|• Total||8,040 km2 (3,100 sq mi)|
|• Estimate (2002)||820,000|
|ISO 3166 code||AF-KDZ|
|Main languages||Pashto, Persian, Uzbek, Turkmen|
Kunduz (Pashto/Persian: کندز) is one of the provinces of Afghanistan. It is centered on the city of Kunduz in northern Afghanistan, with an area of 8,040 km square and a population of about 820,000.
The Kunduz River valley dominates the Kunduz Province. The river flows irregularly from south to north into the Amu Darya or Oxus river which forms the border between Kunduz province and Tajikistan. A newly constructed bridge crosses the Amu Darya at Sher Khan Bandar. The river, its tributaries, and derivative canals provide irrigation to the irrigated fields that dominate land usage in the agricultural province. There are also rain-fed fields and open range land that span several miles.
During the war against the Taliban and Al Qaida in the aftermath of the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon in the United States, Kunduz was the location from where thousands of Pakistani military personnel, Afghan sympathizers, and some members of the Taliban and Al-Qaeda were airlifted to safety within Pakistan. This airlift also known as the Kunduz Airlift of the "Airlift of evil" took place during a period in November 2001.
In 2008, more details emerged in Descent into Chaos by Ahmed Rashid:
One senior (U.S.) intelligence analyst told me, "The request was made by Musharraf to Bush, but Cheney took charge—a token of who was handling Musharraf at the time. The approval was not shared with anyone at State, including Colin Powell, until well after the event. Musharraf said Pakistan needed to save its dignity and its valued people. Two planes were involved, which made several sorties a night over several nights. They took off from air bases in Chitral and Gilgit in Pakistan's northern areas, and landed in Kunduz, where the evacuees were waiting on the tarmac. Certainly hundreds and perhaps as many as one thousand people escaped. Hundreds of ISI officers, Taliban commanders, and foot soldiers belonging to the IMU and al Qaeda personnel boarded the planes. What was sold as a minor extraction turned into a major air bridge. The frustrated U.S. [clarify] who watched it from the surrounding high ground dubbed it "Operation Evil Airlift."
Another senior U.S. diplomat told me afterward, "Musharraf fooled us because after we gave approval, the ISI may have run a much bigger operation and got out more people. We just don't know. At the time nobody wanted to hurt Musharraf, and his prestige with the army was at stake. The real question is why Musharraf did not get his men out before. Clearly the ISI was running its own war against the Americans and did not want to leave Afghanistan until the last moment."
Germany has 4000 soldiers stationed in the NATO-ISAF Kunduz province Provincial Reconstruction Team, along with Regional Command North. The province was largely peaceful until Taliban militants started infiltrating the area in 2009.
On 4 September 2009 the German commander called in an American jetfighter, which attacked two NATO fuel trucks, which had been captured by insurgents. More than 90 people died, among them at least 40 civilians, who had gathered to collect fuel.
It was reported that on 21 November 2009 a bomb going off along the Takhar Kunduz highway killed a child and injured two others.
The governor, Mohammad Omar, was killed by a bomb on 8 October 2010.
|Ali Abad||45,851||47% pashtun, 33% tajik, 12% Hazara, 8% Uzbek|
|Archi||99,000||40% Pashtuns, 35% Uzbek, 15% Tajik, 10% Turkman|
|Chahar Dara||69251||55% Pashtuns, 25% Tajik, 12% Uzbek, 8% Turkmen|
|Imam Sahib||250,000||45% Uzbeks, 25% Pashtuns, 25% Tajiks, 5% Turkmens|
|Khan Abad||110,000||40% Pashtuns, 40% Tajik, 10% Hazara, 5% Uzbek, 5% Pashai|
|Kunduz||259,497||Tajik,Pashtuns, Uzbek, Turkmen, Hazara|
|Qalay-I-Zal||120,000||90% Turkmens, 10% Pashtuns|
The population of nearly 1 million is multiethnic, with the largest ethnic group being Pashtun at 30% of the population. Pashtuns are followed by Uzbek (23%), Tajik (28%), Turkmen (9.4%), Arab (4.6%) and Hazara (3.5%), plus small groups of Pashayi, Baloch and Nuristani. Chardara, Aliabad, Khanabad and Archi districts are mainly Pashtun. Qalay-I-Zal is mainly Turkmen, while Imam Sahib is mainly Uzbek.
The province is represented in Afghan domestic cricket by the Kunduz Province cricket team. National player Mirwais Ashraf is from Kunduz and currently represents Afghanistan in international cricket.
- Bilal Sarwary (8 July 2001). "Taliban (trough pashtoon residents of the area) infiltrate once-peaceful Afghan north". BBC. Retrieved 5 September 2009.
- Scores dead in Nato raid on Kunduz. Al Jazeera English, September 2009
- Nato air strike in Afghanistan kills scores – The Guardian, 4 September 2009
- bombings kill 2 Afghan children, November 2009. Kabul, Xinhua news
- King, Laura (2 October 2011). "Afghanistan suicide bomber kills district governor, 6 others". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
- Afghanistan Geographic & Thematic Layers
- Ethnic data taken from UNHCR Kunduz District Profiles on aims.org.af
- Aliabad District, Kunduz Province. Afghan Biographies.
- Wörmer, Nils (2012). "The Networks of Kunduz: A History of Conflict and Their Actors, from 1992 to 2001". Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik. Afghanistan Analysts Network. p. 8. Retrieved 7 September 2013. "According to The Liaison Office the ethnic composition of Kunduz province is as follows: 30 per cent Pashtun, 23 per cent Uzbek, 28 per cent Tajik, 9.4 per cent Turkmen, 4.6 per cent Arab, 3.5 per cent Hazara, plus a few very small groups including Baluch, Pashai and Nuristani."
||Khatlon Province, Tajikistan|
|Balkh Province||Takhar Province|
|Samangan Province||Baghlan Province|