FDR with Fala at Warm Springs, Georgia
|Other appellation(s)||Murray the Outlaw of Falahill (full name)|
April 7, 1940
|Died||April 5, 1952(aged 11)|
|Owner||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|Named after||John Murray of Falahill|
Fala (April 7, 1940 – April 5, 1952), a Scottish terrier, was the dog of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. One of the most famous presidential pets, Fala captured the attention of the public in the United States and followed Roosevelt everywhere, becoming part of his public image. Given to the Roosevelts by a cousin, Fala knew how to perform tricks; his White House antics were widely covered in the media and often referenced both by Roosevelt and his wife, Eleanor Roosevelt. Fala survived Roosevelt by seven years and was buried beside him. A statue of him alongside Roosevelt is prominently featured in Washington, D.C.'s Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial, the only presidential pet so honored. Another statue of him has been placed at Puerto Rico's "Paseo de los Presidentes" in San Juan.
Fala was born on April 7, 1940. He was given as an early Christmas gift to Roosevelt from his cousin, Margaret "Daisy" Suckley.:200 As a puppy, Fala was given obedience training by Suckley, who taught him to sit, roll over, and jump. His original name was Big Boy; Roosevelt renamed him Murray the Outlaw of Falahill after John Murray of Falahill, a famous Scottish ancestor. This was later shortened to "Fala".
Fala was taken to the hospital after a few weeks at the White House for intestinal issues. Roosevelt discovered that Fala had found his way to the kitchen, and was being overfed. Roosevelt issued an order to the staff that Fala would henceforth only be fed by the president himself.:200
White House years
Fala moved into the White House on November 10, 1940, and spent most of his time there until Roosevelt's death in April 1945. Fala also traveled with Roosevelt to his home (Springwood) in Hyde Park, New York, and to Warm Springs, Georgia, where Roosevelt received treatment for his polio-induced paralysis.
An MGM film about a typical day in the White House featured Fala. Fala also became an honorary private in the U.S. Army by "contributing" $1 to the war effort for every day of the year and setting an example for others on the home front. During the Battle of the Bulge, American soldiers asked one another the name of the President's dog, expecting the answer "Fala," as a supplementary safeguard against German soldiers attempting to infiltrate American ranks.
Fala often accompanied Roosevelt to important events; he traveled on Sacred Cow, the president's airplane, and the Ferdinand Magellan, Roosevelt's custom-made train car, as well as by ship. He was with Roosevelt at the Atlantic Charter Conference, Quebec, and the meeting with President Manuel Ávila Camacho of Mexico in Monterrey.
In 1943, Fala was the subject of a short series of political cartoons by Alan Foster titled "Mr. Fala of the White House". In the 1943 romantic comedy Princess O'Rourke, Fala was played by Whiskers.
On September 23, 1944, Roosevelt opened the 1944 presidential campaign in Washington, D.C., speaking at a dinner with the International Teamsters Union. The half-hour speech was also broadcast on all U.S. radio networks. In the speech, Roosevelt attacked Republican opponents in Congress and detailed their attacks on him. Late in the speech, Roosevelt addressed Republican charges that he had accidentally left Fala behind on the Aleutian Islands while on tour there and had sent a U.S. Navy destroyer to retrieve him at an exorbitant cost to the taxpayers:
These Republican leaders have not been content with attacks on me, or my wife, or on my sons. No, not content with that, they now include my little dog, Fala. Well, of course, I don't resent attacks, and my family don't resent attacks, but Fala does resent them. You know, Fala is Scotch, and being a Scottie, as soon as he learned that the Republican fiction writers in Congress and out had concocted a story that I'd left him behind on an Aleutian island and had sent a destroyer back to find him—at a cost to the taxpayers of two or three, or eight or twenty million dollars—his Scotch soul was furious. He has not been the same dog since. I am accustomed to hearing malicious falsehoods about myself ... But I think I have a right to resent, to object, to libelous statements about my dog.
The idea of turning the Republican charges into a joke was that of Orson Welles.:292–293 Campaigning extensively for Roosevelt, Welles occasionally sent him ideas and phrases that were sometimes incorporated into what Welles characterized as "less important speeches".:374 One of these was the "Fala speech". Welles ad-libbed the Fala joke for the president, who was so delighted that he had a final version written into the speech by his staff. After the broadcast Roosevelt asked Welles, "How did I do? Was my timing right?":292–293
"The audience went wild, laughing and cheering and calling for more," wrote historian Doris Kearns Goodwin. "And the laughter carried beyond the banquet hall; it reverberated in living rooms and kitchens throughout the country, where people were listening to the speech on their radios. The Fala bit was so funny, one reporter observed, that 'even the stoniest of Republican faces cracked a smile.'":548
After Roosevelt's death
In the minutes after President Roosevelt died at Warm Springs, Georgia, Fala behaved very strangely. FDR biographer Jim Bishop wrote about the death scene: "… a snapping, snarling series of barks was heard. No one had paid any attention to Fala. He had been dozing in a corner of the room. For a reason beyond understanding, he ran directly for the front screen door and bashed his black head against it. The screen broke and he crawled through and ran snapping and barking up into the hills. There, Secret Service men could see him, standing alone, unmoving, on an eminence. This led to the quiet question: 'Do dogs really know?'" 
Fala attended Roosevelt's funeral:615 and went to live with the widowed Eleanor Roosevelt at Val-Kill.:620 She took great pleasure in Fala's company, and the two became inseparable companions.:620 She often mentioned Fala in her newspaper column, "My Day", and wrote of him in her autobiography:
It was Fala, my husband's little dog, who never really readjusted. Once, in 1945, when General Eisenhower came to lay a wreath on Franklin's grave, the gates of the regular driveway were opened and his automobile approached the house accompanied by the wailing of the sirens of a police escort. When Fala heard the sirens, his legs straightened out, his ears pricked up and I knew that he expected to see his master coming down the drive as he had come so many times. Later, when we were living in the cottage, Fala always lay near the dining-room door where he could watch both entrances just as he did when his master was there. Franklin would often decide suddenly to go somewhere and Fala had to watch both entrances in order to be ready to spring up and join the party on short notice. Fala accepted me after my husband's death, but I was just someone to put up with until the master should return.:287–288
In November 1945 Fala was hospitalized for a week after being attacked at the family's Hyde Park estate by Elliott Roosevelt's 135-pound bull mastiff, Blaze. Fala had been staying with Margaret Suckley and visited Hyde Park. He was on a leash when the larger dog jumped on him, slashing his back and right eye. The attack ended when someone struck Blaze with a rock and dazed him. Blaze was euthanized as a precaution against future attacks, and tested negative for rabies.
A statue of Fala beside Roosevelt is prominently featured in the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial in Washington, D.C. Fala is the only presidential pet so honored. Another statue of him has been placed at Puerto Rico's "Paseo de los Presidentes" in San Juan.
- William Edward Leuchtenburg, In the Shadow of FDR: From Harry Truman to George W. Bush, Cornell University Press, 2001, p. 183. ISBN 0-8014-8737-4.
- Goodwin, Doris Kearns (1995). No Ordinary Time. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 9780684804484.
- "Biography of Fala D. Roosevelt". Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library. Archived from the original on 7 December 2012. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
- Video: Allies Win Sea, Air Battle In Fight For Africa (1944). Universal Newsreel. 1944. Retrieved February 21, 2012.
- Charles MacDonald, A Time for Trumpets: The Untold Story of the Battle of the Bulge. New York: Harper Perennial, 1997, p. 226. ISBN 0-688-15157-4
- "FDR Preparing Radio Address". The Miami News (United Press), September 21, 1944. Retrieved 2014-06-03.
- "1944 Radio News, 1944-09-23 FDR Teamsters Union Address – Fala (27:45–30:08)". Internet Archive. Retrieved 2014-06-02.
- Leaming, Barbara (1985). Orson Welles: A Biography. New York: Viking. ISBN 0-670-52895-1.
- Brady, Frank (1989). Citizen Welles: A Biography of Orson Welles. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. ISBN 0-385-26759-2.
- Bishop, Jim, FDR's Last Year. New York: William Morrow, 1974, pp. 590–591.
- Roosevelt, Eleanor, The Autobiography of Eleanor Roosevelt. New York: Da Capo Press, 1992
- "Fala In Hospital After Run In With Bulldog". The Daily Mail (Associated Press). November 29, 1945.
- "Elliott's Blaze Destroyed for Attack on Fala". The Daily Register (United Press). November 30, 1945.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to:|
- Recording of the Fala speech
- Artists for FDR, blog post presenting selections from the 1944 pamphlet, The President's Speech, with illustrations by Crockett Johnson, Syd Hoff, Hugo Gellert and 16 others from the Independent Voters' Committee of the Arts and Sciences for Roosevelt
- IMDB profile of Whiskers, Fala's movie stand-in in Princess O'Rourke (1943)