Flag of Brunei
|Use||Civil and state flag and civil ensign|
|Adopted||29 September 1959|
|Design||The crest of Brunei in the center, on a yellow field. The field is cut by black and white diagonal stripes, although they are officially called parallelograms.|
|Designed by||Unknown designer.|
The yellow field represents the Sultan of Brunei. In Southeast Asia, yellow is traditionally the color of royalty, and the royal standards of Malaysia and Thailand, and the flag of Sarawak along with the presidential flag of Indonesia, also use a yellow field.
The crest consists of a crescent (symbolizing Islam) joined with a parasol (symbolizing monarchy), and two upturned hands on both sides (signifying the benevolence of the government). Below the crescent is a ribbon. On the crescent and ribbon are Arabic inscriptions translating as "State of Brunei, Abode of peace" and Brunei's motto, "Always in service with God's guidance".
The black and white parallelograms represent Brunei's chief ministers.
The flag in its present form, except for the crest, has been in use since 1906 when Brunei became a British protectorate, following the signing of an agreement between Brunei and Great Britain.
The crest was superimposed in 1959 after the promulgation of the Constitution of 29 September 1959.
The design was retained when the country gained full independence on 1 January 1984 as Brunei Darussalam (State of Brunei, Abode of Peace).
Other ensigns and flags
|Army ensign||Brunei Armed Forces Flag. Yellow flag with three diagonal stripes white over red over black, with Armed Forces' badge in the middle.||2:3|
|Naval ensign||Brunei Naval Ensign. White (crossless) ensign with the war flag in canton.||1:2|
His Majesty The Sultan has a personal standard of yellow incorporating the Royal crest on red background at the centre of the standard.
The standard of Her Majesty The Raja Isteri is light yellow incorporating the Royal crest on red background at the center of the standard.
The Perdana Wazir has also a personal standard granted to him by His Majesty The Sultan. The standard is white superimposed in the center with the State crest in light yellow. The crest is supported by "Si Kikil", a kris crossed by its sheath.
The personal standards of the Pengiran Bendahara, Pengiran Digadong, Pengiran Pemancha and Pengiran Temenggong are white, green, black and red respectively.
The Sultan had also bestowed personal flags to lesser officials known as Pengiran Cheteria and to Pengiran and other subjects.
Among the Pengiran and dignitaries who are authorised to use personal standards are:
- Descendants of Sultan down to four generations,
- Descendents of Wazir down to three generations,
- Descendents of Cheteria down to two generations,
- Menteri down to Damong.
Their personal standards incorporate the State crest in red on a yellow background at the top left corner of the flags
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Flags of Brunei.|
- Brunei at Flags of the World
- National Flag and Crest (The Prime Minister's Office of Brunei Darussalam)
- Flag and Crest Description
- History Brunei Flag