|Emperor of Japan|
|Born||January 3, 1194|
|Died||November 6, 1231 (aged 37)|
|Buried||Kanegahara no misasagi (Kyoto)|
|Consort||Fujiwara no Reishi|
Tsuchimikado's reign spanned the years from 1198 through 1210.
- Empress (Chūgū): Ōinomikado (Fujiwara) noReiko (大炊御門（藤原）麗子)
- Lady-in-waiting: Tsuchimikado (Minamoto) no Michi-ko (土御門（源）通子)
Events of Tsuchimikado's life
- 1198 (Kenkyū 9, 11th day of the 1st month): In the 15th year of Go-Toba-tennō 's reign (後鳥天皇15年), the emperor abdicated; and the succession (‘‘senso’’) was received by his eldest son.
- 1198 (Kenkyū 9, 3rd month): Emperor Tsuchimikado is said to have acceded to the throne (‘‘sokui’’).
- 1203: Yoritomo's successor as head of the Kamakura shogunate, Minamoto no Yoriie, was assassinated;and former emperor Go-Toba was responsible for good relations with the shogunate when it was headed by Minamoto no Sanetomo from 1203 through 1219.
- 1210: Go-Toba persuaded him Tsuchimikado to abdicate in favor of his younger brother, who would become known as Emperor Juntoku.
- 1231: The former emperor died at age 37.
In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Tsuchimikado's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:
- Sesshō, Konoe Motomichi, 1160–1233.
- Sesshō, Kujō Yoshitsune, 1169–1206.
- Daijō-daijin, Kujō Yoshitsune.
Eras of Tsuchimikado's reign
- Kenkyū (1190–1199)
- Shōji (1199–1201)
- Kennin (1201–1204)
- Genkyū (1204–1206)
- Ken'ei (1206–1207)
- Jōgen (1207–1211)
- Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 土御門天皇 (83)
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, pp. 86–87.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 221–230; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 3339–341; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 220–221.
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 9; Titsingh, p. 221; Brown, p. 339; Varley, p. 220.
- mother of Emperor Go-Saga – see Ponsonby-Fane, p. 20.
- Brown, p.339; Varley, p. 44; n.b., a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
- Titsingh, p.221; Varley, p. 44.
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 87.
- Takekoshi, Yosaburō. (2004). The Economic Aspects of the History of the Civilization of Japan, Volume 1, p. 186; Ponsonby-Fane, p. 87.
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 422.
- Brown, p. 339.
- Titsingh, p. 221; Brown, p. 340.
- Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. 10-ISBN 0-520-03460-0; 13-ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 194887
- Takekoshi, Yosaburō. (1930). The Economic Aspects of the History of the Civilization of Japan. New York: Macmillan. OCLC 13839617. Reprinted by Taylor and Francis, 2003. 10-ISBN ISBN 0415323789/13-ISBN 978-0-415-32378-9
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
- Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki: A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns. New York: Columbia University Press. 10-ISBN 0-231-04940-4; 13-ISBN 978-0-231-04940-5; OCLC 59145842
|Emperor of Japan: