Balochs 3.5% and Sayyids 2%.[8] All the inhabitants follow Islam, with Shi'as the majority and Sunnis as the minority. Languages spoken in the province include Dari, Hazaragi, Pashto, and Balochi.

Districts[edit]

Men of Daykundi province in 2009
Districts of Daykundi Province
District Capital Population[9] Area Number of villages and ethnic groups
Ashtarlay 52,9090 1,360 km2 320 villages. 100% Hazara.[10]
Kijran 26,259 1,886 km2 Mostly Pashtoon[11]
Khedir 41,420 1,583 km2 280 villages. 100% Hazara.[12]
Kitti 59,974 1,453 km2 180 villages. 36% Hazara and Tajik, 10% Mika, 18% Mir, 14% Zerger, 10% Sadat (Sayyid), and 17% others.[13]
Miramor 78,506 2,363 km2 350 villages. 100% Hazara.[14]
Nili Nili 30,058 445 km2 135 villages. 100% Hazara.[15]
Sang Takh 95,000 1,945 km2 15% Pashtun, 15% Uzbek, 15% Arab, 1% Tajik, 2% Turkmen, 53% Hazara.[16]
Shahristan 66,330 1,963 km2 315 villages. 100% Hazara.[17]

Economy[edit]

Further information: Economy of Afghanistan

Agriculture is the main industry of the province. It is well known for its high-quality almonds, which are distributed throughout Afghanistan.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statoids". 
  2. ^ a b c "Settled Population of Daykundi province by Civil Division , Urban, Rural and Sex-2012-13" (PDF). Central Statistics Office Afghanistan (CSO). Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  3. ^ "Daykundi province reaches out for unity across Afghanistan | ISAF - International Security Assistance Force". Isaf.nato.int. Retrieved 2012-07-30. 
  4. ^ a b "UN Office For The Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs : UNAMA Facing New Humanitarian Challenges". Irinnews.org. Retrieved 2012-07-30. 
  5. ^ John Pike (2007-11-14). "UN-OCHA Integrated Regional Information Networks : Insecurity Stops Food Aid to a Day Kundi District". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2012-07-30. 
  6. ^ Winter food crisis looms over Daikundi by Hadi Ghafari, Pajhwok Afghan News. October 28, 2012.
  7. ^ 150 rebels in Daikundi give up insurgency. Pajhwok Afghan News. Oct 30, 2012.
  8. ^ "Province: Day Kundi". Naval Postgraduate School (NPS). April 8, 2008. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  9. ^ "DaiKundi Province". Government of Afghanistan and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development. Retrieved 2012-10-28. 
  10. ^ Ashtarli District
  11. ^ Kijran District
  12. ^ Khedir District
  13. ^ Kitti District
  14. ^ Miramor District
  15. ^ Nili District
  16. ^ Sang Takh District
  17. ^ Shahristan District

External links[edit]