Ecaterina Andronescu

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Ecaterina Andronescu
Andronescu 2009.jpg
Andronescu speaking to a Social Democratic Youth audience in Otopeni, September 2009
Member of the Chamber of Deputies of Romania
In office
22 November 1996 – 12 December 2008
Minister of Education
In office
28 December 2000 – 19 June 2003
President Ion Iliescu
Prime Minister Adrian Năstase
Preceded by Andrei Marga
Succeeded by Alexandru Athanasiu
Member of the Senate of Romania
Incumbent
Assumed office
15 December 2008
Minister of Education
In office
22 December 2008 – 1 October 2009
President Traian Băsescu
Prime Minister Emil Boc
Preceded by Anton Anton
Succeeded by Emil Boc (interim)
Minister of Education
In office
2 July 2012 – 21 December 2012
President Traian Băsescu
Prime Minister Victor Ponta
Preceded by Liviu Pop (interim)
Succeeded by Remus Pricopie
Personal details
Born (1948-04-07) 7 April 1948 (age 66)
Malovăţ, Mehedinţi County
Nationality Romanian
Political party Social Democratic Party
Alma mater Politehnica University of Bucharest
Occupation Engineer
Website Official site

Ecaterina Andronescu (born 7 April 1948) is a Romanian engineer, professor and politician. A member of the Social Democratic Party (PSD), she sat in the Romanian Chamber of Deputies from 1996 to 2008, representing Bucharest, and has been a Senator since 2008, for the same city. In the Adrian Năstase cabinet, she was Education Minister from 2000 until June 2003. She held the same position in the cabinet of Emil Boc from 2008 to 2009, and once again in the Victor Ponta cabinet during 2012.

She is married and has one child.[1]

Biography[edit]

She was born in Malovăţ, Mehedinţi County and became an engineer in 1972 upon graduation from the Oxidic Materials Science and Engineering department of the Politehnica University of Bucharest's Industrial Chemistry Faculty. In 1982, she earned a doctorate in the same field, and pursued further studies in Western Europe in the 1990s. From 1972 to 1983, she was an assistant lecturer at Politehnica, then lecturer from 1983 to 1990. From 1990 to 1994 she was a reader there, and she has been a professor at the same institution since 1994. From 1989 to 1992, she was assistant dean of the Industrial Chemistry Faculty, and dean from 1992 to 2004. She became the university's rector in 2004,[1] serving until 2012.[2] She has published over 155 scientific works in specialty journals in Romania and abroad; had over 60 scientific research contracts, including abroad; published three books; and has been awarded a patent.[1]

In 1996, Andronescu joined the Party of Social Democracy in Romania (PDSR; PSD since 2001). She had been a secretary of state at the Education Ministry since the preceding year, and at the autumn 1996 elections (which the PDSR lost), she gained a seat in the Chamber and left the ministry. Until 2000, she was secretary of its committee on education, science and youth,[1] continuing as a member until 2008.[3][4] Re-elected in 2000, she was appointed to the incoming Năstase cabinet, serving until 2003,[1] when Alexandru Athanasiu replaced her.[5] As minister, she took a number of controversial decisions, including the reintroduction of a required examination for entering university faculties; the resumption of a high school admission examination; and a change in the method for correcting the baccalaureate.[6] Critics charged that these "experiments" had introduced "anachronism and chaos" into the Romanian educational system, perturbing both pupils and teachers,[7] and Andronescu's reputed inability to justify and sustain her decisions earned her the nickname of Abramburica (a coined term mixing abracadabra and brambura, "aimless").[5]

She was again elected to the Chamber in 2004,[4] and to the Senate in 2008.[8] During the latter campaign, she charged the incumbent National Liberal Party government with immorality, corruption and incompetence regarding education, and touted her 2001-2003 efforts to introduce computers into classrooms and build gyms; these two programmes were themselves criticised at the end of 2004, after the PSD had been voted out of office, for the computerisation effort's weak results and for both having been undertaken after no-bid contracts worth tens of millions of dollars.[9] Additionally, during 2008, she initiated a law raising teachers' salaries by 50%; this measure won unanimous parliamentary approval.[6]

Following her election to the Senate, where she serves on the culture, arts and mass media committee,[10] she was named Education Minister once again.[11] During this cabinet stint, Andronescu again attracted controversy. In May 2009, the authors of the nationwide high school admission test made two errors when writing the questions, prompting the resignation of two Education Ministry employees,[6] and contributing to worries among PSD leaders that Andronescu was damaging their party's image.[12] She later indicated a willingness to scrap the test in its current form, citing unpopularity among teachers.[13] That July, she announced her ministry would no longer issue diplomas for the private Spiru Haret University (and might seek its outright closure), claiming that institution had failed to undergo accreditation and authorisation for its offerings.[14] This action reportedly displeased PSD president Mircea Geoană for not being cleared with him in advance;[12] the university itself took the government to court and won the right to continue operations.[15] She worked on pushing a new educational code through Parliament, but the PSD's former government partner, the Democratic Liberal Party (PD-L), has its own proposals; despite her expressed wish, the debate became entangled in the autumn presidential campaign, where the parties are supporting rival candidates.[16][17] In September, Prime Minister Boc threatened Andronescu with dismissal if she did not annul an order allowing the Education Minister (as opposed to school inspectors) the power to change school directors; she countered that this would decrease the politicisation of the process, while Geoană commented that Boc alone could not dismiss her without consulting his party.[18] Boc's move followed rising discontent with her within the PD-L, whose members Ioan Oltean and Radu Berceanu suggested that Andronescu herself was trying to politicise the educational process.[19] The PD-L also suggested that Andronescu's proposals aimed at sabotaging Boc's own reform project, which the party claimed was addressing the fundamental issues.[19] Together with her PSD colleagues, Andronescu resigned from the cabinet on October 1, 2009, in protest at the dismissal of vice prime minister and Interior Minister Dan Nica.[20] Boc himself took over her ministry, on an interim basis.[21]

Plagiarism controversy[edit]

In July 2012, Andronescu became Education Minister a third time, appointed by Prime Minister Ponta. When President Traian Băsescu signed off on her appointment, he requested that she confirm she had not plagiarized her doctoral thesis. This came amid a backdrop of plagiarism scandals that, among other effects, had forced her predecessor Ioan Mang to resign. Andronescu, although finding the request "demeaning" for her professional career, declared she had never committed plagiarism.[22][23][24] That November, integru.org, a Romanian website run by anonymous academics and focused on plagiarism detection charged that for a 2003 article, Andronescu and her co-author had lifted significant passages without attribution from three other works. The allegations were published by Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung; in response, the minister stated that her actions did not amount to plagiarism.[25][26] Also in the same period, an article in Nature charged she had signed off on a plagiarized 500,000 research funding request;[27] she denied ever having signed the document.[28] A third incident arose over an article published, with minor differences, four times between 2006 and 2007; integru.org alleged that Andronescu, whose name appeared on the authors' list the last three times but not the first, plagiarized the first group of authors.[29] At the December election, she retained her Senate seat with a nationwide high of 68%,[30] but was not reappointed to Ponta's cabinet when it formed later in the month.[31]

Within her party, Andronescu has held several posts since 1997: vice-president of its Bucharest chapter; member of the central executive bureau; member of the national council;[1] vice president, since 2010;[32] and interim president of its Bucharest chapter, since 2012.[33] In 2002, she was made a Knight of the Order of the Star of Romania. The following year, she became a corresponding member of the Baia Mare Technical Academy. She holds honorary doctorates from five Romanian universities.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g (Romanian) Profile at the Romanian Government site; accessed September 19, 2009
  2. ^ (Romanian) Cristina Olivia Moldovan, "Mihnea Costoiu, omul de încredere al Ecaterinei Andronescu, noul rector al Politehnicii" ("Mihnea Costoiu, Confidant of Ecaterina Andronescu, New Politehnica Rector"), Evenimentul Zilei, March 23, 2012; accessed December 2, 2012
  3. ^ (Romanian) 2000-2004 Profile at the Romanian Chamber of Deputies site; accessed September 19, 2009
  4. ^ a b (Romanian) 2004-2008 Profile at the Romanian Chamber of Deputies site; accessed September 19, 2009
  5. ^ a b (Romanian) Ciprian Ciucu, "Între Abramburica şi Ecaterina Andronescu" ("Between Abramburica and Ecaterina Andronescu"), Observator Cultural, Nr. 459, January 2009; accessed September 20, 2009
  6. ^ a b c (Romanian) Alexandra-Livia Dordea, "Ecaterina Andronescu Revine la Educaţie" ("Ecaterina Andronescu Returns as Education Minister"), Evenimentul Zilei, December 17, 2008; accessed September 20, 2009
  7. ^ (Romanian) "Tineretul PD solicită 6% din PIB pentru Şcoală" ("PD Youth Seeks 6% of GDP for Schools"), Ziua, June 20, 2003; accessed September 20, 2009
  8. ^ (Romanian) Election results, alegeri.tv; accessed September 19, 2009
  9. ^ (Romanian) Raluca Alexandrescu, "Meşterul Manole, Mioriţa şi 'societatea cunoaşteri'" ("Meşterul Manole, Mioriţa and the 'Information Society'"), Revista 22, October 29, 2008; accessed September 20, 2009
  10. ^ (Romanian) Parliamentary profile; accessed September 19, 2009
  11. ^ (Romanian) "Guvern de regăţeni, cu 'moţ' ardelean" ("Old Kingdom Government, with a Few Transylvanians"), Adevărul, December 19, 2008; accessed September 19, 2009
  12. ^ a b (Romanian) Roxana Preda, "PSD nu o lasă din braţe pe Ecaterina Andronescu" ("PSD Does Not Drop Ecaterina Andronescu from Its Arms"), Evenimentul Zilei, July 19, 2009; accessed September 20, 2009
  13. ^ (Romanian) "Andronescu: Toată lumea din teritoriu este împotriva tezelor unice" ("Andronescu: the Whole Country Is against the Single Thesis"), Mediafax, August 24, 2009; accessed September 20, 2009
  14. ^ (Romanian) Raul Florea, "Universităţile 'Spiru Haret' şi 'Petre Andrei' au fost scoase în afara legii. 56.000 de absolvenţi, în aer. Andronescu, pentru Gândul: 'Aceste diplome nu respectă legea'" ("Spiru Haret and Petre Andrei Universities Now Extralegal. 56,000 Graduates, up in the Air. Andronescu, for Gândul: 'These Diplomas Do Not Respect the Law'"), Gândul, July 11, 2009; accessed September 19, 2009
  15. ^ (Romanian) "Universitatea 'Spiru Haret' a câştigat primul proces cu Guvernul. Guvernul are dreptul să facă recurs" ("Spiru Haret University Wins First Suit against the Government, Which May Appeal"), Gândul, August 14, 2009; accessed September 20, 2009
  16. ^ (Romanian) Eugenia Mihalcea, "Guvernul, rupt în două de legile educaţiei" ("Government Split in Two by Education Laws"), Jurnalul Naţional, August 19, 2009; accessed September 20, 2009
  17. ^ (Romanian) Monica Iordache Apostol, "Sparge Educaţia buba Coaliţiei?" ("Will Education Break the Coalition?"), Jurnalul Naţional, August 20, 2009; accessed September 20, 2009
  18. ^ (Romanian) Eugenia Mihalcea, "Ecaterina Andronescu, ameninţată de Boc" ("Ecaterina Andronescu, Threatened by Boc"), Jurnalul Naţional, September 19, 2009; accessed September 20, 2009
  19. ^ a b (Romanian) Izabela Niculescu, "Ecaterina Andronescu - Oltean îi cere demisia, Berceanu îi bate obrazul" ("Ecaterina Andronescu - Oltean Asks for Her Resignation, Berceanu Slaps Her Cheek"), Cotidianul, September 4, 2009; accessed September 20, 2009
  20. ^ (Romanian) "Miniştrii PSD şi-au depus demisiile la cabinetul premierului Emil Boc" ("PSD Ministers Submit Their Resignations in the Office of Prime Minister Emil Boc"), Mediafax, 1 October 2009; accessed October 1, 2009
  21. ^ (Romanian) "Premierul Boc a anunţat interimarii PDL pentru ministerele PSD" ("Prime Minister Boc Announces Interim PD-L Ministers for PSD Ministries"), Mediafax, 1 October 2009; accessed October 1, 2009
  22. ^ (Romanian) Sebastian Zachmann, "Ecaterina Andronescu, noul ministru al Educaţiei" ("Ecaterina Andronescu, New Education Minister"), Adevărul, July 2, 2012; accessed July 2, 2012
  23. ^ (Romanian) Thomas Dinca, "Ecaterina Andronescu la Educaţie, propunerea lui Ponta" ("Ecaterina Andronescu for Education, Ponta's Proposal"), Ziarul Financiar, June 29, 2012; accessed July 2, 2012
  24. ^ (Romanian) "Andronescu, despre cererea lui Băsescu: Este jignitor pentru cariera mea profesională" ("Andronescu, about Băsescu's Request: It Is Demeaning for My Professional Career"), România Liberă, July 2, 2012; accessed July 2, 2012
  25. ^ (Romanian) Liviu Avram, "Ecaterina Andronescu e şi ea acuzată de plagiat" ("Ecaterina Andronescu too Is Accused of Plagiarism"), Adevărul, November 29, 2012; accessed December 1, 2012
  26. ^ (Romanian) Andreea Ciulac, "Încă un ministru 'copy-paste'" ("Yet Another 'Copy-Paste' Minister"), Evenimentul Zilei, November 29, 2012; accessed December 2, 2012
  27. ^ (Romanian) Marian Păvălaşc, "Ecaterina Andronescu, acuzată că a fost de acord cu un plagiat privind o finanțare în cercetare în valoare de 500.000 euro" ("Ecaterina Andronescu, Accused of Agreeing with a Plagiarized Research Finance Request for 500,000 Euros"), Evenimentul Zilei, November 8, 2012; accessed December 2, 2012
  28. ^ (Romanian) Andreea Ciulac, "Androneasca se apără" ("Andronescu Defends Herself"), Evenimentul Zilei, November 8, 2012; accessed December 2, 2012
  29. ^ (Romanian) Liviu Avram, Oana Crăciun, "Anchetă la Fizica Materialelor pentru a elucida cel de-al treilea plagiat în care e implicată Ecaterina Andronescu" ("Material Physics Investigation into Third Plagiarism Accusation against Ecaterina Andronescu"), Adevărul, December 3, 2012; accessed December 3, 2012
  30. ^ (Romanian) "Ecaterina Andronescu, cel mai mare scor din ţară" ("Ecaterina Andronescu, Highest Score in the Country"), România Liberă, December 10, 2012; accessed December 23, 2012
  31. ^ (Romanian) Dorina Călin, "Ecaterina Andronescu, despre motivele pentru care nu mai e ministru" ("Ecaterina Andronescu, about Why She Is No Longer a Minister"), Adevărul, December 19, 2012; accessed December 23, 2012
  32. ^ (Romanian) Florin Ciornei, "'PSD, un 'dosar' greu pentru procurorul Victor Ponta" ("PSD, a Difficult 'Dossier' for Prosecutor Victor Ponta"), Evenimentul Zilei, 22 February 2010; accessed July 13, 2010
  33. ^ (Romanian) Cristian Andrei, "Ecaterina Andronescu, preşedinte interimar la PSD Bucureşti" ("Ecaterina Andronescu, Bucharest PSD Interim President"), Gândul, February 8, 2012; accessed April 9, 2012

External links[edit]