Fuad Mohamed Qalaf (Somali: Fu'aad Maxamed Khalaf, Arabic: فؤاد محمد خلف) (born 28 March 1965), also known as Fuad Shangole, is a Somali-Swedish militant Islamist. He was a senior leader of the now defunct Islamic Courts Union (ICU), and is currently a senior leader of its successor al-Shabaab.
Born in Mogadishu, Qalaf came to Sweden as an asylum seeker in 1992 and later received Swedish citizenship. He stayed in Sweden for twelve years, most of the time working as an Imam at a mosque in the Stockholm area. As such, he worked to influence young Muslims about Jihad. In 2004, Qalaf returned to Somalia together with his family to fight with the Islamic Courts Union in the war against the Transitional Federal Government and allied Ethiopian forces.
Following the conquest of Mogadishu in 2007, Qalaf went on to serve as head of the Department of Education under the new ICU-government. The Somali human rights group Sultan Hurre Human Rights Focus also described him as a "senior leader" of ICU militant youth wing al-Shabaab. After the Ethiopian invasion of Somalia in December 2006 and the subsequent fall of the ICU-government, Qalaf and other ICU leaders fled to Mecca in Saudi Arabia. In April 2007 he was reported as living in Kenya.
According to the Swedish news website Nyheter24, Qalaf participated in the March 2009 stoning of a thirteen-year-old Somali girl named Asho Duhalow. The girl was sentenced to death according to Islamic Sharia law because she reportedly didn't follow Islamic clothing laws. Later during the day, according to the same source, he also cut the hand of a Somali man who was accused of theft. The man had stolen money and clothes to the value of approximately US$100. In May 2014, Qalaf stated that al-Shabab fighters would carry out jihad, or holy war, in Kenya and Uganda "and afterward, with God's will, to America."
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- Kino, Nuri (2007-04-16). "Islamistisk ledare värvade i Sverige" (in Swedish). Metro. Retrieved 2008-03-05.
- Farah, Mohamed Abdi (2006-10-11). "Somalia: abroad Somali communities urged to return home for Jihad". SomaliNet. Retrieved 2006-12-27.
- "Somalia: The Tough Part is Ahead". Sultan Hurre Human Rights Focus. 2007-01-26. Retrieved 2008-03-05.
- Khalif, Abdulkadir (2007-01-29). "West ‘backing the wrong horse’ in Mogadishu peace initiatives". The East African. Retrieved 2007-02-02.[dead link]
- Levy, Oscar (2009-05-09). "Svensk shejk hugger av tjuvens hand" (in Swedish). Nyheter24. Retrieved 2008-06-03.
- Fox news: "Somali extremist leader threatens US, Kenya, Uganda with more attacks" May 22, 2014
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