Flag of Lebanon

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Flag of Lebanon.svg
Use National flag and ensign
Proportion 2:3
Adopted December 7, 1943
Design On a red field a white Spanish fess charged with a green cedar.

The flag of Lebanon (Arabic: علم لبنان‎) is formed of two horizontal red stripes enveloping a horizontal white stripe. The white stripe is to be two times a red one (ratio 1:2:1)—a Spanish fess. The green cedar in the middle touches each of the red stripes and its width is one third of the width of the flag.[1]


It was designed to be a neutral flag, not allied to any one of Lebanon's religious groups. The red stripes symbolize the pure blood shed in the aim of liberation. The white stripe symbolizes peace, and the white snow covering Lebanon's mountains. The green cedar, (Species: Cedrus libani or Lebanon Cedar) symbolizes immortality and steadiness.[2]

This cedar is referenced many times in the Bible: "The righteous flourish like the palm tree, and grow like a cedar in Lebanon" (Psalms 92:12).[3]

In the 19th century, more specifically on October 1848, the people of Mount Lebanon used a white flag with the cedar tree. Later, when Lebanon was under French mandate, the French tricolor was used with a cedar tree in the middle. The Lebanese flag was designed by the president of the Lebanese Renaissance Movement, the late Naoum Mukarzel. The Constitution of Lebanon promulgated on 23rd May 1926 said: "Article 5: The Lebanese flag is blue, white, red with a cedar in the white part".

The present Lebanese flag was adopted just prior to independence from France in 1943. Seeking independence, the actual flag was first drawn by member of parliament Henri Pharaon[5][6] in the Chamber of deputies Saeb Salam's house in Mousaitbeh by the deputies of the Lebanese parliament. It was adopted on December 7, 1943, during a meeting in the parliament, where the article 5 in the Lebanese constitution was modified by "The Lebanese flag is made of red, white and red horizontal stripes, with the cedar in green in the center of the white stripe".

One theory is that since Henri Pharaon was a long-time consul in Vienna, Austria and was an avid friend and founder of the "Austro-Lebanese Association of Friendship", the colors could have been inspired by the red-white-red Flag of Austria. The Austrian flag is the second oldest in the world, dating to the 13th century when it first probably appeared after the Siege of Acre during the Third Crusade.

It is a common mistake to draw the branches of the cedar and the tree trunk in brown or black which could be seen as unconstitutional. The cedar should be fully green regarding the provisions in the Constitution.[2]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ The description of the flag is cited in the Lebanese Constitution, Chapter 1, Article 5.[dead link]
  2. ^ a b "The symbols of the republic". Lebanese Presidency Official Site. Archived from the original on 2007-12-23. Retrieved 2008-04-16. 
  3. ^ Psalm 92:12 The righteous man will flourish like the palm tree, He
  4. ^ a b c [1]
  1. موجز تاريخ لبنان

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