Des Peres, Missouri

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Des Peres, Missouri
City
Des Peres City Hall predates the city's incorporation.  It was originally built by the neighboring Lutheran Church as an orphanage.
Des Peres City Hall predates the city's incorporation. It was originally built by the neighboring Lutheran Church as an orphanage.
Location of Des Peres, Missouri
Location of Des Peres, Missouri
Coordinates: 38°35′46″N 90°26′50″W / 38.59611°N 90.44722°W / 38.59611; -90.44722Coordinates: 38°35′46″N 90°26′50″W / 38.59611°N 90.44722°W / 38.59611; -90.44722
Country United States
State Missouri
County St. Louis
Area[1]
 • Total 4.32 sq mi (11.19 km2)
 • Land 4.32 sq mi (11.19 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 610 ft (186 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 8,373
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 8,420
 • Density 1,938.2/sq mi (748.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
FIPS code 29-19270[4]
GNIS feature ID 0755986[5]
Website Des Peres, Missouri - Official Website

Des Peres (French: Des Pères) is a city in St. Louis County, Missouri, United States. The population was 8,373 at the 2010 census.[6]

History[edit]

The first inhabitants of Des Peres were the Cahokia, the Kaskaskia, the Michigamea, the Moingwena, and the Tamaroa tribes.[7]

The Osage Nation lived in the area around Des Peres. The Osage were members of the Dhegiha Sioux group of tribes. This group also included the Ponca tribe, Quapaw tribe, Kansas tribe, and Omaha tribe.

Des Peres is thought to be the oldest white settlement in Missouri, founded about December 3, 1700 by some Kaskaskia Native Americans and French who had left the camp of the confederated Illinois tribes on the Illinois River. The settlement was called Des Peres, French for "The Fathers," and meant to honor the Spanish missionaries who settled there. This settlement was at the mouth of River des Peres and it is thought the first settlers found this region unhealthful, so moved across the Mississippi River to a prairie about 25 miles from the mouth of the Kaskaskia River. [8]

People of European descent began settling in Des Peres in the 1800s. By 1850, there were 75,000 people living in St. Louis. Des Peres was mainly settled by German immigrants and southerners from Virginia and the Carolinas who were drawn to the area by the farmland sold off by the United States government in 80-to-160-acre (32 to 65 ha) tracts.[9]

Des Peres got its name from the River des Peres whose tributaries, Deer Creek and Two Mile Creek, ran through the town. The name Des Peres is a French term which means "of the Fathers".

In 1834 a small church, the Des Peres Presbyterian Church, now known as St. Paul's Lutheran of Des Peres, was built on Maddoy Road, now known as Ballas Road.[10]

Geography[edit]

Des Peres is located at 38°35′46″N 90°26′50″W / 38.59611°N 90.44722°W / 38.59611; -90.44722 (38.596023, -90.447299),[11] at an altitude of 659 feet (201 m) MSL[citation needed] and in the Central Time Zone.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.32 square miles (11.19 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1940 641 —    
1950 1,172 +82.8%
1960 4,362 +272.2%
1970 5,333 +22.3%
1980 7,953 +49.1%
1990 8,395 +5.6%
2000 8,592 +2.3%
2010 8,373 −2.5%

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 8,373 people, 3,051 households, and 2,474 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,938.2 inhabitants per square mile (748.3 /km2). There were 3,155 housing units at an average density of 730.3 per square mile (282.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.3% White, 0.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 3.1% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.

There were 3,051 households of which 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.6% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 18.9% were non-families. 16.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.06.

The median age in the city was 45.9 years. 26.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 17.7% were from 25 to 44; 34% were from 45 to 64; and 17.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 8,592 people, 3,004 households, and 2,532 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,954.3 inhabitants per square mile (754.0/km²). There were 3,071 housing units at an average density of 698.5 per square mile (269.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.55% White, 0.79% African American, 0.19% Native American, 1.83% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.83% of the population.

There were 3,004 households out of which 39.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.2% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.7% were non-families. 13.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 21.5% from 25 to 44, 30.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $96,433, and the median income for a family was $106,195. Males had a median income of $79,465 versus $40,563 for females. The per capita income for the city was $40,916. About 0.8% of families and 1.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.5% of those under age 18 and 0.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The current head of the Des Peres government is Mayor Rick Lahr. The government includes the following elected officials: Alderman John Pound and Kathleen Gmelich - Ward 1, Alderman Jim Kleinschmidt and Paul Raczkiewitz - Ward 2, Alderman Paul Fingerhut and Jim Doering - Ward 3.[12]

Schools in Des Peres[edit]

The public schools serving Des Peres are Parkway School District[13] and Kirkwood R-7 School District.[14]

Two private schools exist both with religious affiliations. St. Clement of Rome School is run by its adjoining church and parish under the direction of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of St. Louis. It houses students from pre-kindergarten to eighth grade. [15] St. Paul's Lutheran School also houses students from pre-kindergarten to eighth grade and is headed by the The Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod.[16]

Economy[edit]

The international headquarters of Edward Jones Investments[17] and Scottrade[18] are located in Des Peres.

Taxes[edit]

The City of Des Peres does not assess a real or personal property tax and has not for the past fifteen years: 67% School District; 13% Special Schools; 7% St. Louis County; 4% Community College; 4% Zoo/Museum District; 2% County Library; 2% MSD; 1% Sheltered Workshops.[19]

Culture[edit]

The city is the birthplace of actress Tracy Posner.

Parks and recreation[edit]

Des Peres maintains six separate parks: Des Peres Park, Harwood Park, Pioneer Park, Sugar Creek Park, and the newly opened Phantom Forest and Bittersweet woods.

The Lodge[20] is a community center that includes indoor and outdoor aquatic facilities, fitness center, gymnasium, and meeting rooms.

References[edit]

External links[edit]