1932 Democratic National Convention
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|1932 Presidential Election|
Roosevelt and Garner
|Date(s)||June 27 - July 2|
|Presidential Nominee||Franklin D. Roosevelt of New York|
|Vice Presidential Nominee||John N. Garner of Texas|
The 1932 Democratic National Convention was held in Chicago, Illinois from June 27 - July 2, 1932. The convention resulted in the nomination of Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt of New York for President and Speaker of the House John N. Garner from Texas for Vice President. Beulah Rebecca Hooks Hannah Tingley was a member of the Democratic National Committee and Chair of the Democratic Party of Florida. She seconded the nomination of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, becoming the first woman to address a Democratic National Convention.
The three major contenders for the presidential nomination were Roosevelt, Garner and former governor of New York and 1928 presidential candidate, Al Smith. They roughly represented three competing factions of the Democratic Party. Smith was supported by the Tammany Hall machine in New York City, and had many supporters in the Democratic National Committee, as well as in Chicago. Chicago Mayor Anton Cermak packed the hall with Smith supporters.
Roosevelt was supported by a solid majority of the delegates, and had the support of Senators Burton Wheeler, Cordell Hull, Alben Barkley, and Huey Long, who held the Deep South for Roosevelt. The new Democratic coalition would begin at this convention: Roosevelt brought into the Democratic fold western progressives, ethnic minorities, rural farmers, and intellectuals.
Garner had support from newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst and Senator William Gibbs McAdoo. He was never a serious threat, and never bothered to campaign for the position. However, the faction that supported Garner was important because it could break a potential deadlock between Smith and Roosevelt.
After three ballots, Roosevelt had not secured the two-thirds vote necessary for the nomination. At this point, Smith believed the delegates were anxious about a deadlocked convention, and attempted to stampede all the delegates' votes toward his surrogate, Cleveland Mayor Newton D. Baker. The stalemate lingered for several days[dubious ], however, until a late night call was made by leading Democrat Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr.(then a Roosevelt supporter) to Hearst. Kennedy reminded Hearst that if the convention continued in the same way, Smith or Baker would be nominated, two people who embodied all the political beliefs diametrically opposed to Hearst's own. Kennedy managed to convince Hearst to notify Garner to bow out of the race, and to support Roosevelt. When McAdoo learned of this decision, he threw California's delegates to Roosevelt, and the other states fell in line behind Roosevelt.
|Presidential Balloting, DNC 1932|
|Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt||666.25||677.75||682.79||945|
|Former Gov. Al Smith||201.75||194.25||190.25||190.25|
|Former Mayor Newton D. Baker||8.5||8||8.5||5.5|
|Gov. Albert Ritchie||21||23.5||23.5||3.5|
|Governor George White||52||50.5||52.5||3|
|Former Gov. James M. Cox||-||-||-||1|
|Speaker of the U.S. House John Nance Garner||90.25||90.25||101.25||-|
|Melvin Alvah Traylor||42.25||40.25||40.25||-|
|Sen. James A. Reed||24||18||27.5||-|
|Former Gov. Harry F. Byrd||25||24||24.96||-|
|Gov. William "Alfalfa Bill" Murray||23||-||-||-|
In his acceptance speech, Roosevelt broke tradition and established the precedent of formally accepting the nomination in person at the convention. In his speech, he pledged "a new deal for the American people."
See also 
- 1932 Republican National Convention
- United States presidential election, 1932
- Democratic National Convention
- Happy Days Are Here Again
|Democratic National Conventions||Succeeded by
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