Parker in 1953
|Born||Eleanor Jean Parker
June 26, 1922
Cedarville, Ohio, United States
|Spouse(s)||Fred Losee (1943–1944; divorced)
Bert E. Friedlob (1946–1953; divorced; 3 children)
Paul Clemens (1954–1965; divorced; 1 child)
Raymond Hirsch (1966–2001; his death; 1 child)
|Children||Susan Eleanor Friedlob
Sharon Anne Friedlob
Richard Parker Friedlob
Paul Day Clemens
Eleanor Jean Parker (born June 26, 1922) is an American actress. Her versatility led to her being dubbed Woman of a Thousand Faces, the title of her biography by Doug McClelland.
Eleanor Jean Parker was born in Cedarville, Ohio. At an early age, her family moved to East Cleveland, Ohio, and she attended public schools. She is a graduate of Shaw High School. After high school, at the age of 18, she was signed by Warner Brothers in 1941. She would have made her debut that year in the film They Died with Their Boots On, but her scenes were cut. Her actual film debut was as nurse Ryan in Soldiers in White in 1942.
By 1946, Parker had starred in Between Two Worlds, Hollywood Canteen, Pride of the Marines, Never Say Goodbye, and played Mildred in the remake of Of Human Bondage. She broke the champagne bottle on the nose of the California Zephyr train, to mark its inaugural journey from San Francisco on March 19, 1949.
In 1950, she received the first of three nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actress for Caged, in which she played a prison inmate. For this role, she won the 1950 Volpi Cup for Best Actress at the Venice Film Festival. She was also nominated for the Oscar in 1951 for her performance as Kirk Douglas's wife in Detective Story and again in 1955 for her portrayal of opera singer Marjorie Lawrence in the Oscar-winning biopic Interrupted Melody. She followed Detective Story by playing a fiery actress in love with Stewart Granger's swashbuckling nobleman in Scaramouche. Parker then starred with Charlton Heston as a 1900s mail-order bride in George Pal's The Naked Jungle.
That same year, Parker appeared in Otto Preminger's film adaptation of the National Book Award-winner The Man with the Golden Arm, playing Zosh, the supposedly invalid wife of heroin-addicted, would-be jazz drummer Frankie Machine (Frank Sinatra). In 1956, she was billed above the title with Clark Gable for the Raoul Walsh-directed Western comedy The King and Four Queens. A year later, she starred in another W. Somerset Maugham novel, a remake of The Painted Veil in the role originated by Greta Garbo, released as The Seventh Sin. She also appeared in Home from the Hill, A Hole in the Head with Frank Sinatra, and Return to Peyton Place.
She was also an adept comedienne. In 1951's Millionaire for Christy, opposite Fred MacMurray, she played a secretary sent to notify a man that he has inherited $2 million.
In 1966, she played an alcoholic widow in Warning Shot, a love-starved talent scout in the all-star but unsuccessful The Oscar and a rich, alcoholic, estranged wife in An American Dream. From then on, her big screen roles were fewer, and television would occupy more of her energies.
In 1963, Parker appeared in the NBC medical drama about psychiatry The Eleventh Hour in the episode "Why Am I Grown So Cold?" for which she was nominated for an Emmy Award as Outstanding Single Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role. In 1964, she appeared in the episode "A Land More Cruel" on the ABC drama about psychiatry, Breaking Point. In 1968, she portrayed a sultry spy in How to Steal the World—a film originally shown as a two-part episode on NBC's The Man from U.N.C.L.E..
In 1969-70, Parker starred in the television series Bracken's World, for which she was nominated for a 1970 Golden Globe Award as Best TV Actress - Drama. She also appeared in the Ghost Story episode "Half a Death" (1973), a suspense-thriller about a wealthy matron reconciling the lives of her two daughters.
Parker has also starred in a number of theatrical productions, including the Lauren Bacall role in musical Applause. In 1976, she played Maxine in the Ahmanson Theater revival of The Night of the Iguana, but quit the Circle in the Square Theatre revival of Pal Joey during previews. She wrote the preface to the book How Your Mind Can Keep You Well, a meditation technique developed by Roy Masters. She has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6340 Hollywood Boulevard.
Parker has been married four times.
- Lord Fred Losee: married in 1943, divorcing in 1944
- Bert E. Friedlob: married in 1946, divorced in 1953. With Friedlob had three children.
- Paul Clemmens, American portrait painter: married in 1954, divorced in 1965. One son with Clemmens, actor Paul Clemmens.
- Raymond Hirsch: married in 1966, was widowed on September 14, 2001 when he succumbed to esophogeal cancer.
She is also grandmother of former child actor Chase Parker.
Parker was raised a Protestant and later converted to Judaism, telling New York Daily News columnist Kay Gardella in August 1969: "I think we're all Jews at heart... I wanted to convert for a long time."
Academy Award nominations
|1941||They Died with Their Boots On||Bit Part||(scenes deleted)|
|1942||The Big Shot||Telephone Operator|
|Busses Roar (1942)||Norma|
|Soldiers in White||Nurse Ryan||short subject|
|Men of the Sky (1942)||Mrs. Frank Bickley||short subject|
|Vaudeville Days (1942)||Colleen||uncredited
|1943||The Mysterious Doctor||Letty Carstairs|
|Mission to Moscow||Emlen Davies|
|Destination Tokyo||Mike's Wife on Record (voice)||uncredited|
|1944||Between Two Worlds||Ann Bergner|
|Atlantic City||Bathing Beauty||uncredited|
|Crime by Night||Irene Carr|
|The Last Ride (1944)||Kitty Kelly|
|The Very Thought of You||Janet Wheeler|
|1945||Pride of the Marines||Ruth Hartley|
|1946||Of Human Bondage||Mildred Rogers|
|Never Say Goodbye||Ellen Gayley|
|1947||Escape Me Never||Fenella MacLean|
|The Voice of the Turtle||Sally Middleton|
|1948||The Woman in White||Laurie Fairlie
|1949||It's a Great Feeling (1949)||Herself||cameo|
|1950||Chain Lightning||Joan "Jo" Holloway|
|Caged||Marie Allen||Volpi Cup
Nominated-Academy Award for Best Actress
|Three Secrets||Susan Adele Connors Chase|
|A Millionaire for Christy||Christabel "Christy" Sloane|
|Detective Story||Mary McLeod||Nominated-Academy Award for Best Actress|
|Above and Beyond||Lucey Tibbets|
|1953||Escape from Fort Bravo||Carla Forester|
|1954||The Naked Jungle||Joanna Leiningen|
|Valley of the Kings||Ann Barclay Mercedes|
|1955||Many Rivers to Cross||Mary Stuart Cherne|
|Interrupted Melody||Marjorie Lawrence||Nominated-Academy Award for Best Actress|
|The Man with the Golden Arm||Zosch Machine|
|1956||The King and Four Queens||Sabina McDade|
|The Seventh Sin||Carol Carwin|
|1959||A Hole in the Head||Eloise Rogers|
|1960||Home from the Hill||Hannah Hunnicutt|
|The Gambler, the Nun, and the Radio||Sister Cecelia|
|1961||Return to Peyton Place||Connie Rossi|
|1962||Madison Avenue||Anne Tremaine|
|Checkmate (TV series)||Marion Bannion
|episode: The Renaissance of Gussie Hill|
|1963||The Eleventh Hour (1962 TV series)||Connie Folsom||episode: Why Am I Grown So Cold?
Nominated- Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Single Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role
|Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre||Fern Selman||episode: Seven Miles of Bad Road|
|1964||Panic Button||Louise Harris|
|Kraft Suspense Theatre||Dorian Smith||episode: Knight's Gambit|
|1965||The Sound of Music||Elsa Schrader/The Baroness|
|Convoy (TV series)||Kate Fowler||episode: Lady on the Rock|
|1966||The Oscar||Sophie Cantaro|
|An American Dream||Deborah Kelly Rojack|
|1967||Warning Shot||Mrs. Doris Ruston|
|The Tiger and the Pussycat||Esperia Vincenzini|
|1968||The Man from U.N.C.L.E.||Margitta Kingsley||episode: The Seven Wonders of the World Affair|
|1969||Eye of the Cat||Aunt Danny|
|Hans Brinker||Dame Brinker|
|Bracken's World||Sylvia Caldwell||episodes 1-16
Nominated-Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Television Series Drama
|1971||Maybe I'll Come Home in the Spring||Claire Miller|
|Vanished (TV movie)||Sue Greer|
|1972||Circle of Fear||Paula Burgess||episode: Half a Death|
|Home for the Holidays (TV movie)||Alex Morgan|
|1973||The Great American Beauty Contest (TV movie)||Peggy Lowery|
|1975||Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (TV movie)||Christine Drayton|
|1978||Hawaii Five-O||Mrs. Kincaid||episode: The Big Aloha|
|The Bastard (TV movie)||Lady Amberly|
|She's Dressed to Kill (TV movie)||Regine Danton|
|1980||Once Upon a Spy (TV movie)||The Lady|
|Vega$||Laurie Bishop||episode: A Deadly Victim|
|1981||Madame X (1981 film)||Katherine Richardson|
|1979-1982||The Love Boat||Alicia Bradbury
|episode: A Dress to Remember
episode: Buddy and Portia's Story/Julie's Story/Carol and Doug's Story/Peter and Alicia's Story
|1977-1983||Fantasy Island||Peggy Atwood
Eunice Hollander Baines
|episode: Nurses Night Out
episode: Yesterday's Love/Fountain of Youth
|1983||Hotel (TV series)||Leslie||episode: The Offer|
|1984||Finder of Lost Loves||Nora Spencer||episode: The Gift|
|1986||Murder, She Wrote||Maggie Tarrow||episode: Stage Struck|
|1991||Dead on the Money (TV movie)||Catherine Blake|
Source: "Eleanor Parker". IMDb. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eleanor Parker.|
- Eleanor Parker at the Internet Movie Database
- Eleanor Parker at the TCM Movie Database
- Eleanor Parker photographs and literature
- Eleanor Parker at GlamourGirlsoftheSilverScreen.com