Edgware Road

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Edgware Road
UK road A5.PNG
EdgwRd.JPG
Edgware Road at Paddington
Length 9 mi (14 km)
Location North London (Westminster, Camden, Barnet), London, England, UK
North end Marble Arch
West end Edgware
Construction
Construction start 43 A.D.
Other
Known for Shopping, Lebanese cuisine, Marble Arch, Gaumont State Cinema, Tricycle Theatre, St Augustine's, Kilburn, St. Lawrence, Little Stanmore

Edgware Road is a major road through north-west London, starting at Marble Arch in the City of Westminster (south end) and running north-west to Edgware in the London Borough of Barnet. It is also a boundary between several North London boroughs. The route has its origins as a Roman road (part of Watling Street) and therefore runs for 10 miles in an almost perfect straight line, which is unusual in London. It is part of the modern A5 road. It undergoes several name changes along its length, including Maida Vale, Kilburn High Road, Shoot Up Hill and Cricklewood Broadway; but the road is, as a whole, known as the Edgware Road, as it is the road to Edgware.

The road[edit]

The road runs north-west from Marble Arch to Edgware on the outskirts of London. It crosses the Harrow Road and Marylebone Road, passing beneath the Marylebone flyover. The road passes through the suburbs of Maida Vale, Kilburn and Cricklewood. It then crosses the North Circular Road before West Hendon at Staples Corner. After this, the road continues in the same direction, through the Hyde, Colindale, Burnt Oak, and then reaches Edgware.

Shoot-up Hill, one of several names for Edgware Road.

The southernmost part of the Edgware Road forms part of the London Inner Ring Road and as such is part of the boundary of the London congestion charge zone. However, when the zone was extended in February 2007, the road became part of the "free through routes" which allows vehicles to cross the zone during its hours of operation without paying the charge.

The southern part of the road near Marble Arch, noted for its distinct Middle Eastern cuisine and many late-night bars and shisha cafes, is known to Londoners by nicknames such as Little Cairo,[1][2] Little Beirut[3] and, especially near Camden, Little Cyprus.[4][5]

As it passes through the suburbs, the road name changes several times, becoming Maida Vale, Kilburn High Road and Shoot-Up Hill (in Kilburn), and Cricklewood Broadway (in Cricklewood), before becoming Edgware Road once again with intermittent stretches as West Hendon Broadway, and the Hyde. Along the entire route, it retains its identity as the A5 road under the Great Britain road numbering scheme. The A5 continues beyond the end of the Edgware Road, following the old Roman road for much of its route and terminating at Holyhead, Wales (a port for Ireland).

The area[edit]

The name "Edgware Road" is also used to refer to an informal area of London, meaning the area immediately to the north of Marble Arch. The district's northern boundary is the Marylebone flyover.[6]

The postal codes of the area are W1, W2, NW1 and NW2.

The part of the road between Marble Arch and the Marylebone Flyover also separates the areas of Marylebone and Bayswater.

History[edit]

Roman Britain, with the route of Watling Street in red
Hyde Park toll gate.

Before the Romans, today's Edgware Road began as an ancient trackway within the Great Middlesex Forest.[6] The Romans later incorporated the track into Watling Street.[6]

Many centuries later, the road was improved by the Edgware-Kilburn turnpike trust in 1711, and a number of the local inns, some of which still exist, functioned as stops for coaches, although they would have been quite close to the starting point of coach routes from London.

During the 18th century, it was a destination for Huguenot migrants.[6] By 1811, Thomas Telford produced a re-design for what was then known as a section of the London to Holyhead road, a redesign considered one of the most important feats of pre-Victorian engineering.;[6] Telford's redesign emerged only a year after the area saw the establishment of Great Britain's first Indian restaurant.[6]

The area began to attract Arab migrants in the late 19th century during a period of increased trade with the Ottoman Empire. The trend continued with the arrival of Egyptians in the 1950s, and greatly expanded beginning in the 1970s and continuing to the present when events including the Lebanese Civil War, the overthrow of the Shah of Iran, and unrest in Algeria brought more Arabs to the area.[6] They established the present-day mix of bars and shisha cafes, which make the area known to Londoners by nicknames such as "Little Cairo"[2][7] and "Little Beirut."[3] These shisha cafés have been hard hit by the enforcement of the England-wide smoking ban in 2007.

One of the two Edgware Road tube stations was one of the sites of the 7 July bombings. A bomb was detonated on a train leaving the tube station serving the Circle, District and Hammersmith & City lines and heading for Paddington tube station. Six people were killed in the blast: Colin Morley, 52, Jennifer Vanda Ann Nicholson, 22, Johnathan Downey, 34, Laura Webb, 29, Michael Brewster, 52, and David Foulkes, 22. The perpetrator was the ringleader of the 7 July bombings, Mohammed Siddique Khan. On the first anniversary of the bombings, a memorial plaque to the victims was unveiled at the station.

Culture[edit]

Sculpture "The Window Cleaner" by Allan Sly outside the tube station.

The southernmost part of the road, south of the junction with Marylebone Road, is noted for its distinct Middle Eastern flavour. Many Lebanese restaurants, shisha cafes and Arabic-themed nightclubs line the street. The Odeon cinema, once the location of the biggest screen in London, often shows films in Arabic.

Edgware Road is rich in ethnic culture, and is in a very central area of London.[8] The area is known for its distinctive and diverse communities from across the Middle East and Africa.

In addition to branches of well-known chains of coffee shops and restaurants, this part of Edgware Road has several Maroush restaurants, a whisky bar and many 24-hour kebab and shawarma restaurants.[citation needed] Nearby is the Church Street Market.

Institutions of note[edit]

The 'Tyburn tree', once the principal site of executions in London
  • A Wetherspoons tavern, The Tyburn, is named after the 'Tyburn tree', once the principal site of execution in London. Today, three golden triangles indicate the location of the tree, at the southernmost end of Edgware Road.
  • A Marriott Hotel is situated to the east of the road on George Street, between Marble Arch and the Marylebone flyover.
  • The Seymour Leisure Centre lies on Seymour Place.
  • The University of London has residences on Brown Street, east of Edgware Road, and in Sussex Gardens and Talbot Square, to its west.
  • The York Building is currently under construction. It will house luxury flats, office space as well as retail area on its ground level.
  • The Comfort Inn Edgware Road is located in a walkable distance from Edgware Road & Marble Arch tube station.
  • The Hilton London Metropole Hotel is located in a walkable distance from both Edgware Road underground stations.
  • The Grosvenor London Victoria Casino is located at 150-162 Edgware Road and is a popular casino for Londoners.
  • The main campus of City of Westminster College is located on Paddington Green, off Edgware Road.

Transport[edit]

A number 16 bus
One of the Edgware Road tube stations

Edgware Road has several London bus routes, and is intersected by several London Underground lines along its length.

A number of schemes have been put forward in the past to construct an Underground railway line underneath Edgware Road, including a plan to extend the Bakerloo line north to Cricklewood and an unusual proposal to build an underground monorail system,[9] but these schemes did not succeed. Today, London Buses provide the only public transport along the length of the road.

National Rail[edit]

Mainline rail stations:

London Underground[edit]

Bus routes[edit]

Night bus N16 is the only route to run the full length of the Edgware Road, from Victoria station to Edgware.

Day bus routes operating over a significant length of Edgware Road are:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Times Online: London high life hit as rich Arabs decamp, retrieved 29/03/07
  2. ^ a b Telegraph: Never talk about what you wear...
  3. ^ a b This Is London: Little Beirut
  4. ^ Anthony, Andrew, "A Kentish Town killing", The Observer, June 18, 2000
  5. ^ Clough, Eric A. and Quarmby, Jacqueline, (1978). A public library service for ethnic minorities in Great Britain, ISBN 978-0-85365-890-0, p.71
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Working for the future of Edgware Road, a 2006 planning document (in PDF format) from the City of Westminster website
  7. ^ Times Online: London high life hit as rich Arabs decamp, retrieved 29 March 2007
  8. ^ BBC: Arabic London, retrieved 7 October 2007
  9. ^ Badsey-Ellis, Antony (2005). London's Lost Tube Schemes. Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-293-3. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°31′00″N 0°09′55″W / 51.5166°N 0.1652°W / 51.5166; -0.1652