Map of Afghanistan with Logar highlighted
|Coordinates (Capital): Coordinates:|
|• Total||3,880 km2 (1,500 sq mi)|
|• Total||332,451 and 550,300 (varying estimates)|
|ISO 3166 code||AF-LOG|
|Main languages||Pashto and Dari Persian|
Logar (Pashto: لوګر, Persian: لوگَر) is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan. The word of Logar is a combination of two Pashto words: Loy (لوى "great") and Ghar (غر "mountain"). The population is mostly Pashtuns and Tajiks. It is located in the eastern zone, southeast of Kabul, and the geography of the province centers on the large Logar River which enters the province through the west and leaves to the north. Its capital is Pul-i-Alam.
Logar was known among Afghans as د جهاد ور ) باب الجهاد ) 'Bab al-Jihad', or 'the Gates of Jihad' because it became a fierce theatre of war between Mujahideen groups and the Soviet army and it was the main supply route of Mujahideen coming from south and Pakistan and going towards Northern and Central Afghanistan. According to Mohammad Hassan Kakar, a historian and personal survivor of the war, the region was the site of the largest attacks by the Soviets throughout the war; he further states that the military caused extensive casualties and denuded, looted, and vandalized the area. Swedish journalist Borge Almqvist, who visited the province in 1982, wrote, "Everywhere in the Logar province the most common sight except for ruins are graves".Almqvist, Borge (1984). Committee for International Afghanistan Hearing, ed. "International Afghanistan Hearing". Soviet operations included using bombing, the use of flammable liquids to burn alive people in hiding, poisoning of drinking water, and destruction of crops and farmland. According to Kakar, the Soviet actions in this province amounted to genocide.
Logar can be generally described as a relatively flat river valley in the north and central regions, surrounded by rugged mountains to the east, south, and southwest. The district of Azra, in the east, consists almost entirely of mountains, while travel to the Paktia Province to the south is limited to the Tera Pass, a 2896 m high road that was recently completed as part of the international reconstruction effort in Afghanistan. The Kabul-Gardez Highway runs north-south through Logar Province, from the Mohammed Agha District south to the Paktiya Province border.
Although the government of Afghanistan recognizes the Azra district as being in Logar, many widely accepted maps include it in the Paktia province to the south.
Pul-i-Alam has seen a significant amount of reconstruction since the fall of the Taliban. The main road to Kabul was completed in 2006, significantly reducing travel time to the national capital. Additional projects include numerous schools, radio stations, government facilities, and a major Afghan National Police base situated just south of the city.
Like most Afghan cities, there is little municipal planning or services. Electricity is provided by diesel generators, and wells are the primary source of drinking water.
The overall literacy rate in Logar province is 21%, however, while nearly one-third (31%) of men are literate this is true for just under one-tenth (9%) of women. There are around 168 primary and secondary schools in the province catering for 81,538 students. There are nearly 2,082 teachers working in schools in the Logar province. There are several girls schools in the province, mostly located in Koshi and Pul-e-alam. Due to the large Taliban presence in Chark and Baraki Barak, the freedom of women in Logar does not always allow for an education. As of 2007, the province had a literacy rate of 17%.
Until 2005 the district was administratively subdivided into five districts. In that year the province gained Azra District from neighbouring Paktia Province; also part of Charkh District was split off into the new district of Kharwar.
|Azra||14,550||Shifted from Paktia Province in 2005|
|Baraki Barak||78,063||Includes the road linking Pul-i-Alam with Highway 1 to the west|
|Charkh||40,492||Sub-divided in 2005|
|Kharwar||26,607||Created in 2005 within Charkh District|
|Khoshi||15,127||Home to lot of the Shiite enclaves in southeast Afghanistan|
|Mohammad Agha||58,979||The northern portion of Mohammad Agha is contiguous with the southern 'suburbs' of Kabul|
|Pul-i-Alam||88,886||Includes the capital city|
Football is the most popular sport in the province. De Abasin sapih a team from the provinces of Paktia, Logar, Paktika plays at Afghanistan premier league.
- "Province: Logar" Program for Cultrual and Conflict Studies, Naval Postgraduate School, a U.S. Navy website, accessed 24 January 2009
- Kakar, M. Hassan (1995). "Massacre in Logar". Afghanistan: The Soviet Invasion and the Afghan Response, 1979-1982. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-20893-3.
- "Logar provincial profile". Mrrd.gov.af. 2013-07-27. Retrieved 2013-08-17.
- "Understanding War". Understanding War. Retrieved 2013-08-17.
- "Logar Provincial Profile". MRRD. 2013-07-27. Retrieved 2013-08-17.
- Afghanistan Geographic & Thematic Layers[dead link]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Logar Province.|
|Wardak Province||Nangarhar Province|
|Ghazni Province||Paktia Province||Federally Administered Tribal Areas, Pakistan|