Denmark–Mexico relations refer to foreign relations between Denmark and Mexico. Both nations are members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the United Nations.
The first known Dane to visit Mexico was Brother Jacob the Dacian, a Danish prince who came to Mexico in 1542 and lived among the indigenous people in southern Mexico. Diplomatic relations commenced in 1827 with a Treaty of Friendship, Trade and Navigation and a commercial treaty based on the treaty Porfirio Díaz had signed with England.
In 1864, Mexico named its first minister (ambassador) to Denmark. Soon afterwards, an honorary consulate of Mexico was opened in Copenhagen under the Consulate-General of Mexico in Hamburg, and in March 1931 the first Mexican legation was opened in the Danish capital. During World War II, Mexico closed its legation in Denmark (while Denmark maintained its diplomatic office in Mexico open). Soon after the end of the war, Mexico re-opened its legation in Copenhagen and in 1956, both countries elevated their diplomatic representations to that of embassies.
Denmark and Mexico have in place the following bilateral treaties:
- Treaty between Mexico and Denmark of July 19, 1827, which stipulated that the products of any country other than Denmark might be carried to Mexico from any part of the world without paying higher duties than were charged on the same articles imported in the vessels of the most-favored nations.
- Agreement concerning the reciprocal protection of works by authors, composers and artists. Signed at Mexico City on 12 July 1954.
- Agreement on economic co-operation. Signed at Mexico City on 5 December 1980.
In 2007 President Felipe Calderón made the first visit by a Mexican president to Denmark. In 2005, Queen Margrethe II was scheduled to visit Mexico but the trip was delayed until 2008. Queen Margrethe II as princess had first visited the country in 1966.
- Queen (and as Princess) Margrethe II of Denmark (1966, 2008)
- Prime Minister Poul Schlüter (1989)
- Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen (2002, 2003)
- Prince Frederik (2013)
Presidential visits from Mexico to Denmark
- President Felipe Calderón (2007, 2009)
Danish companies that have invested in Mexico include: Maersk, Grundfos, Lego, Danisco, Novo Nordisk, FLSmidth and Danfoss. Grundfos and Palsgaard have their factories in San Luis Potosí.
In 2005, Mexico sold Denmark goods and services worth $US 8 million dollars and they grew to $US 130 million by 2007. Denmark exports to Mexico grew from $US 71 million to $US 320 million from 2005 to 2007. In 2014, two-way trade between both nations amounted to $689 million USD.
Resident diplomatic missions
- Queen Margrethe II of Denmark visits Mexico (in Spanish)
- "President Calderón Begins Activities in Denmark". Mexico. Retrieved 2009-06-03.
- Bancroft, Hubert Howe; William Nemos; Thomas Savage; Joseph Joshua Peatfield (1888). History of Mexico : 1861-1887. A.L. Bancroft. p. 488.
- History of diplomatic relations between Mexico and Denmark (in Spanish)
- A Digest of International Law By John Bassett Moore, Francis Wharton, United States President, United States Dept. of Justice, pg 313
- Agreement concerning the reciprocal protection of works by authors, composers and artists
- Agreement on economic co-operation.
- "Mexicos præsident på besøg i Danmark". Nyhederne TV2 (in Danish). 2007. Retrieved 2009-06-03.
- "Queen Margrethe was welcomed by the President Felipe Calderón when she arrived Mexico". The Cheers. 2008. Retrieved 2009-06-03.
- "Danish queen postpones trip to Mexico because of health problems". Associated Press. September 1, 2005. Retrieved 2009-06-03.
- "Danish queen meets Calderon at start of 5-day visit to Mexico". The Earth Times. 18 February 2008. Retrieved 2009-06-03.
- Curtis, Charlotte (February 17, 1966). "Margrethe of Denmark Likes Being a Princess; She Is Interviewed Here on Her Way to Latin America". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-06-08.
- Ministro danés inicia visita oficial a México (in Spanish)
- Mensaje del Primer informe de gobierno de Carlos Salinas de Gortari, Presidente de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos (in Spanish)
- Príncipes de Dinamarca llegan a México para visita oficial (in Spanish)
- "Why Denmark Loves Globalization". Time magazine. November 15, 2007. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
Last year Danish toymaker Lego announced plans to outsource most of its manufacturing to Eastern Europe and Mexico.
- Doran, James (June 21, 2006). "Lego looks to build its future outside Denmark". The Times (London). Retrieved 2009-06-03.
A further 300 jobs will be cut in Connecticut as US manufacturing and distribution is moved to facilities in Mexico.
- "Grundfos' Mexico factory gets royal seal of approval". Retrieved 2009-06-03.
Pump supplier Grundfos Pumps' 12m factory in Mexico has been officially opened by Her Majesty Queen Margrethe of Denmark. The factory based in San Luis Potosi, Mexico, is just part of the Grundfos investment planned for the country.
- Mexican Ministry of the Economy: Denmark (in Spanish)
- Embassy of Denmark in Mexico City (in Danish, English and Spanish)
- Embassy of Mexico in Copenhagen (in English and Spanish)