Logar Province

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Logar
لوګر
Province
Map of Afghanistan with Logar highlighted
Map of Afghanistan with Logar highlighted
Coordinates (Capital): 34°00′N 69°12′E / 34.0°N 69.2°E / 34.0; 69.2Coordinates: 34°00′N 69°12′E / 34.0°N 69.2°E / 34.0; 69.2
Country Afghanistan
Capital Pul-i-Alam
Area
 • Total 3,880 km2 (1,500 sq mi)
Population [1]
 • Total 332,451 and 550,300 (varying estimates)
Time zone UTC+4:30
ISO 3166 code AF-LOG
Main languages Pashto and Dari Persian

Logar (Pashto: لوګر‎, Persian: لوگَر‎) is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan. The word of Logar is a combination of two Pashto words: Loy (لوى "great") and Ghar (غر "mountain"). The population is mostly Pashtuns and Tajiks.[citation needed] It is located in the eastern zone, southeast of Kabul, and the geography of the province centers on the large Logar River which enters the province through the west and leaves to the north. Its capital is Pul-i-Alam. On 19th August 2014, A major Taliban offensive took place with 700 militants aiming to take control of the province. [2]

Soviet occupation[edit]

Logar was known among Afghans as د جهاد ور، دروازه جهاد ) باب الجهاد ) 'Bab al-Jihad', or 'the Gates of Jihad' because it became a fierce theatre of war between Mujahideen groups and the Soviet army and it was the main supply route of Mujahideen coming from south and Pakistan and going towards Northern and Central Afghanistan. According to Mohammad Hassan Kakar, a historian and personal survivor of the war, the region was the site of the largest attacks by the Soviets throughout the war; he further states that the military caused extensive casualties and denuded, looted, and vandalized the area.[3] Swedish journalist Borge Almqvist, who visited the province in 1982, wrote, "Everywhere in the Logar province the most common sight except for ruins are graves".Almqvist, Borge (1984). Committee for International Afghanistan Hearing, ed. "International Afghanistan Hearing".  Soviet operations included using bombing, the use of flammable liquids to burn alive people in hiding, poisoning of drinking water, and destruction of crops and farmland. According to Kakar, the Soviet actions in this province amounted to genocide.[3]

Some of the most famous Jihadi and resistance leaders were Dr. Fazlullah Mujaddidi, Sayed Rasool Hashimi, Malim Tor, Dr. Mohammad Wali Nasiri, Asadullah Fallah, and so many other committed leaders who led the fight against USSR and their puppet regime in Kabul.

Geography[edit]

The main river valley in the Khoshi district of Logar, Afghanistan. Extensive irrigation and canal works, known as karez, provide water for the majority of the agriculture in southeastern Afghanistan.

Logar can be generally described as a relatively flat river valley in the north and central regions, surrounded by rugged mountains to the east, south, and southwest. The district of Azra, in the east, consists almost entirely of mountains, while travel to the Paktia Province to the south is limited to the Tera Pass, a 2896 m high road that was recently completed as part of the international reconstruction effort in Afghanistan. The Kabul-Gardez Highway runs north-south through Logar Province, from the Mohammed Agha District south to the Paktiya Province border.

Although the government of Afghanistan recognizes the Azra district as being in Logar, many widely accepted maps include it in the Paktia province to the south.

Capital[edit]

Pul-i-Alam, the capital of Logar. The main road running through the city can be seen here. The mountains in the far background are the Azra district and portions of northwest Paktia.

Logar's capital is the city of Pul-i-Alam, located in the district of the same name. It sits on the main road running from Kabul south to Gardez and Khowst province, which borders Pakistan.

Pul-i-Alam has seen a significant amount of reconstruction since the fall of the Taliban. The main road to Kabul was completed in 2006, significantly reducing travel time to the national capital. Additional projects include numerous schools, radio stations, government facilities, and a major Afghan National Police base situated just south of the city.

Like most Afghan cities, there is little municipal planning or services. Electricity is provided by diesel generators, and wells are the primary source of drinking water.

Healthcare[edit]

The percentage of households with clean drinking water fell from 45% in 2005 to 14% in 2011. [4] The percentage of births attended to by a skilled birth attendant increased from 9% in 2005 to 73% in 2011. [5]

Education[edit]

The overall literacy rate (6+ years of age) increased from 21% in 2005 to 30% in 2011. [6] The overall net enrolment rate (6-13 years of age) increased from 22% in 2005 to 45% in 2011. [7]

The overall literacy rate in Logar province was 21% in 2005 however, while nearly one-third (31%) of men are literate this is true for just under one-tenth (9%) of women. There are around 168 primary and secondary schools in the province catering for 81,538 students. There are nearly 2,082 teachers working in schools in the Logar province.[8] There are several girls schools in the province, mostly located in Koshi and Pul-e-alam. Due to the large Taliban presence in Chark and Baraki Barak, the freedom of women in Logar does not always allow for an education.[1] As of 2007, the province had a literacy rate of 17%.[1]

Demographics[edit]

The largest ethnic group in Logar are Pashtuns which makes almost 55% of total population, and Tajiks which makes 35%, there are also small number of Hazara minority.[9]

Districts[edit]

Districts of Logar. This image does not include Azra district, located to the east of Khoshi and Mohammad Agha.

Until 2005 the district was administratively subdivided into five districts. In that year the province gained Azra District from neighbouring Paktia Province; also part of Charkh District was split off into the new district of Kharwar.

Districts of Logar Province
District Capital Population[10] Area[11] Notes
Azra 14,550 Shifted from Paktia Province in 2005
Baraki Barak 78,063 Includes the road linking Pul-i-Alam with Highway 1 to the west
Charkh 40,492 Sub-divided in 2005
Kharwar 26,607 Created in 2005 within Charkh District
Khoshi 15,127 Home to lot of the Shiite enclaves in southeast Afghanistan
Mohammad Agha 58,979 The northern portion of Mohammad Agha is contiguous with the southern 'suburbs' of Kabul 65% pashtun.
Pul-i-Alam 88,886 Includes the capital city

Sport[edit]

Cricket is the most popular sport in the province. Logar has been a major supplier of players for the Afghan national team. Former players include Dawlat Ahmadzai, Ahmad Shah Pakteen and former national team captain Raees Ahmadzai.

Among the active national players hailing from Logar are: Mohammad Nabi Isakhel Ahmadzai(captain of the national team)Shahpoor Zadran, Hashmatullah Shahidi, Nasir Jamal Ahmadzai and Gulbadin Naib Ahmadzai. Football is the second most popular sport in the province. De Abasin Sapih (English "Weaves of Abasin". Abasin means "the father of the rivers" in Pashto language. Abasin is the name of the Indus River) a team representing the provinces of Paktia, Logar, Paktika and Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa plays at Afghanistan premier league.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Province: Logar" Program for Cultrual and Conflict Studies, Naval Postgraduate School, a U.S. Navy website, accessed 24 January 2009
  2. ^ http://www.ibtimes.com/logar-afghanistan-attacked-more-700-taliban-fighters-1662402
  3. ^ a b Kakar, M. Hassan (1995). "Massacre in Logar". Afghanistan: The Soviet Invasion and the Afghan Response, 1979-1982. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-20893-3. 
  4. ^ Archive, Civil Military Fusion Centre, https://www.cimicweb.org/AfghanistanProvincialMap/Pages/Logar.aspx
  5. ^ Archive, Civil Military Fusion Centre, https://www.cimicweb.org/AfghanistanProvincialMap/Pages/Logar.aspx
  6. ^ Archive, Civil Military Fusion Centre, https://www.cimicweb.org/AfghanistanProvincialMap/Pages/Logar.aspx
  7. ^ Archive, Civil Military Fusion Centre, https://www.cimicweb.org/AfghanistanProvincialMap/Pages/Logar.aspx
  8. ^ "Logar provincial profile". Mrrd.gov.af. 2013-07-27. Retrieved 2013-08-17. 
  9. ^ "Understanding War". Understanding War. Retrieved 2013-08-17. 
  10. ^ "Logar Provincial Profile". MRRD. 2013-07-27. Retrieved 2013-08-17. 
  11. ^ Afghanistan Geographic & Thematic Layers[dead link]

External links[edit]