Florissant, Missouri

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See also: Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument and Florissant, Colorado.
Florissant, Missouri
City
Location of Florissant, Missouri
Location of Florissant, Missouri
Coordinates: 38°47′52″N 90°19′32″W / 38.79778°N 90.32556°W / 38.79778; -90.32556Coordinates: 38°47′52″N 90°19′32″W / 38.79778°N 90.32556°W / 38.79778; -90.32556
Country United States
State Missouri
County St. Louis
Founded 1785
Government
 • Mayor Tom Schneider
 • City Council
Area[1]
 • Total 12.87 sq mi (33.33 km2)
 • Land 12.56 sq mi (32.53 km2)
 • Water 0.31 sq mi (0.80 km2)
Elevation 574 ft (175 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 52,158
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 52,252
 • Density 4,152.7/sq mi (1,603.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 63031, 63032, 63033, 63034
Area code(s) 314
FIPS code 29-24778[4]
GNIS feature ID 0756063[5]
Website http://www.florissantmo.com/

Florissant is a second-ring suburb of St. Louis, located in northern St. Louis County, Missouri, United States. The city had a total population of 52,158 in the 2010 census, making it the 12th-largest city in Missouri.

History[edit]

The exact date the first settlers went to the Valley of Florissant is unknown, but it is one of the oldest settlements in the state of Missouri. Some historians believe it was settled about the same time as St. Louis. The first civil government was formed in 1786. Spanish archives in Havana reveal there were 40 people and seven plantations in Florissant at the time of the 1787 census. The village, called "Fleurissant," or "Blooming" in English, by its French settlers and "St. Ferdinand" by its Spanish rulers, was a typical French village with its commons and common fields.[6] Originally a separate town, and now an inner suburb of St. Louis, the community was centered on (and frequently called after) the parish of St. Ferdinand. As late as 1889, the town was predominantly French-speaking (while the southern portion of the metropolis was populated by German-speakers).[7] The first train line to the area was constructed in 1878- an extension of the line which went from St. Louis City to Normandy.[8] The last train to Florissant ran on November 14, 1931.[8] The former Florissant train station is now de.Lish Bakery and Cafe.[9]

Following World War II, Florissant went from a small village community to a large suburban center, as developers such as Alfred H. Mayer Co. and others began building subdivisions on what was formerly farmland and empty acreage. Approximately 18,000 houses were built between 1947 and 1980, and the population swelled to its peak of about 76,000 in the mid 1970s, making it the largest city in St. Louis County.[8]

From 1963 until his death on November 2, 2000, the Mayor of Florissant was James J. Eagan. He was re-elected into office 9 times, and became one of the longest serving Mayors of any city in the United States. In his final year, he was awarded the title of Best Politician in St. Louis by the Riverfront Times.[10] The civic center off Parker Road is named the James J. Eagan Community Center in his memory.

In 2012, Florissant was ranked 76 in the top 100 list of Money Magazine's Best Places to Live - America's Best Small Cities.[11] Other recent reports have Florissant ranked as the #1 Best Small City to Retire To in America [12] and the 2nd Safest City in Missouri.[13]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.87 square miles (33.33 km2), of which, 12.56 square miles (32.53 km2) is land and 0.31 square miles (0.80 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 817
1890 769 −5.9%
1900 752 −2.2%
1910 765 1.7%
1920 682 −10.8%
1930 1,039 52.3%
1940 1,369 31.8%
1950 3,737 173.0%
1960 38,166 921.3%
1970 65,908 72.7%
1980 55,372 −16.0%
1990 51,206 −7.5%
2000 50,497 −1.4%
2010 52,158 3.3%
Est. 2012 52,252 0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

At the 2010 census,[2] there were 52,158 people, 21,247 households and 13,800 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,152.7 inhabitants per square mile (1,603.4 /km2). There were 22,632 housing units at an average density of 1,801.9 per square mile (695.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 69.3% White, 26.8% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population.

There were 21,247 households of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.4% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.0% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.00.

The median age in the city was 38 years. 23.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.2% were from 25 to 44; 25.8% were from 45 to 64; and 15.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.8% male and 53.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census,[4] there were 50,497 people, 20,399 households and 13,687 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,442.4 per square mile (1,714.8/km²). There were 21,027 housing units at an average density of 1,849.8 per square mile (714.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.66% White, 10.51% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, and 1.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.49% of the population.

There were 20,399 households of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.01.

24.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.1 males.

The median household income was $44,462 and the median family income was $52,195. Males had a median income of $37,434 compared with $27,247 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,622. About 2.7% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Public[edit]

Florissant is covered by the Hazelwood and Ferguson-Florissant public school districts. McCluer North High School and McCluer High School of the Ferguson-Florissant School District, and North Technical High School[14] are high schools in Florissant. Hazelwood Central is the only high school in Florissant belonging to the Hazelwood School District. Hazelwood Northwest Middle School and several elementary schools are within the limits.[15][16]

Private[edit]

North County Christian School is a pre-school to grade 12 Christian school that is theologically associated with the Church of the Nazarene.[17][18]

There are several kindergarten through 8th grade parochial schools in Florissant. These include Sacred Heart, St. Angela Merici, St. Ferdinand, St. Rose Philippine Duchesne and Saint Norbert.[19]

Higher education[edit]

Florissant has two theological colleges, an extension campus and barber college. Saint Louis Christian College is a private four year undergraduate institution that is theologically and ecclesiastically associated with the Christian Churches and Churches of Christ.[20] Gateway College of Evangelism and Urshan Graduate School of Theology are located at the former St. Stanislaus Jesuit seminary and are theologically associated with the United Pentecostal Church International.[21][22] Lindenwood University has its offsite North County Campus located in the former Our Lady of Fatima School.[23] Missouri School of Barbering and Hairstyling-St Louis is also located in Florissant.[24]

Florissant Valley Community College and University of Missouri-St. Louis are located in close proximity to the city.

Public libraries[edit]

St. Louis County Library operates the Florissant Valley Branch in Florissant.[25][26]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Old St. Ferdinand Shrine, Official Site
  7. ^ St. Louis Post-Dispatch, January 27, 1889; cited in Missouri Historical Review, April 1957, p. 330
  8. ^ a b c Wright Sr., John A. (June 7, 2004). SC: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 073853255X.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ Atkinson, Angela. "Let's Help de.Lish Bakery & Cafe Put Florissant On The Map". Florissant Patch. Retrieved 2014-03-14. 
  10. ^ Klose, Richard. "Best Politician St. Louis 2000". Riverfront Times. Retrieved 2014-03-14. 
  11. ^ Money Magazine Best Places 2012
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ [2]
  14. ^ "North Technical High School". Retrieved June 29, 2008. 
  15. ^ "Hazelwood School District Maps" (PDF). Hazelwood School District. Retrieved June 29, 2008. 
  16. ^ St. Louis County Department of Planning. City of Florissant-Municipal Wards (Map) (August 2005 ed.).
  17. ^ "About NCCS". North County Christian School. Retrieved June 29, 2008. [dead link]
  18. ^ "Statement Of Beliefs". North County Christian School. Retrieved June 29, 2008. [dead link]
  19. ^ "Parochial Schools of Missouri". National Parochial School Association. Retrieved June 29, 2008. 
  20. ^ "About SLCC". Saint Louis Christian College. Archived from the original on March 27, 2008. Retrieved June 29, 2008. 
  21. ^ Gateway College of Evangelism
  22. ^ Urshan Graduate School of Theology accessdate =June 29, 2008
  23. ^ "Lindenwood's Off-site Campuses - North County". Lindenwood University. Archived from the original on June 27, 2008. Retrieved June 29, 2008. 
  24. ^ "Missouri School of Barbering and Hairstyling-St Louis". Missouri Community Colleges. 50States.com. Retrieved June 29, 2008. 
  25. ^ "Florissant Valley Branch." St. Louis County Library. Retrieved on August 18, 2009.
  26. ^ "Florissant city, Missouri." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on August 18, 2009.

Further reading[edit]

  • Garraghan, Gilbert J. (1923). Saint Ferdinand de Florissant: the story of an ancient parish. Chicago: Loyola Univ. Press. 

External links[edit]