Eure

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Eure
Department
Coat of arms of Eure
Coat of arms
Location of Eure in France
Location of Eure in France
Coordinates: 49°5′N 1°0′E / 49.083°N 1.000°E / 49.083; 1.000Coordinates: 49°5′N 1°0′E / 49.083°N 1.000°E / 49.083; 1.000
Country France
Region Upper Normandy
Prefecture Évreux
Subprefectures Les Andelys
Bernay
Government
 • President of the General Council Jean-Louis Destans (PS)
Area1
 • Total 6,040 km2 (2,330 sq mi)
Population (1999)
 • Total 541,054
 • Rank 44th
 • Density 90/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Department number 27
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 43
Communes 675
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Eure (French pronunciation: ​[œʁ]) is a department in the north of France named after the river Eure.

History[edit]

Eure is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Normandy.

After the allied victory at Waterloo, Eure was occupied by Prussian troops between June 1815 and November 1818.

In the wake of Louis-Napoléons December coup of 1851, Eure was one of the departments placed under a state of emergency in order to avert resistance to the post-republican régime. In the event fewer than 100 government opponents in Eure were arrested.[1]

Geography[edit]

Eure is part of the current region of Upper Normandy and is surrounded by the departments of Seine-Maritime, Oise, Val-d'Oise, Yvelines, Eure-et-Loir, Orne, and Calvados.

The department is a largely wooded plateau intersected by the valleys of the Seine River and its tributaries.

The altitude varies from sea level in the north to 248 metres above it in the south.

Politics[edit]

The President of the General Council is Jean-Louis Destans of the Socialist Party.

Party seats
Socialist Party 12
Union for a Popular Movement 11
Miscellaneous Left 7
French Communist Party 4
Miscellaneous Right 4
New Centre 3
Left Radical Party 2

Tourism[edit]

The main tourist attraction is Giverny (4 km (2.49 mi) from Vernon) where Claude Monet's house and garden can be seen, as well as other places of interest (see Websites, below).

The Abbey of Bec and the Château-Gaillard near Les Andelys are other important tourist attractions.

The Château of Buisson de May was built by the royal architect Jacques Denis Antoine from 1781 to 1783.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Sources and further reading[edit]

  1. ^ Jacques Olivier Boudon, Les Bonaparte : regards sur la France impériale. La Documentation photographique, dossier 8073, janvier-février 2010, p. 11 (carte de Gilles Pécout)