Emperor Go-Nara

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Go-Nara
Nara II
Emperor of Japan
Emperor Go-Nara.jpg
Seated figure of Emperor Go-Nara
Reign June 9, 1526 – September 27, 1557
Born January 26, 1495
Died September 27, 1557 (aged 62)
Buried Fukakusa no kita no Misasagi (Kyoto)
Predecessor Go-Kashiwabara
Successor Ōgimachi

Go-Nara (後奈良天皇 Go-Nara-tennō) (January 26, 1495 – September 27, 1557) was the 105th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from June 9, 1526 until September 27, 1557, during the Sengoku period. His personal name was Tomohito (知仁).[1] In older English literature, he may also be referred to as Nara II.

Genealogy[edit]

He was the second son of Emperor Go-Kashiwabara. His mother was Fujiwara Fujiko (藤原藤子)

  • Court Lady?: Madenokōji (Fujiwara) Eiko (万里小路(藤原)栄子)
    • First daughter: ?
    • First son: Imperial Prince Michihito (方仁親王) (Emperor Ōgimachi)
    • Second daughter: Princess Eiju? (永寿女王)
  • Lady-in-waiting: Takakura (Fujiwara) Kazuko? (高倉(藤原)量子)
    • Fifth daughter: Princess Fukō? (普光女王)
  • Lady-in-waiting: Hirohashi (Fujiwara) Kuniko? (広橋(藤原)国子)
    • Seventh daughter: Princess Seishū (聖秀女王)
  • Consort: Daughter of Mibu (Fujiwara) Harutomi (壬生(藤原)晴富)
    • Second son: kakujyo (覚恕)
    • Third son: ??

Events of Go-Nara's life[edit]

  • Daiei 6, in the 4th month (June 9, 1526): Go-Nara was proclaimed emperor upon the death of his father, Emperor Go-Kashiwabara. He began his reign at age 31.[2]
  • Daiei 6, 7th month (1526): An army from Awa Province marched towards Miyako[disambiguation needed]. Hosokawa Takakuni attacked these forces at the Katsura River, but his forces were unsuccessful. Hosokawa Takakage came to the aid of Takakuni, and their combined forces were successful in stopping the advancing army.[3]
  • Daiei 6, 12th month (1526): Shogun Ashikaga Yoshiharu invited archers from neighboring provinces to come to the capital for an archery contest.[3]
  • Kyōroku gannen or Kyōroku 1 (1528): Former Kampuku Konoe Tanye became Sadaijin. The former Nadaijin Minamoto-no Mitsukoto became Udaijin. Former Dainagon Kiusho Tanemitsu became Nadaijin.[3]
  • Tenbun 5, 26th day of 2nd month (1536): Go-Nara was formally installed as emperor.[4]

The Imperial Court was so impoverished, that a nation-wide appeal for contributions went out. Contributions from the Hōjō clan, the Ōuchi clan, the Imagawa clan, and other great daimyō clans of the Sengoku period allowed the Emperor to carry out the formal coronation ceremonies ten years later.

The Imperial Court's poverty was so extreme, that the Emperor was forced to sell his calligraphy.

  • Kōji 3, 5th day of 9th month (1557): Emperor Go-Nara died at age 62.[5]

Go-Nara is enshrined with other emperors at the imperial tomb called Fukakusa no kita no misasagi (深草北陵) in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto.[6]

Kugyō[edit]

Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.

In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Go-Nara's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:

Eras of Go-Nara's reign[edit]

The years of Go-Nara's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.[8]

Notes[edit]

Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom
  1. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 372–382.
  2. ^ Titsingh, p. 372; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44; n.b., a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
  3. ^ a b c Titsingh, p. 373.
  4. ^ Titsingh, p. 374.
  5. ^ Titsingh, p. 382.
  6. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 423.
  7. ^ Citation based on 近衛前久, retrieved from the Japanese Wikipedia on July 14, 2007.
  8. ^ Titsingh, p. 372.

References[edit]

See also[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Go-Kashiwabara
Emperor of Japan:
Go-Nara

1526–1557
Succeeded by
Emperor Ōgimachi