First Unitarian Church of Philadelphia

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First Unitarian Church
First Unitarian Church of Philadelphia is located in Pennsylvania
First Unitarian Church of Philadelphia
Location 2125 Chestnut St.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Coordinates 39°57′8.67″N 75°10′36.8″W / 39.9524083°N 75.176889°W / 39.9524083; -75.176889Coordinates: 39°57′8.67″N 75°10′36.8″W / 39.9524083°N 75.176889°W / 39.9524083; -75.176889
Built 1886
Architect Frank Furness
Architectural style Gothic, Other
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 71000724[1]
Added to NRHP May 27, 1971

The First Unitarian Church of Philadelphia is a Unitarian Universalist congregation located at 2125 Chestnut Street in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. As a regional Community Center it sponsors cultural, educational, civic, wellness and spiritual activities.

On June 12, 1796, twenty of Philadelphia's intellectual leaders formed the First Unitarian Society of Philadelphia, becoming the first continuously functioning church in the country to name itself "Unitarian". The founders were directed and encouraged by the Unitarian minister Joseph Priestley, and its first settled minister was the Rev. Dr. William Henry Furness.

William Henry Furness[edit]

The small but growing congregation was lay-led until 1825, when Rev. Dr. William Henry Furness was persuaded to serve as the first minister at the age of 22. Starting in the 1830s, Furness became one of the few abolitionist ministers in the city, known for his anti-slave sermons and Underground Railroad activities. His speeches were so impassioned that both he and the congregation feared reprisals from Southern sympathizers, so several members of the church quietly armed themselves and watched over the pulpit on Sundays. His attacks on the Fugitive Slave Law drew discussion in one of President Buchanan's cabinet meetings of indicting the minister for treason.[citation needed] Furness served as minister for 50 years, and remained involved in the church until his death in 1898.

Architecture[edit]

1886 drawing of the 3rd building. Note the pyramidal porte cochere in the foreground.
Same view in 2010. The porte cochere was removed in the early 20th century.

First building[edit]

The Octagon Building (begun March 1812, dedicated February 14, 1813): The first church building, located at the northeast corner of 10th & Locust, was designed by Robert Mills, thought to be the first native American to be trained primarily as an architect. Its octagonal shape was unusual for Philadelphia, however it followed the pattern of Unitarian churches in England. These typically used an octagon design in a symbolic move away from the traditional cross-shaped floor plans of orthodox Christian churches. The construction cost was approximately $25,000 at the time and seated 300 people.

Second building[edit]

The Doric Building (dedicated November 5, 1828): Desiring a larger and more elegant building to reflect the growth of the congregation, church members voted to construct yet another facility. Using the same location (10th & Locust), the cornerstone of the "Doric Building" was laid on March 24, 1828. Designed by William Strickland, this building was described in contemporary books as one of the most outstanding churches in the city. Dedicated on November 5, 1828, this remained the congregation's worship space until moving to the present site at 2125 Chestnut Street in 1885.

Third building[edit]

Frank Furness, the architect of The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and son of the Church's first minister, designed the current church building. Begun in 1883, dedicated in 1885, and completed in 1886, the sanctuary features a hammer-beam ceiling, painted rust red and stenciled with gold-leaf daffodils, which is complemented by blue walls. The church's stained glass windows are by Louis Tiffany & Co. and John La Farge. Later additions include a concert-grade Casavant pipe organ with 3 manuals and 50 ranks. In addition to the sanctuary, the building also contains a basement level housing Griffin Hall, which includes a stage and commercial-size kitchen. The rear portion of the building contains the Parish Room for meetings, and a smaller chapel. The mezzanine and 3rd floors contain a variety of offices, meeting rooms, storage, and daycare facilities.

Notable members[edit]

Frances Ellen Watkins Harper, the first woman of African descent to have her writings published in the United States, was a member of First Church from 1870 until her death in 1911. She is best known for her fiction and poetry, but was also a political activist and lecturer who promoted, civil rights, temperance, and women's rights.

Laura Matilda Towne, was one of the first Northern women to go south to work with freed slaves. Towne opened the Penn School, the first school for freedmen, while the Civil War was raging. Unlike most of those who went south at the time, Laura Towne made a life for herself on St. Helena Island, South Carolina, and ran the Penn School until her death in 1901.

Kevin Bacon was raised at the First Unitarian Church of Philadelphia and had his first acting debut in a holiday pageant.

Notable events[edit]

The day after John Brown was executed his body was greeted by William Henry Furness in Philadelphia for a private vigil before heading to North Elba, New York where Brown is buried.

When Martin Luther King Jr. was a seminary student in nearby Chester, he attended a lecture about how Mohandas K. Gandhi integrated Henry David Thoreau's theory of non-violent civil disobedience that inspired King's non-violent protests for civil rights. This lecture is reputed to have taken place at the First Unitarian Church in Philadelphia.

In April 2006, the church officially became a Welcoming Congregation to the Bisexual, Transgender, Lesbian, and Gay community. In 2007, Nathan C. Walker became the first openly gay minister to be called to the serve the church.

In July 2006, executives from Monsanto visited the church to discuss the adoption of a code of ethics for the field of biotechnology, a sort of Hippocratic oath, akin to a doctor's pledge to 'do no harm.'[2]

In December 2011, Palgrave Macmillan published "Whose God Rules?: Is the United States a Secular Nation or a Theolegal Democracy?",[3] co-edited by Reverend Nathan C. Walker and congregational President Edwin J. Greenlee. The foreword was by former British Prime Minister, Tony Blair with additional contributions by Alan Dershowitz, Katie Ford, Robert P. George, Kent Greenawalt, Joseph K. Grieboski, Ted G. Jelen, Martha C. Nussbaum, Mark Rozell, William F. Schultz, and other scholars. The book was endorsed by Cornel West, the late Forrest Church, and Leslie Griffin.

Settled ministers[edit]

Joseph Priestley 1796–1804
William Christie 1807
William Henry Furness 1825–1875
Joseph May 1876–1901
James Ecob 1901–1907
Charles St. John 1908–1916
Frederick Robertson Griffin 1917–1947
Harry Barron Scholefield 1947–1957
Anders Lunde 1958–1962
Angus Cameron 1963–1967
Victor H. Carpenter 1968–1976
Rev. Beth Ide, Assistant Minister 1975
Brian Sandor Kopke 1977–1984
Ken Collier 1986–1991
Benjamin P. Maucere 1992–2005
Holly Horn 1995–2005
Nathan C. Walker 2007–present

Culture and civic life[edit]

First Unitarian is a regional community center that provides meeting space on a non-discriminatory basis for many different groups and activities: yoga and aerobics classes, meditation, Narcotics Anonymous meetings, forums by the Americans for Democratic Action and Common Cause, Black Women’s Art Festival, Islamic Relief Day of Dignity, Philadelphia Fringe Festival events, and city-wide vigils honoring victims of violence in Philadelphia.

First Unitarian is home to a concert-grade Casavant pipe organ. With its convenient Center City location, First Church is known as a prime entertainment venue for all ages. Music-for-Children classes, classical music concerts by Dolce Suono, and for young indie rock fans, alternative and punk rock concerts. Music and Arts at First Philadelphia are among the strongest and most diverse of the Center City Philadelphia Churches.

In November 2007, Rolling Stone magazine featured the church as one of the top alternative rock venues thanks to the success of the events organized by R5 Productions in the basement, chapel, and sanctuary. Since the mid-90s, the church's basement, Griffin Hall, known colloquially as "The Church" or simply "First Unitarian" by show goers, has been a popular venue for small-scale independent music concerts in the city. The concerts have featured mostly punk and indie rock artists in the past but have expanded to include other genres as well. An R5 Productions punk-rock concert draws hundreds of young listeners to the sanctuary with a drug- and alcohol-free mission.

Children and daycare centers[edit]

First Church is the longtime home of two daycare centers: the Beacon Center and Little Miracles. Both centers boast long-tenured staff. Members of First Church founded the Beacon Center in the early 1980s to exemplify the values of the church.

First Unitarian also draws parents of young children and youth with religious education programs that promote value-based learning about one's responsibility to one another and to the Earth. The Neighboring Faiths program teaches teens about the importance of other religious traditions and thereby promotes open-mindedness and respect. Child dedications, conducted with a thornless rose, are a special rite of passage for Unitarian Universalist families.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ "Dinner with Monsanto" by Michelle Bates Deakin in the "UU World" Winter 2010 11.1.10 [1]
  3. ^ "Whose God Rules?: Is the United States a Secular Nation or a Theolegal Democracy?" http://www.WhoseGodRules.com ISBN 023011783X