American Music Award
|American Music Awards|
|American Music Awards of 2012|
|Awarded for||Outstanding achievements for American artists in the record industry.|
The American Music Awards, (AMA) is an annual American music awards show, created by Dick Clark in 1973 for ABC when the network's contract to present the Grammy Awards expired. Unlike the Grammys, which are awarded on the basis of votes by members of the Recording Academy, the AMAs are determined by a poll of the public and music buyers.
History and overview
The AMAs were created by Dick Clark in 1973 to compete with the Grammy Awards after the move of that year's show to Nashville, Tennessee led to CBS picking up the Grammy telecasts after its first two in 1971 and 1972 were broadcast on ABC. Michael Jackson and Donny Osmond co-hosted the first award show with Rodney Allen Rippy and Ricky Segall in 1974.
Differences between the AMAs and Grammy Awards
While the Grammy Awards are awarded based on votes by members of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, the AMAs are determined by a poll of music buyers and the public. The American Music Awards have nominations based on sales, airplay, activity on social networks, and video viewing and can nominate only the works released between 1 December of the previous year and 1 September of the current year. Before 2010 had nominations based only on sales and airplay and nominated every work, even if old. The Grammys have nominations based on vote of the Academy and only nominate a work from their eligibility period that changes often.
The most important category of delivery is the American Music Awards Artist of the Year and New Artist of the Year. these categories highlighted in each award and other categories are divided by genre making AMAs are different to the Grammys.
- Artist of the Year
- New Artist of the Year
- Favorite Pop/Rock Female Artist
- Favorite Pop/Rock Male Artist
- Favorite Pop/Rock Band/Duo/Group
- Favorite Pop/Rock Album
- Favorite Country Female Artist
- Favorite Country Male Artist
- Favorite Country Band/Duo/Group
- Favorite Country Album
- Favorite Rap/Hip-Hop Artist
- Favorite Rap/Hip-Hop Album
- Favorite Soul/R&B Female Artist
- Favorite Soul/R&B Male Artist
- Favorite Soul/R&B Album
- Favorite Adult Contemporary Artist
- Favorite Contemporary Inspirational Artist
- Favorite Alternative Artist
- Favorite Latin Artist
- Favorite Electronic Dance
- Special Achievement Award
The first hosts for the first telecast of the AMAs were Helen Reddy, Roger Miller, and Smokey Robinson. Helen Reddy not only hosted the show but also became the first female artist to win an AMA for Favorite Pop/Rock Female artist. For the first decade or so, the AMAs had multiple hosts, each representing a genre of music. For instance, Glen Campbell would host the country portion (Campbell, in fact, has co-hosted the AMAs more times than any other host or co-host), while other artists would co-host to represent his/her genre. In recent years, however, there has been one single host. For the 2008 awards, Jimmy Kimmel hosted for the fourth consecutive year. In 2009, 2011, and 2012, there was no host for the first time in history. Instead, the AMAs followed the Grammys' lead in having various celebrities give introductions.
From its inception in 1973 until 2003, the AMAs have been held in mid- to late-January, but were moved to November beginning in 2003 so as not to further compete with other major awards shows (such as the Golden Globe Awards and the Academy Awards) and allows for ABC to have a well-rated awards show during November sweeps.
Artists that won most awards
The record for most American Music Awards won is held by Michael Jackson, who has amassed twenty-six awards, including one for "Artist of the Century". The most American Music Awards for a group belongs to Alabama who have collected twenty-three awards and for a female artist belongs to Whitney Houston with twenty-two awards.
- Michael Jackson 26
- Alabama 23
- Whitney Houston 22
Artists that won the most in A single year
The record for the most American Music Awards won in a single year is held by Michael Jackson (in 1984) and Whitney Houston (in 1994), each with 8 awards to their credit (including the Award of Merit, with which both artists were honored in the respective years).
- Michael Jackson 8 (1984)
- Whitney Houston 8 (1994)
Artist of the Decade (special poll)
In 2000 the AMAs held a poll to elect the Artist of the Decade for each previous decade of the Rock & Roll era. The results were:
Using phones to announce winners
In 2012, the AMAs used telephones rather than envelopes to announce the awards. A smart cover kept the identity of the winner secret until opened.
- Japan Music Award (similar Japanese music show)
- Korean Music Awards (similar Korean music show)
- Mnet Asian Music Awards
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