Fresh Meadows, Queens
|— Neighborhoods of New York City —|
|St. Francis Preparatory School|
|• Median income||$56,534|
|ZIP code||11365, 11366|
|Area code(s)||718, 347, 917|
Fresh Meadows is located on the northeast side of Hillcrest, bordered to the east by Cunningham Park, to the south by Union Turnpike and St. John's University, and to the west by South Flushing. The neighborhood is part of Queens Community Board 8 and is served by the United States Postal Service as ZIP codes 11365 and 11366.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (February 2009)|
During the American Revolution General Benedict Arnold drilled his troops in the area, on the current location of M.S. 216. During the 19th century, Fresh Meadows was a farming community known as Black Stump. The name derives from the convention of defining property lines by placing blackened tree stumps at the edges of properties. A few such boundary markers are still visible in the undeveloped areas of Cunningham Park along 73rd Avenue.
Black Stump School was located at present-day Utopia Playground, at 73rd Avenue and Utopia Parkway. For several years, the woods of Black Stump were rumored to be haunted because people heard strange sounds coming from the woods. In 1908, the mysterious sounds were discovered to be coming from a recluse who lived in a small hut and sang Irish folk songs at night.
Fresh Meadow Country Club opened in 1923. The country club was named after an area northeast of Flushing even though it was actually located southeast of Flushing, just south of what is presently the Long Island Expressway near 183rd Street. The golf course was designed by A.W. Tillinghast. The PGA Championship was held at Fresh Meadow Country Club in 1930, and the U.S. Open was held at the course in 1932. In 1937, the golf course hosted a charity game between John Montague, Babe Ruth, Babe Didrikson, and Sylvania Annenberg, a game that was watched by 10,000 fans, some of whom rushed the golf course and left Babe Ruth's shirt in tatters. In February 1946, the land was sold to New York Life Insurance Company, and it became the Fresh Meadows Housing Development.
When New York Life Insurance Company built the Fresh Meadows Housing Development, it would not allow black individuals to live there.
Until 2004, the neighborhood was home to Klein Farm, the last surviving commercial farm in New York City, located on 73rd Avenue between 194th and 195th Streets. Efforts by local residents and civic officials to see the farm reopen are currently under way.
In October 2011, a book written by Fred Cantor and Debra Davidson that chronicled the history of Fresh Meadows was released.
Fresh Meadows is home to an estimated population of 13,286. Considered one of Queens' most affluent neighborhoods, its residents have a median income of $75,123, and the neighborhood has a cost of living at approximately twice the national average. The neighborhood has historically and traditionally been home to one of New York City's most thriving Jewish communities, with the Jewish population at one time making up as many as 90% of all people who live in Fresh Meadows. Today, there is an increasing presence of younger Asian American families, Israelis, and Bukharian Jews living in the neighborhood.
Government and infrastructure 
The neighborhood is served by NYC Transit bus lines Q17, Q26, Q30, Q31, Q46, Q65, Q88 and QM1. Fresh Meadows is not a major transportation hub, as no New York City Subway or Long Island Railroad stations are located within its boundaries. It does however contain the interchange between the Long Island Expressway and the Clearview Expressway.
Primary and secondary schools 
The New York City Department of Education operates public schools. Public schools located in Fresh Meadows include Francis Lewis High School, George J. Ryan Middle school,P.S. 26 Rufus King school, and P.S. 173 The Fresh Meadows School.
On December 22, 1980, The Japanese School of New York moved from Jamaica Estates, Queens into Fresh Meadows, in the former P.S. 179. In 1991 the school moved to Yonkers in Westchester County, New York.
Colleges and universities 
Public libraries 
Housing complex 
Fresh Meadows is also the name of a large apartment complex situated in the northeast section of the neighborhood. Developed in the late 1940s by the New York Life Insurance Company to house local World War II veterans. The complex and its eponymous shopping center were the first in the United States designed primarily to accommodate automobile rather than pedestrian traffic. In 1949, Lewis Mumford described the Fresh Meadows housing complex as "perhaps the most positive and exhilarating example of large-scale community planning in this country."
- "Queens Community Boards, New York City". Retrieved 2007-09-03.
- "Fresh Meadows". Forgotten NY. Retrieved July 3, 2010.
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- "Odd Tales of Many Cities: Ghost Songs Cease; Spook Goes to Jail". The Washington Post. January 7, 1908. p. 3.
- "About FMCC: A Tale of Two Clubs". Fresh Meadow Country Club. Retrieved May 31, 2012.
- Rice, Grantland (September 12, 1930). "The Sportlight". The Baltimore Sun. p. 19.
- "Sarazen Wins National Open". The Baltimore Sun. June 26, 1932. p. S1.
- "Ruth Serious About Match". Associated Press (The Baltimore Sun). November 12, 1937. p. 18.
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- Talbot, Gayle (February 5, 1946). "Famous New York Golf Course Victim of Housing Shortage". The Washington Post. p. 10.
- Fioravante, Janice (December 28, 1997). "If You're Thinking of Living In Fresh Meadows, Queens: Open Spaces and Top-Ranked Schools". The New York Times.
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- Dal Molin, David (2009-05-28). "Fresh Meadows vigilant on future of Klein Farm". Queens Chronicle. Retrieved 2009-08-29.
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- "Fresh Meadows Finance." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on January 9, 2012. "19304 HORACE HARDING EXPY STE 1 FRESH MEADOWS, NY 11365-9994"
- "Utopia." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on January 9, 2012. "18204 UNION TPKE FRESH MEADOWS, NY 11366-9993"
- "本校の歩み." The Japanese School of New York. Retrieved on January 10, 2012. "1975.9.2. Jamaica Queensにて「ニューヨーク日本人学校」開校。" and "1980.12.22 Queens Ｆlushing校に移転。" and "1991.8.18. Westchester Yonkers校へ移転。"
- Kulers, Brian G. "QUEENS NEIGHBORHOODS QUEENS CLOSEUP East Meets West in School For Japanese in America." Newsday. November 12, 1986. News, Start Page 31. Retrieved on January 9, 2012.
- Pomfret, John. "Old city school becomes second home for Japanese kids." Associated Press at the The Daily Telegraph. Thursday September 10, 1987. 30. Retrieved from Google News (30 of 68) on January 9, 2012.
- "Fresh Meadows." Queens Library. Retrieved on January 9, 2012. "193-20 Horace Harding Expressway Fresh Meadows, NY 11365"
- Goldberger, Paul (1981-04-17). "To Utopia by Bus and Subway". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-08-29.
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