Abu-t-Tahir Ibn Ibrahim Majd ud-Din ul-Fairuzabadi, (also known as El-Firuz Abadi or al-Firuzabadi) (1329–1414) was an Arabic lexicographer and was the author of a comprehensive Arabic dictionary. The dictionary was one of the most widely used in Arabic for centuries until the 20th century.
He was born at Kazerun (in modern Iran) and educated in Shiraz, Wasit, Baghdad and Damascus. He lived in Jerusalem for ten years and then travelled in western Asia and Egypt, before settling in Mecca in 1368. He remained there for the bulk of the next three decades, spending some time in Delhi in the 1380s, and finally leaving Mecca in the mid-1390s to return to Baghdad, Shiraz (where he was received by Timur), and finally travelling to Ta'izz in modern Yemen. In 1395, he was appointed chief qadi (judge) of Yemen and married a daughter of the sultan.
During the later years of his life, Fairuzabadi converted his house at Mecca into a school of Maliki law and established three teachers in it. He also wrote a huge lexicographical work uniting the dictionaries of Ibn Sida, a Spanish philologist (d. 1066), and of Sajani (d. 1252).
An abridgement of this last work was published as Al-Qamus Al-Muhit (Arabic: قاموس المحيط) ("Comprehensive Dictionary") and has over the centuries itself served as the basis of some later dictionaries. Al Fairuzabadi's work Al Qamus al Muhit gained popularity in the Arabic world, and one of the greates lexicographers Al Zabidi authored an explanation on it. Zabidi was born in India, he got education from Shah Waliullah Dehlawi in Delhi, he visited rab countries as: Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Egypt, Palestine, etc., and settled in Zabid in Yamen so called ZABIDI. His commentary on Al qamus is known as "TAJ AL ARUS MIN JAHIR AL QAMUS" first published in Egypt and from Kuwait and Berut.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.