Al-Daraqutni

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Al-Daraqutni
الدارقطني
Title Amir al-Mu'minin fi al-Hadith
Born 306 A.H.
Baghdad
Died 385 A.H.
Occupation Muhaddith, Hadith compiler, Islamic scholar
Denomination Sunni
Jurisprudence Shafi'i[1]
Main interest(s) Hadith studies
Notable work(s) Kitab al-Sunan

Abu l-Hasan ′Ali ibn ′Umar ibn Ahmad ibn Mahdi ibn Mas′ud ibn al-Nu′man ibn Dinar ibn ′Abdullah al-Baghdadi al-Daraqutni (918 CE/306 AH, Baghdad — 995 CE/385 AH) was an eminent Muslim scholar and muhaddith (collector of hadiths).

Ad-Daraqutni was born in the year 918 (306 according to the Muslim calendar) in the Dar al-Qutn quarter of Baghdad (Arabic: دار القطن‎), where he got his nisba al-Daraqutni. Since childhood, he studied with Abul-Qasim al-Baghawi, Abu Bakr ibn Abu Dawud, Abu Bakr ibn Ziyad al-Naysaburi, Abu Ubaid al-Qasim (his brother) and many other scholars.

His learning was so wide that many scholars felt there was no one like him. Khatib al-Baghdadi referred to him as "the imam of his time" and Abu'1-Tayyib al-Tabarl (d. 450/1058) called him Amir al-Mu*minln in Hadith for which he was specially famous. He taught Hadith to Hakim al-Nishaburi (d.405/1014) and Abu'l-Hasan Isfaraini (d. 406/1015).[5]

He died in 385/995 and was buried in the cemetery of Bab al-Dayr near the grave of Maruf Karkhi.[6]

His works[edit]

Among other works, Al-Daraqutni has written the following:

  • “Sunan al-Daraqutni”
  • “al-Mutalif wa-l-Mukhtalif”
  • “Ilal al-Hadith”
  • “at-Tatabbu′”

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brown, Jonathan (2013). The Canonization of al-Bukhari and Muslim: The Formation and Function of the Sunni Hadith Canon (Islamic History and Civilization). Brill. p. 138. ISBN 9004158391. 
  2. ^ Lewis, B.; Pellat, Ch.; Schacht, J. (1991) [1st. pub. 1965]. Encyclopaedia of Islam (New Edition). Volume I (C-G). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 136. ISBN 9004070265. 
  3. ^ Lewis, B.; Pellat, Ch.; Schacht, J. (1991) [1st. pub. 1965]. Encyclopaedia of Islam (New Edition). Volume I (C-G). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 136. ISBN 9004070265. 
  4. ^ Lewis, B.; Pellat, Ch.; Schacht, J. (1991) [1st. pub. 1965]. Encyclopaedia of Islam (New Edition). Volume I (C-G). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 136. ISBN 9004070265. 
  5. ^ Lewis, B.; Pellat, Ch.; Schacht, J. (1991) [1st. pub. 1965]. Encyclopaedia of Islam (New Edition). Volume I (C-G). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 136. ISBN 9004070265. 
  6. ^ Lewis, B.; Pellat, Ch.; Schacht, J. (1991) [1st. pub. 1965]. Encyclopaedia of Islam (New Edition). Volume I (C-G). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 136. ISBN 9004070265.