U.S. soldiers in Khost province (June 2013)
Map of Afghanistan with Khost highlighted
|Coordinates (Capital): Coordinates:|
|• Abdul Jabbar Naeemi||(Governor)|
|• Total||4,152 km2 (1,603 sq mi)|
|• Density||130/km2 (340/sq mi)|
Khost (Pashto: خوست) is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the eastern part of the country next to Pakistan's Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). Khost province used to be part of Paktia province in the past. The city of Khost serves as the capital of Khost province. The population of the province is around 546,800, which is mostly a tribal society. Khost Airport serves the province for domestic flights to Afghanistan's capital, Kabul.
In September 2011, work on the construction of an airport in Khost Province began. It is estimated the airport will cost $2.5 million. The funds for the project are being provided by the Afghan government. The airport will be located in a desert between Ismailkhel and Tani District.
Politics and governance
The current governor of the Province is Abdul Jabbar Naeemi. The city of Khost is the capital of Khost province. All law enforcement activities throughout the province are controlled by the Afghan National Police (ANP). The border of Afghanistan's Khost province with neighboring Pakistan's FATA is monitored and protected by the Afghan Border Police (ABP), which is part of the ANP. The border is called the Durand Line and is known to be one of the most dangerous in the world due to heavy militant activities and illegal smugglings. A provincial police chief is assigned to lead both the ANP and ABP. The police chief represents the Ministry of the Interior in Kabul. The ANP is backed by other Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF), including the NATO-led forces.
The percentage of households with clean drinking water increased from 34% in 2005 to 35% in 2011. The percentage of births attended to by a skilled birth attendant increased from 18% in 2005 to 32% in 2011.
The main tribes are:
- Khostwal (clans: Lakkan, Tawizai, Sabari, Shamil, Matun, Mali, Mandozai, Khostwal, Mangal from Musa khil sub branch dominating two district up northwest of khowst and Ismail Khel)
- Kharsin (Mazdak)
- Tani / Taniwal / Tanoli
- Banusi / Bannuwal
|Nadir Shah Kot||37,193|
|Shamal||13,523||Shifted from Paktia Province in 2005|
- "Settled Population of Khost province by Civil Division, Urban, Rural and Sex-2012-13". Islamic Republic of Afghanistan: Central Statistics Organization. Retrieved 2014-01-18.
- "Khost Province". Program for Culture & Conflict Studies. Naval Postgraduate School. Retrieved 2014-01-18.
- Archive, Civil Military Fusion Centre, https://www.cimicweb.org/AfghanistanProvincialMap/Pages/Khost.aspx
- Afghanistan Geographic & Thematic Layers
- Blowback: The Costs and Consequences of American Empire, by Chalmers Johnson, ISBN 0-8050-6239-4
- "Ghost Wars"
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Khost Province.|
|Federally Administered Tribal Areas, Pakistan|