Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough

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"Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough"
A smiling adult African American male with a black afro, wearing a black tuxedo, white shirt, and a black bow tie. Both of his thumbs are hooked into his pants pockets with his palms and fingers facing forward and splayed out. The sides of his jacket are tucked behind his hands as he leans back slightly, giving a playful, casual touch to his formal look. Behind him there is a brown brick wall and to the side of his head there is a blue, square sign with "Michael Jackson" in white writing on two black borders and "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough" in black writing.
Single by Michael Jackson
from the album Off the Wall
B-side "I Can't Help It"
Released July 10, 1979
Format 7", 12"
Recorded December 1978[1]
Genre
Length 6:04
Label Epic
Writer(s) Michael Jackson
Producer(s)
Certification Platinum (United States and New Zealand)
Silver (United Kingdom)
Gold (Australia)
Michael Jackson singles chronology
"A Brand New Day"
(1979)
"Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough"
(1979)
"Rock with You"
(1979)
Off the Wall track listing
"Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough"
(1)
"Rock with You"
(2)
HIStory Begins track listing
"Remember the Time"
(12)
"Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough"
(13)
"Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'"
(14)

"Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" is a single written and recorded by American singer Michael Jackson. Released under Epic Records on July 10, 1979, the song is the first single from Jackson's fifth studio album, titled Off the Wall. The song was the first solo recording over which Jackson had creative control. Jackson said that the song's lyrics were not a reference to sex, but could be about whatever people wanted them to be about.

"Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" was Jackson's first single to hit #1 on the United States Billboard Hot 100 chart in seven years, and his first solo #1 on the Soul singles chart.[2] It remained at #1 for six weeks on Billboard's Soul chart. The song was a worldwide success. Within a few months of release, the 45 was certified Gold, and eventually earned a Platinum certification for sales in excess of two million US copies.

"Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" was well received by contemporary music critics. An accompanying music video for the song was released in October 1979. The video shows Jackson dancing, as well as being shown in a triplicate, in different color backgrounds. The song also won Jackson his first solo Grammy and American Music Awards. "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" is considered to be the first song to showcase Jackson's talent as a solo artist, both as a singer and songwriter. Since the song's release, it has been covered by numerous musicians.

Background and production[edit]

In 1978, Jackson starred as the Scarecrow in The Wiz, an urbanized retelling of L. Frank Baum's The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. After the filming, Jackson, who was still a member of The Jacksons, approached the film's musical director, Quincy Jones, to ask if he knew of any producers to help with Jackson's future solo endeavors.[3] Jones suggested himself, and the two began work on Off the Wall.[3] After listening to hundreds of demos, the two decided upon the ones to record. These included "Workin' Day and Night", "Get on the Floor" and "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough".[4] The song was recorded in Los Angeles recording studios.[5] Jackson claimed that when the melody of "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" came to him, he couldn't shake it off. He found himself humming and singing it while walking through the Jacksons' Encino home. As Michael could not play, he had his brother Randy perform the melody on a piano in the family's recording studio.[4] When Jackson's mother, Katherine Jackson, a devout Jehovah's Witness, heard the song, she was shocked by the lyrical content, and felt that the title could be misconstrued as pertaining to sexual activity.[6] Jackson reassured her that the song was not a reference to sex, but could mean whatever people wanted it to.[6] Upon playing the recording to Jones, it was agreed that the song would be featured on Off the Wall.[4]

Composition[edit]

Musically "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough" is credited as a disco-funk song. The song's full length on Off The Wall is just over 6 minutes. "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough" introduced Jackson's falsetto voice and vocal hiccups, which would become one of Jackson's signature techniques. Along with Jackson's vocal hiccups, Jackson's voice in the song was described as having vocal tics—from the hiccups, a "grunt", and "the 'oho!'".[3] "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough" is played in the key of B Mixolydian and in common time signature. In the song, Jackson's voice range is from G#3 to F#5. Instruments for "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough" are a 6 piece horn section (2 trumpets, alto sax, tenor sax, trombone, and baritone sax), string section (arranged by Ben Wright), and 2 guitars, keyboards, bass, drums and percussion. The song's tempo is upbeat at 120 beats per minute. "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough" begins with Jackson speaking, before singing the song's lyrics'.[7]

Release and reception[edit]

"Don’t Stop 'til You Get Enough" was released on July 10, 1979, under Epic Records; Jackson's first solo album away from Motown Records.[4] It was well received by contemporary critics. Stephen Holden, of Rolling Stone, described the song as "one of a handful of recent disco releases that works both as a dance track and as an aural extravaganza comparable to Earth, Wind and Fire's 'Boogie Wonderland'".[8] Within three months of its release, the song was at the top of the charts and had been certified gold.[4][9] Reaching number one on Billboard's Hot 100 and Hot Soul Singles charts in the United States; it was Jackson's first solo number one single since "Ben", seven years prior.[9] It remained atop of the Billboard Hot 100 for one week. It also reached the top of the charts in Australia, New Zealand, Norway and South Africa, and peaked at number three in the United Kingdom.[6] "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough"s was awarded platinum certification by the Recording Industry Association of America in 1989.[9]

In 2006, "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough" reached number 17 in the United Kingdom, following the Visionary campaign, whereby 20 of Jackson's hit singles were reissued in several European countries.[6] Following Jackson's death in June 2009, his music saw an increase in popularity.[10] "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough" peaked at number seven on Billboard's Hot Digital Songs Chart, peaking at number nine on the charts[11] issue date July 11, 2009. "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough" charted within the top ten, placing at number nine, in France,[12] and charted within the top 20 in Portugal and Switzerland, placing at number 18 and 20.[13] The song also charted at number 21 in Australia, 38 in the United Kingdom,[14] and 50 in Sweden, respectively.[13] "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough"s least successful country was Japan, peaking at number 77.[13] "Don’t Stop 'til You Get Enough" was certified gold in Australia by Australian Recording Industry Association in 2009 for the shipments of 35,000 units.[15]

"Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough" earned Jackson his first solo Grammy Award, winning Best Male R&B Vocal Performance at the 1980 Grammy Awards. It was also nominated for Best Disco Recording. The song also received Favorite Soul/R&B Single at the 1980 American Music Awards.[5][16]

Music video[edit]

A adult African American male with short black hair. He is pointing forward with his right hand and is making a facial expression and he is wearing a black bow tie with a black and white tuxedo. Behind him, there is a pink background.
Jackson in the music video for "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough"

The music video for "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" was directed and produced by Nick Saxton and made its world premiere in October 1979.[6] It was Jackson's first music video as a solo artist. The music video shows a smiling Jackson dancing and singing "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" in a black and white tuxedo with a black bow tie while appearing chroma keyed over a background of abstract geometric figures. At one stage, Jackson is seen dancing in triplicate, which was considered innovative at the time.[4]

The music video was included on the video albums: Video Greatest Hits - HIStory, Number Ones and Michael Jackson's Vision.

Live performances[edit]

Michael Jackson performed this song on The Jacksons' Destiny Tour on the second leg, as well as the Triumph Tour. Michael also performed this song as part of the "Off the Wall Medley" on his HIStory World Tour, but only on certain concerts. Jackson was also going to perform it for the This Is It concert series, but the shows were cancelled due to his death.

Michael Jackson: The Experience[edit]

The song is featured in the video game Michael Jackson: The Experience.

Cover versions[edit]

"Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" has been covered by multiple artists since its release in 1979.

  • In 1985: the song was included in the second album of Dominican Juan Luis Guerra & 440, Mudanza y Acarreo. This version is a merengue based on disco and rock sounds and was titled "Dame" (Give me).
  • In 1999: The song was covered by BB Band in 1999 on their album entitled, The Detroit Sound.[17]
  • Chris Tucker and Adrienne Bailon recorded a new version of the song for the 2001 film Rush Hour 2, which stars also Tucker.
  • In 2005: Westlife performed the song live on their The Number Ones Tour.
  • In 2005: The song was also covered by James Chance on his 2005 album, which included a recorded and live version.[18]
  • In 2005: "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough" was covered by Melissa Forbes on her 2005 album entitled, No More Mondays.[19]
  • In 2007: American pop-rock band Shivaree covered "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough" on their 2007 album of cover versions, entitled, Tainted Love: Mating Calls and Fight Songs.[20]
  • The song was covered by Rod Hanna, on his album of covers entitled Rod Hanna Live: Discofesta 70's Superhits - Rod Hanna.[21]
  • In 2008: The movie 27 Dresses played the song during the wedding dance montage.
  • Also in 2008, a version of the song was included as a bonus track in the album Nach dem Goldrausch by the German indie band Fotos.
  • In 2009: Following Jackson's death in June 2009, the band U2 began their world tour, entitled U2 360° Tour, with renditions of two of Jackson's songs, "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough" and "Man In The Mirror" (from Jackson's 1987 album Bad) on June 30, 2009.[22][23]
  • Also in 2009, Egyptian singer Tamer Hosny heavily sampled "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough" in his song, "Howa Fein (Don't Stop), which is featured on his album, "Haeesh Hayati" http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ti_7C6n1Fjk
  • Cookin Soul did a remix cover of the track, entitled, "Don’t Stop ‘til You Get Enough feat. Jay-Z".[24][25] The remixed version was performed during Cookin Souls Shade45 show, and the track was made available as a digital download track.[25] Amos Barshad and Nick Catucci, of NYMag.com, commented that the remix version was a "surprisingly great meeting of music and lyrics, connecting MJ and rap without overstating the shared DNA".[24]
  • Prince covers it in his 2011 "Welcome 2 America" tour.
  • Usher performed the song and a few other mix of songs as a tribute to Jackson on his OMG Tour.
  • Maroon 5 incorporated the song in its set list on the U.S. Overexposed Tour following the band's opening song "Payphone" and is prior to the next song, "Makes Me Wonder."

Legacy[edit]

James Montgomery of MTV noted that "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough", along with Off the Walls other three singles, "showcased (or, more specifically, unleashed) Jackson's talents as a [sic] entertainer, a vocalist, a writer and, most importantly, as a leading man."[5] After Jackson's death, AOL's Radio Blog released a list, entitled "10 Best Michael Jackson Songs", which placed "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" at number ten on the list.[26]

William Ruhlmann, author of The All-Music Guide to Rock, praised "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" as an "irresistible dance track".[27] John Lewis, author of 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die, noted that the "jittery, frenetic opening track" is the centerpiece of Off the Wall.[27] He concluded that "Jackson's falsetto hollers and frisky yelps serve as an obbligato to the lead line, punctuating Ben Wright's thrilling string arrangement and Jerry Hey's tight horn charts".[27] Jason Elias, a writer for Allmusic, noted that "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" presents a "new Michael Jackson" that was "sexual, [an] adult, and aggressive.[3] Elias commented that "Like the best of Jones' late-'70s, early-'80s work, this [song] wasn't quite disco, couldn't be hardcore funk - it was an amalgam of styles with the all-important pop accessibility."[3]

Jackson's biographer J. Randy Taraborrelli described Jackson's unveiling of a "sexy, playful falsetto" that "no one had ever heard from him before".[4] Nelson George stated that the argument for Jackson's greatness began with the arrangements of "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough". He noted that the percussion and backing vocals were "artfully choreographed" to "create drama and ecstasy on the dance floor". He concluded, "It's one thing to make a dance record — it is another to instill that track with an epic, celebratory quality as Michael does here".[28] James Montgomery of MTV noted that Off The Wall contained a "masterful mixture of fiery disco tracks", specifying "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough" and "Workin' Day and Night".[5]

Track listing[edit]

Personnel[edit]

Charts and certifications[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://cocatalog.loc.gov/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?v1=301&ti=301,301&Search_Arg=jackson%20michael&Search_Code=NALL&CNT=25&PID=dQvCn4waZN7QfoAzmYpkn4wz6RMto&SEQ=20130422043855&SID=4
  2. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942-2004. Record Research. p. 284. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Jason Elias. "Song Review". Allmusic.com. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2010-01-28. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Taraborrelli, pp. 183–187
  5. ^ a b c d James Montgomery (2009-07-06). "Michael Jackson's Life & Legacy: Don't Stop (1979-81)". MTV.com. Viacom. Retrieved 2010-01-29. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Halstead, pp. 92–93
  7. ^ "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough - Michael Jackson Digital Sheet Music (Digital Download)". MusicNotes.com. Alfred Publishing Co. Inc. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  8. ^ Holden, Stephen (1979-11-01). "Off the Wall album review - Rolling Stone". RollingStone.com. Wenner Media LLC. Retrieved 2010-01-28. [dead link]
  9. ^ a b c George, p. 37–43
  10. ^ Ed Christman, Antony Bruno, (2009-07-02). "Michael Jackson Music Sales Surge Could Last For Months". Billboard.com. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Retrieved 2010-01-23. 
  11. ^ a b c d e "Off the Wall awards on Allmusic". Allmusic. Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  12. ^ a b "Week Of July 11, 2009". Billboard.com. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Archived from the original on April 30, 2008. Retrieved 2010-01-28. 
  13. ^ a b c d e "Michael Jackson - Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough". ACharts,us. aCharts.us. Retrieved 2010-01-28. 
  14. ^ a b c d "Michael Jackson". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 18 June 2013. 
  15. ^ "2009 Single Accreditatios". ARIA.com. Australian Recording Industry Association. 2009-03-31. Retrieved 2010-01-29. 
  16. ^ "Grammy Awards 1980". RockOnTheNet.com. Rock On The Net. Retrieved 2009-09-12. 
  17. ^ "The Detroit Sound - BB Band". Spinner.com. AOL Inc. 2009-07-01. Retrieved 2010-01-29. 
  18. ^ "James White & The Blacks / James Chance & The Contortions / James White (2) - The Chance / White Box Set". Discogs.com. Discogs. Retrieved 2010-01-29. 
  19. ^ "No More Mondays - Melissa Forbes". Spinner.com. AOL Inc. 2009-07-01. Retrieved 2010-01-29. 
  20. ^ "Tainted Love: Mating Calls And Fight Songs". Last.fm. Last.fm Limited. Retrieved 2010-01-29. 
  21. ^ "Rod Hanna Live: Discofesta 70's Superhits - Rod Hanna". Spinner.com. AOL Inc. 2009-07-01. Retrieved 2010-01-29. 
  22. ^ "U2 cover Michael Jackson as they kick off world tour - video". NME.com. IPC Media. 2009-07-01. Retrieved 2010-01-29. 
  23. ^ Zabby Currie (2009-07-01). "U2 Pay Homage to Michael Jackson + More". Spinner.com. AOL Inc. Retrieved 2010-01-29. 
  24. ^ a b Amos Barshad, Nick Catucci (2009-07-10). "Song of the Summer: Michael Jackson Rarities, Remixes, Covers and More!". NYMag.com. New York Media LLC. Retrieved 2010-01-23. 
  25. ^ a b "Cookin’ Soul Presents Michael Jackson (Tribute to the King of Pop)". NahRight.com. Complex Media Network. 2009-06-27. Retrieved 2010-01-30. 
  26. ^ AOL Radio Staff (2009-06-26). "10 Best Michael Jackson Songs". AOLRadioBlog.com. AOL Inc. Retrieved 2010-01-24. 
  27. ^ a b c "Off the Wall album reviews". SuperSeventies.com. Super Seventies. Retrieved 2010-01-29. 
  28. ^ George, p. 23
  29. ^ "Michael Jackson - Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough / I Can't Help It (Vinyl)". Discogs.com. Discogs. Retrieved 2011-01-16. 
  30. ^ "Michael Jackson - Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough (Vinyl)". Discogs.com. Discogs. Retrieved 2011-01-16. 
  31. ^ "Michael Jackson - Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough (Vinyl)". Discogs.com. Discogs. Retrieved 2011-01-16. 
  32. ^ "Michael Jackson - Don´t Stop 'Til You Get Enough (Vinyl)". Discogs.com. Discogs. Retrieved 2011-01-16. 
  33. ^ "Michael Jackson - No Pares Hasta Que Tengas Suficiente (Vinyl)". Discogs.com. Discogs. Retrieved 2011-01-16. 
  34. ^ "Michael Jackson - Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough (Vinyl)". Discogs.com. Discogs. Retrieved 2011-01-16. 
  35. ^ "Michael Jackson - Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough (Hybrid)". Discogs.com. Discogs. Retrieved 2011-01-16. 
  36. ^ a b "Michael Jackson – Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough – Austriancharts.at" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40.
  37. ^ "Don't stop 'til you get enough in Canadian Dance Music Singles Chart". Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  38. ^ "Don't stop 'til you get enough in Canadian Top Singles Chart". Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  39. ^ "Michael Jackson – Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough". Officialcharts.de. GfK Entertainment.
  40. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – Michael Jackson search results" (in Dutch) Dutch Top 40.
  41. ^ a b c "Dutchcharts.nl – Michael Jackson – Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" (in Dutch). Single Top 100.
  42. ^ "Charts.org.nz – Michael Jackson – Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough". Top 40 Singles.
  43. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Michael Jackson – Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough". VG-lista.
  44. ^ John Samson. "Don't stop 'til you get enough in South African Chart". Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  45. ^ a b "Michael Jackson – Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough – swisscharts.com". Swiss Singles Chart.
  46. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2009 Singles". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved 22 March 2012. 
  47. ^ "British single certifications – Michael Jackson – Stop Till You Get Enough". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 22 March 2012.  Enter Stop Till You Get Enough in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select single in the field By Format. Click Go
  48. ^ "American single certifications – Michael Jackson – Don_t Stop _Til You Get Enough". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 22 March 2012.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH
  49. ^ Grein, Paul (2010-09-24). "Chart Watch Extra: Songs From The Last Century". Nielsen Business Media. Yahoo! Music. Retrieved 2012-03-22. 
  50. ^ a b "Lescharts.com – Michael Jackson – Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" (in French). Les classement single.
  51. ^ a b "Italiancharts.com – Michael Jackson – Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough". Top Digital Download.
  52. ^ a b "Spanishcharts.com – Michael Jackson – Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" Canciones Top 50.
  53. ^ "Australian-charts.com – Michael Jackson – Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough". ARIA Top 50 Singles.
  54. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Michael Jackson – Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough". Singles Top 60.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]