Parker in 1953
|Born||Eleanor Jean Parker
June 26, 1922
Cedarville, Ohio, United States
|Spouse(s)||Fred Losee (1943–1944; divorced)
Bert E. Friedlob (1946–1953; divorced; 3 children)
Paul Clemens (1954–1965; divorced; 1 child)
Raymond Hirsch (1966–2001; his death)
|Children||Susan Eleanor Friedlob
Sharon Anne Friedlob
Richard Parker Friedlob
Paul Day Clemens
Eleanor Jean Parker (born June 26, 1922) is an American actress. Her versatility led to her being dubbed Woman of a Thousand Faces, the title of her biography by Doug McClelland.
Early life 
Eleanor Jean Parker was born in Cedarville, Ohio. At an early age, her family moved to East Cleveland, Ohio, and she attended public schools. She is a graduate of Shaw High School. After high school, at the age of 18, she was signed by Warner Brothers in 1941. She would have made her debut that year in the film They Died with Their Boots On, but her scenes were cut. Her actual film debut was as nurse Ryan in Soldiers in White in 1942.
By 1946, Parker had starred in Between Two Worlds, Hollywood Canteen, Pride of the Marines, Never Say Goodbye, and played Mildred in the remake of Of Human Bondage. She broke the champagne bottle on the nose of the California Zephyr train, to mark its inaugural journey from San Francisco on March 19, 1949.
In 1950, she received the first of three nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actress for Caged, in which she played a prison inmate. For this role, she won the 1950 Volpi Cup for Best Actress at the Venice Film Festival. She was also nominated for the Oscar in 1951 for her performance as Kirk Douglas's wife in Detective Story and again in 1955 for her portrayal of opera singer Marjorie Lawrence in the Oscar-winning biopic Interrupted Melody. She followed Detective Story by playing a fiery actress in love with Stewart Granger's swashbuckling nobleman in Scaramouche. Parker then starred with Charlton Heston as a 1900s mail-order bride in George Pal's The Naked Jungle.
That same year, Parker appeared in Otto Preminger's film adaptation of the National Book Award-winner The Man with the Golden Arm, playing Zosh, the supposedly invalid wife of heroin-addicted, would-be jazz drummer Frankie Machine (Frank Sinatra). In 1956, she was billed above the title with Clark Gable for the Raoul Walsh-directed Western comedy The King and Four Queens. A year later, she starred in another W. Somerset Maugham novel, a remake of The Painted Veil in the role originated by Greta Garbo, released as The Seventh Sin. She also appeared in Home from the Hill, A Hole in the Head with Frank Sinatra, and Return to Peyton Place.
She was also an adept comedienne. In 1951's Millionaire for Christy, opposite Fred MacMurray, she played a secretary sent to notify a man that he has inherited $2 million.
In 1966, she played an alcoholic widow in Warning Shot, a love-starved talent scout in the all-star but unsuccessful The Oscar and a rich, alcoholic, estranged wife in An American Dream. From then on, her big screen roles were fewer, and television would occupy more of her energies.
In 1963, Parker appeared in the NBC medical drama about psychiatry The Eleventh Hour in the episode "Why Am I Grown So Cold?" for which she was nominated for an Emmy Award as Outstanding Single Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role. In 1964, she appeared in the episode "A Land More Cruel" on the ABC drama about psychiatry, Breaking Point. In 1968, she portrayed a sultry spy in How to Steal the World—a film originally shown as a two-part episode on NBC's The Man from U.N.C.L.E..
In 1969-70, Parker starred in the television series Bracken's World, for which she was nominated for a 1970 Golden Globe Award as Best TV Actress - Drama. She also appeared in the Ghost Story episode "Half a Death" (1973), a suspense-thriller about a wealthy matron reconciling the lives of her two daughters.
Parker has also starred in a number of theatrical productions, including the Lauren Bacall role in musical Applause. In 1976, she played Maxine in the Ahmanson Theater revival of The Night of the Iguana, but quit the Circle in the Square Theatre revival of Pal Joey during previews. She wrote the preface to the book How Your Mind Can Keep You Well, a meditation technique developed by Roy Masters. She has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6340 Hollywood Boulevard.
Personal life 
Parker has been married four times. She first wed Fred Losee in 1943, but the union was brief, ending in 1944. She then married Bert E Friedlob in 1946, divorcing him in 1953. They had three children together. She had a son, Paul, with her third husband, American portrait painter Paul Clemens; she and Clemens married in 1954 and divorced in 1965.
The following year, she married Raymond Hirsch and was widowed on September 14, 2001 when he succumbed to esophogeal cancer. Parker was raised a Protestant and later converted to Judaism, telling New York Daily News columnist Kay Gardella in August 1969: "I think we're all Jews at heart... I wanted to convert for a long time."
Academy Award nominations 
- They Died with Their Boots On (1941) (scenes deleted)
- The Big Shot (1942) (voice only)
- Busses Roar (1942)
- The Mysterious Doctor (1943)
- Mission to Moscow (1943)
- Destination Tokyo (1943) (voice only)
- Between Two Worlds (1944)
- Atlantic City (1944)
- Crime by Night (1944)
- The Last Ride (1944)
- The Very Thought of You (1944)
- Hollywood Canteen (1944) (Cameo)
- Pride of the Marines (1945)
- Of Human Bondage (1946)
- Never Say Goodbye (1946)
- Escape Me Never (1947)
- Always Together (1947) (Cameo)
- The Voice of the Turtle (1947)
- The Woman in White (1948)
- It's a Great Feeling (1949) (Cameo)
- Chain Lightning (1950)
- Caged (1950)
- Three Secrets (1950)
- Valentino (1951)
- A Millionaire for Christy (1951)
- Detective Story (1951)
- Scaramouche (1952)
- Above and Beyond (1952)
- Escape from Fort Bravo (1953)
- The Naked Jungle (1954)
- Valley of the Kings (1954)
- Many Rivers to Cross (1955) Role: Mary Stuart Cherne
- Interrupted Melody (1955)
- The Man with the Golden Arm (1955)
- The King and Four Queens (1956)
- Lizzie (1957)
- The Seventh Sin (1957)
- A Hole in the Head (1959)
- Home from the Hill (1960)
- Return to Peyton Place (1961)
- Madison Avenue (1962)
- Panic Button (1964)
- The Sound of Music (1965)
- The Oscar (1966)
- An American Dream (1966)
- Warning Shot (1967)
- The Tiger and the Pussycat (1967)
- Eye of the Cat (1969)
- Hans Brinker (1969)
- Sunburn (1979)
- Short subjects
- Soldiers in White (1942)
- Men of the Sky (1942)
- Vaudeville Days (1942)
- Eleanor Parker at the Internet Movie Database
- Eleanor Parker at the TCM Movie Database
- Eleanor Parker photographs and literature
- Eleanor Parker at GlamourGirlsoftheSilverScreen.com