Franklin D. Richards (Mormon apostle)

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Franklin D. Richards
Franklin D. Richards (Mormon apostle).gif
President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
September 13, 1898 (1898-09-13) – December 9, 1899 (1899-12-09)
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
February 12, 1849 (1849-02-12) – December 9, 1899 (1899-12-09)
Called by Brigham Young
LDS Church Apostle
February 12, 1849 (1849-02-12) – December 9, 1899 (1899-12-09)
Called by Brigham Young
Reason Reorganization of First Presidency; excommunication of Lyman Wight[1]
Reorganization
at end of term
Reed Smoot ordained
Personal details
Born Franklin Dewey Richards
(1821-04-02)April 2, 1821
Richmond, Massachusetts, United States
Died December 9, 1899(1899-12-09) (aged 78)
Ogden, Utah, United States
Resting place Ogden City Cemetery
41°13′57″N 111°57′44″W / 41.2325°N 111.9622°W / 41.2325; -111.9622 (Ogden City Cemetery)
Spouse 11, incuding:
  Jane S. Richards
Parents Phineas Richards
Wealthy Dewey

Franklin Dewey Richards (April 2, 1821 – December 9, 1899) was a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) from 1849 until his death. He also served as president of the quorum from 1898 until his death. Both his son, George F. Richards, and grandson LeGrand Richards were members of the quorum, with his son also serving as president of the quorum from 1945 to 1950. Richards also served in the Utah Territorial Legislature in 1852 and 1856.

Franklin County, Idaho, is named after Richards.[2]

Biography[edit]

Richards was born in Richmond, Massachusetts.

Richards married Jane Snyder in Nauvoo, Illinois. After helping her and their children start on the Mormon exodus to the west in 1846, Richards and his brother Samuel departed on a mission to Great Britain. He served there as a missionary from 1846 to 1848.

Calling[edit]

Apostle Lyman Wight was excommunicated from the church in December 1848 because he refused to join the church in the Salt Lake Valley. This left an opening in the Quorum of the Twelve. To fill the vacancy, and to bring the number of the quorum up to twelve, Richards was called and ordained as the fourth of four apostles on February 12, 1849. The other three apostles were Charles C. Rich, Lorenzo Snow, and Erastus Snow. A short time after his call as a member of the Twelve, Richards went to England, where he served as president of the British Mission and then as president of the European Mission.. In these positions, Richards also served as editor of the Millennial Star and as director of the Perpetual Emigrating Fund's operations in Europe.

From 1889 until his death, Richards was the church's twelfth official Church Historian.

President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles[edit]

Lorenzo Snow succeeded church president Wilford Woodruff when Woodruff died on September 2, 1898. Being the second apostle in seniority, Richards assumed the role of President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. Richards's term was short-lived, as he died fifteen months later. He was a member of the Quorum of the Twelve for more than 50 years, the longest tenure of any person who did not become President of the Church.

Death[edit]

Richards suffered a stroke and paralysis in the autumn of 1899. He died peacefully in his home in Ogden, Utah, on December 9, 1899.

The vacancy in the quorum created by his death was filled by Reed Smoot.

Family[edit]

The Richards family is only the third Latter-day Saint family in history with three consecutive generations in the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles: Richards's son George F. Richards and his grandson LeGrand Richards were also apostles of the church.[3]

Another of Richards's grandsons, Franklin D. Richards became a general authority of the church, serving as an Assistant to the Quorum of the Twelve and later as a member of the Presidency of the Seventy.

Richards's daughter Josephine Richards West was a counselor in the general presidency of the Primary Association.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Richards, Charles C. Rich, Lorenzo Snow, and Erastus Snow were ordained on the same day to fill four vacancies in the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
  2. ^ Franklin County - Idaho.gov
  3. ^ The other two families are the three-generation combination of George A. Smith, John Henry Smith, and George Albert Smith and the three-generation combination of Amasa M. Lyman, Francis M. Lyman, and Richard R. Lyman. Hyrum, Joseph F., and Joseph Fielding Smith were also three consecutive generations of apostles, but Hyrum was never a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.

External links[edit]

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints titles
Preceded by
Lorenzo Snow
President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
September 13, 1898 – December 9, 1899
Succeeded by
George Q. Cannon
Preceded by
Erastus Snow
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
February 12, 1849 – December 9, 1899
Succeeded by
George Q. Cannon