American Music Award
|American Music Awards|
|American Music Awards of 2014|
|Awarded for||Outstanding achievements for American artists in the record industry.|
The American Music Awards (AMAs) is an annual American music awards show, created by Dick Clark in 1973 for ABC when the network's contract to present the Grammy Awards expired. Unlike the Grammys, which are awarded on the basis of votes by members of the Recording Academy, the AMAs are determined by a poll of the public and music buyers. The award statuette is manufactured by the New York firm Society Awards.
- 1 History and overview
- 2 Categories
- 3 References
- 4 External links
History and overview
The AMAs was created by Dick Clark in 1973 to compete with the Grammy Awards after the move of that year's show to Nashville, Tennessee led to CBS picking up the Grammy telecasts after its first two in 1971 and 1972 were broadcast on ABC. Michael Jackson and Donny Osmond co-hosted the first award show with Rodney Allen Rippy and Ricky Segall in 1974.
Differences between the AMAs and Grammy Awards
While the Grammy Awards are awarded based on votes by members of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, the AMAs are determined by a poll of music buyers and the public. The American Music Awards have nominations based on sales, airplay, activity on social networks, and video viewing and can nominate only the works released between December 1 of the previous year and September 1 of the current year. Before 2010 had nominations based only on sales and airplay and nominated every work, even if old. The Grammys have nominations based on vote of the Academy and only nominate a work from their eligibility period that changes often.
- Artist of the Year
- New Artist of the Year
- Favorite Pop/Rock Female Artist
- Favorite Pop/Rock Male Artist
- Favorite Pop/Rock Band/Duo/Group
- Favorite Pop/Rock Album
- Favorite Country Female Artist
- Favorite Country Male Artist
- Favorite Country Band/Duo/Group
- Favorite Country Album
- Favorite Rap/Hip-Hop Artist
- Favorite Rap/Hip-Hop Album
- Favorite Soul/R&B Female Artist
- Favorite Soul/R&B Male Artist
- Favorite Soul/R&B Album
- Favorite Adult Contemporary Artist
- Favorite Contemporary Inspirational Artist
- Favorite Alternative Artist
- Favorite Latin Artist
- Favorite Electronic Dance Music Artist
- Special Achievement Award
- Single of the Year
- Dick Clark Award for Excellence
The first hosts for the first telecast of the AMAs were Helen Reddy, Roger Miller, and Smokey Robinson. Helen Reddy not only hosted the show but also became the first female artist to win an AMA for Favorite Pop/Rock Female artist. For the first decade or so, the AMAs had multiple hosts, each representing a genre of music. For instance, Glen Campbell would host the country portion (Campbell, in fact, has co-hosted the AMAs more times than any other host or co-host), while other artists would co-host to represent his/her genre. In recent years, however, there has been one single host.
In 1991, Keenen Ivory Wayans became the first Hollywood actor to host the AMAs.
For the 2008 awards, Jimmy Kimmel hosted for the fourth consecutive year. In 2009–2012, there was no host for the first time in history. Instead, the AMAs followed the Grammys' lead in having various celebrities give introductions, however rapper Pitbull hosted the 2013 ceremony.
From its inception in 1973 until 2003, the AMAs have been held in mid- to late-January, but were moved to November beginning in 2003 so as not to further compete with other major awards shows (such as the Golden Globe Awards and the Academy Awards) and allows for ABC to have a well-rated awards show during November sweeps.
Artists that won most awards
The record for most American Music Awards won is held by Michael Jackson, who has amassed twenty-six awards, including one for "Artist of the Century". The most American Music Awards for a group belongs to Alabama who have collected twenty awards and for a female artist belongs to Whitney Houston with twenty-two awards.
- Michael Jackson 26
- Whitney Houston 22
- Alabama 20
Artists that won the most in a single year
The record for the most American Music Awards won in a single year is held by Michael Jackson (in 1984) and Whitney Houston (in 1994), each with 8 awards to their credit (including the Award of Merit, with which both artists were honored in the respective years).
- Michael Jackson 8 (1984)
- Whitney Houston 8 (1994)
Artist of the Decade (special poll)
In 2000 the AMAs held a poll to elect the Artist of the Decade for each previous decade of the Rock & Roll era. The results were:
- '50s: Elvis Presley
- '60s: The Beatles
- '70s: Loretta Lynn
- '80s: Michael Jackson
- '90s: Garth Brooks
- '00s: Eminem & Amy Winehouse (tie)
International Artist Award of Excellence
The International Artist Award of Excellence is the highest and most honored award presented by the American Music Awards, and has only been won by seven artists:
- Michael Jackson
- Rod Stewart
- Led Zeppelin
- The Bee Gees
- Whitney Houston
At the 2013 Award Ceremony, the first ever AMA Icon Award was awarded to Rihanna. The AMAs stated: "The first-ever Icon Award was created to honor an artist whose body of work has made a profound influence over pop music on a global level," and added, "Rihanna’s iconic and innovative sound has enabled her to become one of the most influential and best-selling artists of all time."
Using phones to announce winners
Starting in 2012, as part of a marketing strategy for Samsung, the American Music Awards used Galaxy Note II handsets rather than envelopes to reveal winners. A smart cover on each phone kept the identity of the winners secret until opened.
- Perebinossoff, Philippe et al. (2005). Programming for TV, radio, and the Internet. Elsevier. p. 42.
- "Taylor Swift, Michael Jackson dominate American Music Awards nominations [UPDATED]". Los Angeles Times. October 13, 2009. Archived from the original on October 15, 2009. Retrieved October 14, 2009.
- "Eminem, Bieber outscore Lady Gaga in AMA nods". Reuters. October 12, 2010. Archived from the original on October 13, 2010. Retrieved October 12, 2010.
- Johnson Jr., Billy (October 12, 2010). "Lady Gaga Snubbed at American Music Awards Nominations". Retrieved October 14, 2010.
- "Alabama Wins 23rd AMA Award". CMT. November 17, 2003. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
- "2009 American Music Awards: Scorecard". Los Angeles Times. November 22, 2009. Archived from the original on November 26, 2009. Retrieved November 23, 2009.
- "Keys, Destiny's Child, McGraw win at American Music Awards". Lodi News-Sentinel. January 10, 2002. Retrieved June 16, 2010.
- "Lauryn Hill, Backstreet Boys, DMX Honored With American Music Awards". MTV. January 18, 2000. Retrieved June 16, 2010.
- "List of American Music Awards winners". Sun Journal. January 18, 2000. Retrieved June 16, 2010.
- "Santana wins top album honors at American Music Awards". Times Daily. January 18, 2000. Retrieved June 16, 2010.
- Jay Lustig (November 13, 2009). "Whitney Houston to appear live at the American Music Awards". nj.com. Retrieved November 16, 2009.
- "Rihanna to receive 'AMA Icon Award'". billboard.com. November 26, 2012. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- "Samsung Galaxy Note 2 Used To Announce Winners at AMAs". Newsbroadcast.co.uk. November 26, 2012. Retrieved December 11, 2012.
- American Music Awards, official site