Dorsal scapular artery

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Dorsal scapular artery
Dorsal scapular artery.png
The scapular and circumflex arteries.
Superficial and deep branches.png
Superficial and deep branches from the transverse cervical artery.
Latin arteria dorsalis scapulae
Supplies latissimus dorsi, levator scapulae, rhomboids, trapezius
subclavian or transverse cervical[1]
dorsal scapular vein
Gray's p.582
TA A12.2.08.058
FMA FMA:79658
Anatomical terminology

The dorsal scapular artery (or descending scapular artery[2]) is a blood vessel which supplies the levator scapulae, rhomboids,[3] and trapezius.


It most frequently arises from the subclavian artery (the second or third part),[2] but a quarter of the time it arises from the transverse cervical artery.[4] In that case, the artery is also known as the deep branch of the transverse cervical artery, and the junction of those two is called cervicodorsal trunk.


It passes beneath the levator scapulae to the superior angle of the scapula, and then descends under the rhomboid muscles along the vertebral border of the scapula as far as the inferior angle.

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Additional images[edit]


  1. ^ dorsal+scapular+artery at eMedicine Dictionary
  2. ^ a b "Scapular artery, dorsal". Medcyclopaedia. GE. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. 
  3. ^ Huelke DF (1962). "The dorsal scapular artery--a proposed term for the artery to the rhomboid muscles". Anat. Rec. 142: 57–61. doi:10.1002/ar.1091420109. PMID 14449723. 
  4. ^ Reiner A, Kasser R (1996). "Relative frequency of a subclavian vs. a transverse cervical origin for the dorsal scapular artery in humans.". Anat Rec 244 (2): 265–8. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0185(199602)244:2<265::AID-AR14>3.0.CO;2-N. PMID 8808401. 

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This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy.