Florenceville-Bristol

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Florenceville-Bristol
Town
The Florenceville Bridge across the Saint John River is partly covered.
The Florenceville Bridge across the Saint John River is partly covered.
Official seal of Florenceville-Bristol
Seal
Motto: French Fry Capital of the World
Florenceville-Bristol is located in New Brunswick
Florenceville-Bristol
Location of Florenceville in New Brunswick
Coordinates: 46°26′36″N 67°36′55″W / 46.443472°N 67.615222°W / 46.443472; -67.615222
Country Canada
Province New Brunswick
County Carleton County
Amalgamated July 1, 2008
Government
 • Type Town Council
 • Mayor Karl E. Curtis
 • MP Mike Allen
 • MLA Dale Graham
 • Councillors Elizabeth D. Campbell, Daniel W. Guest, Janice M. Kinney, Nancy Whyte McCauley, Rick Pryde, Thomas J. Davidson
Area
 • Total 15.61 km2 (6.03 sq mi)
Elevation 150 m (492 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,639
 • Density 105.0/km2 (272/sq mi)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Canadian Postal code E7L
Area code(s) 506
Telephone Exchange(s) 221, 245, 246, 276, 278, 391, 392, 595
Website http://www.florencevillebristol.ca/

Florenceville-Bristol is a Canadian town situated in the Northwest part of New Brunswick in the St. John River Valley. The town is located on the banks of the Saint John River, in Carleton County in the Canadian province of New Brunswick. As of 2011, the population was 1,639.

History[edit]

Florenceville was originally known as Buttermilk Creek. In 1855 it was renamed Florenceville to honour Florence Nightingale, the famous Crimean War nurse. Florenceville was on the west side of the Saint John River and there the first post office and commercial section of the village was situated. In later years East Florenceville, previously known as Buckwheat Flats, became the commercial centre with five grocery stores and several other small businesses. There is a small strip mall along with several convenience stores and restaurants. The former village of Bristol is located on the St. John River, in Carleton County, New Brunswick, Canada, approximately 5 kilometers north of Florenceville.

Present-day Bristol was the site of a battle between Micmac and Maliseet peoples. The area was originally named Shiktehawk, from the Maliseet for "where he killed him". The name was changed when the New Brunswick Railway was constructed and railway officials were unable to pronounce the name correctly. Bristol is located where the Big Shiktehawk and Little Shiktehawk Streams empty into the Saint John River. This was an important stopping point for Native peoples as it was the start of the cross province route. They would canoe up the Big Shiktehawk Stream to Divide where they would portage a short distance to the Miramichi River and make their way to the eastern coast of New Brunswick.

The Town of Florenceville-Bristol is New Brunswick's newest town, amalgamating July 1, 2008. The new town has 1,539 residents as of 2006 and consists of the two former villages of Florenceville and Bristol.[1]

Economy[edit]

Florenceville-Bristol is home to the corporate headquarters for McCain Foods, the largest producer of French fries in the world. McCain also operate the Florenceville Airport, with a single paved runway located amid agricultural fields on the west side of the river.

Florenceville-Bristol is also home to H.J. Crabbe & Sons Lumber Mill. This long-running family business specializes in its quality softwood lumber made mainly from Balsam Fir and White Spruce. The company has also recently built a new mill in the town to produce wood stove pellets in order to use more of what would be scrap material to help cut down on waste. The company is also one of the largest landowners in the province, next to Irving and Frasier.

Education[edit]

Both villages had schools offering grades 1 through 12 until 1956 when the Florenceville Regional High School was opened accommodating grades 7 through 12. The original schools became the elementary schools. Eventually these were replaced by an elementary school on the east side of the river. The Regional High School became a middle school when Carleton North High School was built in Bristol, NB. It was later decided that starting in the year 2000 the middle school students would not begin high school until grade 9.

Bristol is the home of Carleton North High School as well as Bristol Elementary School. Florenceville-Bristol is home to the corporate headquarters for McCain Foods, the largest producer of French fries in the world. McCain also operate the Florenceville Airport, with a single paved runway located amid agricultural fields on the west side of the river.

Physical geography[edit]

Florenceville-Bristol lies within the Appalachian Mountain Range. The town sits in the Saint John River Valley. On each side of the town lie rolling mountains peaking at 300–400 metres. The borough of Florenceville lies on a flat that has extremely rich soil due to past volcanic activity before the last ice age. The borough of Bristol also lies on a flat, but much lower to the river and lower parts of the borough floods during the spring.

Geology[edit]

The bedrock underlying Florenceville-Bristol at its oldest is part of the White Head Formation consisting of limestone and calcareous shales of Late Ordovician to Early Silurian in age. Later in history more sedimentary rocks were deposited forming the Smyrna Mills Formation during the Silurian, consisting of shales, limestones, and conglomerates. The range of mountains from North to South along the Eastern side of the Saint John River known as Carr Mountain, The Pinnacle, and Oakland Mountain (N to S) are also part of the Smyrna Mills Formation and consist of mafic volcanic flows (basalt) and tuff. Within these mountains there are also two gabbro tubes that are Early Devonian in age. These tubes probably were the magma feeding tubes for volcanic flow that would have once overlain the existing rock, but have since been eroded. Florenceville-Bristol are also extensively terraced with sands and gravels from both the workings of the Saint John River and its tributaries and also from the existence of a huge post-glacial lake that existed in the area for some time after the last Ice Age. In the areas that the bedrock is not covered by this aggregate material, the bedrock is covered by a thin veneer of glacial till. There is also an extensive fault trending through Florenceville-Bristol from NE to SW which the Saint John River follows for a short distance through the town, causing its seemingly odd bend in flow in the local area.

Climate[edit]

The town gets a fair amount of precipitation, although major paralyzing snow and rain storms such as blizzards and hurricanes are uncommon but do happen on occasion. On average, Florenceville receives approximately 1100 mm of precipitation per year. Snowfall is common between late November and early April, and snow usually stays on the ground beginning in December. Flooding occurs during the spring of most years and affects the low lying areas of Florenceville-Bristol.

Climate data for Centreville
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.0
(53.6)
11.0
(51.8)
19.5
(67.1)
30.0
(86)
35.0
(95)
35.0
(95)
35.0
(95)
35.0
(95)
31.0
(87.8)
26.1
(79)
19.0
(66.2)
13.3
(55.9)
35.0
(95)
Average high °C (°F) −6.2
(20.8)
−4.4
(24.1)
1.4
(34.5)
8.5
(47.3)
17.2
(63)
21.9
(71.4)
24.6
(76.3)
23.6
(74.5)
17.9
(64.2)
10.8
(51.4)
3.6
(38.5)
−4.0
(24.8)
9.6
(49.3)
Average low °C (°F) −16.9
(1.6)
−15.4
(4.3)
−9.0
(15.8)
−1.6
(29.1)
4.3
(39.7)
9.3
(48.7)
12.1
(53.8)
11.2
(52.2)
6.2
(43.2)
1.4
(34.5)
−4.1
(24.6)
−13.7
(7.3)
−1.4
(29.5)
Record low °C (°F) −37.2
(−35)
−37.8
(−36)
−31.1
(−24)
−17.8
(0)
−10.0
(14)
−2.2
(28)
0.0
(32)
−3.5
(25.7)
−7.0
(19.4)
−10.0
(14)
−21.0
(−5.8)
−37.0
(−34.6)
−37.8
(−36)
Precipitation mm (inches) 80.8
(3.181)
54.9
(2.161)
88.5
(3.484)
78.9
(3.106)
97.5
(3.839)
101.4
(3.992)
95.7
(3.768)
100.0
(3.937)
99.1
(3.902)
87.6
(3.449)
93.1
(3.665)
91.8
(3.614)
1,069.3
(42.098)
Source: 1971-2000 Environment Canada[2]

Attractions[edit]

It also has a free public art gallery. The Andrew and Laura McCain Gallery is a non-profit, community-supported gallery that shows about nine exhibitions a year of everything from exhibitions on loan from the National Gallery of Canada to the work of local school children.

Florenceville-Bristol is also home to the New Brunswick Potato Museum (Potato World) and Shogomoc Historical Railway Site. The Shogomoc Historical Railway Site showcases a restored CPR train station and three CPR cars and is home to FRESH "fine dining". Hunter Brothers Farm Market and Corn Maze.

The town celebrates many festivals throughout the year; Festival of Flavour, which takes place August and showcases a variety of wine related events, Canada Day-July, Snow Blast- February, Haunted Train October, Buttermilk Creek Fall Festival-September and more.

Throughout the summer season, July to September, the town is host to an outdoor summer market, every Thursday from 10-2 pm at the Riverside Park. The outdoor summer market features food, produce, craft, woodworking, flower, baked goods, local meat and jewelry vendors. Each week showcases a different musical performance from local entertainers.

The town is the site of the Florenceville Bridge, a covered bridge built in 1907 that is unique in New Brunswick in combining a wooden covered bridge with steel trusses for the central spans over the Saint John River.

Located just outside of the town limits is a replica Noah's Ark, a 2/3-scale model of the Biblical Ark that Noah built, as described in the Christian Old Testament. The replica ark contains the offices and student dorms for a private Bible school, The School of The Spirit, run by the Burnham Road Ministries. The sight of a 300-foot boat in the middle of potato fields within sight of Bristol and Oakland Mountain often attracts curious visitors.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1](subscription required)
  2. ^ Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000. Retrieved 4 July 2011.

Coordinates: 46°26′36.5″N 67°36′54.8″W / 46.443472°N 67.615222°W / 46.443472; -67.615222