Pashto: دايکندي ولايت
|flares over a valley to support members of the 8th Commando Kandak and coalition special operations forces during a firefight near Nawa Garay village, Kajran district in April 2012.|
|• Governor||Qurban Ali Oruzgani|
|• Total||18,088 km2 (6,984 sq mi)|
|• Density||24/km2 (63/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||AF-DAY|
|Main languages||Persian (Hazaragi and Dari dialects)
Daykundi (Pashto: دايکندي ولايت; Persian: دایکندی), sometimes spelled as Daikundi, Dāykondī, Daikondi or Daykundi, is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the central part of the country. It has a population of about 438,500, which is a Hazaraand Kochi rural society.
Daykundi Province falls into the traditionally ethnic Hazara region known as the Hazarajat and the provincial capital is Nili. It is surrounded by Ghor in the northwest, Bamyan in the northeast, Ghazni in the southeast, Urozgan in the south, and Helmand Province in west.
Daykundi was established on March 28, 2004, when it was created from the isolated Hazara-dominated northern districts of neighboring Oruzgan province.
Development and security
Since the establishment of the province nearly a decade ago, the province has extended its security having the best of all provinces and has increased education surpassing even Kabul in the number of those passing university entrance exams. The province, began its transition in December 2011, maintains its own security through the Afghan police and military.
While the Government of Afghanistan, NGOs, the United Nations, and NATO's ISAF forces have had little involvement in reconstruction in the province, there have been some initiatives. Following heavy rainfall and flooding in February 2007 the United Nations Assistance Mission for Afghanistan (UNAMA) opened a sub-office in the province and Oxfam, one of the few NGOs operating in the province, described UNAMA's input into coordinating flood relief as impressive.
In November 2007 a World Food Programme convoy carrying mixed food aid was forced to abandon its mission due to security concerns and Afghanistan's Interior Ministry confirmed that Taliban insurgents had infiltrated the southern district of Kajran in a bid to destabilise the province. On 11 November 2007 Afghan forces launched a military operation to drive out the insurgents.
The United States began building new government institutions in the province. The insurgency problem and shortage of food continued until 2012. Several government officials have warned in October 2012 that "If the government or NGOs (non-governmental organization) do not address the situation with proper assistances, Daikundi would witness many deaths this winter." In the meantime, a rebel leader along with his 150 fighters joined the government-initiated peace drive in Nili, capital of Daikundi province.
In April 2011, Qurban Ali Oruzgani was chosen as the Governor of Daikundi Province. The provincial Police Chief, who leads the regular Afghan National Police (ANP), is responsible for all law enforcement activities. The Police Chief represents the Ministry of the Interior in Kabull.
The total population of Daykundi province is estimated to around 438,500, which is multi-ethnic and mostly a rural tribal society. The ethnic Hazaras make up 86% of the total population of the province followed by Pashtuns at 8.5%, Balochs 3.5% and Sayyids 2%. All the inhabitants follow Islam, with Shi'as the majority and Sunnis as the minority. Languages spoken in the province include Dari, Hazaragi, Pashto, and Balochi.
|District||Capital||Population||Area||Number of villages and ethnic groups|
|Ashtarlay||52,9090||1,360 km2||320 villages. 100% Hazara.|
|Khedir||41,420||1,583 km2||280 villages. 100% Hazara.|
|Kitti||59,974||1,453 km2||180 villages. 36% Hazara and Tajik, 10% Mika, 18% Mir, 14% Zerger, 10% Sadat (Sayyid), and 17% others.|
|Miramor||78,506||2,363 km2||350 villages. 100% Hazara.|
|Nili||Nili||30,058||445 km2||135 villages. 100% Hazara.|
|Sang Takh||95,000||1,945 km2||15% Pashtun, 15% Uzbek, 15% Arab, 1% Tajik, 2% Turkmen, 53% Hazara.|
|Shahristan||66,330||1,963 km2||315 villages. 100% Hazara.|
- "Settled Population of Daykundi province by Civil Division , Urban, Rural and Sex-2012-13" (PDF). Central Statistics Office Afghanistan (CSO). Retrieved 2012-10-29.
- "Daykundi province reaches out for unity across Afghanistan | ISAF - International Security Assistance Force". Isaf.nato.int. Retrieved 2012-07-30.
- "UN Office For The Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs : UNAMA Facing New Humanitarian Challenges". Irinnews.org. Retrieved 2012-07-30.
- John Pike (2007-11-14). "UN-OCHA Integrated Regional Information Networks : Insecurity Stops Food Aid to a Day Kundi District". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2012-07-30.
- Winter food crisis looms over Daikundi by Hadi Ghafari, Pajhwok Afghan News. October 28, 2012.
- 150 rebels in Daikundi give up insurgency. Pajhwok Afghan News. Oct 30, 2012.
- "Province: Day Kundi". Naval Postgraduate School (NPS). April 8, 2008. Retrieved 2012-10-29.
- "DaiKundi Province". Government of Afghanistan and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development. Retrieved 2012-10-28.
- Ashtarli District
- Kijran District
- Khedir District
- Kitti District
- Miramor District
- Nili District
- Sang Takh District
- Shahristan District
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||Ghor Province||Bamyan Province|
|Helmand Province||Oruzgan Province|