Goodmanham shown within the East Riding of Yorkshire
|Population||244 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Unitary authority||East Riding of Yorkshire|
|Ceremonial county||East Riding of Yorkshire|
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|UK Parliament||East Yorkshire|
Goodmanham (alias Godmundin Gaham) is a small village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) to the north-east of Market Weighton. The village is situated on the Yorkshire Wolds Way National Trail, a long distance footpath. According to the 2011 UK census, Goodmanham parish had a population of 244, an increase on the 2001 UK census figure of 218.
The village is built in a favourable position on a south-facing slope of the Yorkshire Wolds between two streams. It has a copious supply of water from numerous springs and naturally occurring limestone for building. The land is extraordinarily fertile in this region and people have lived here since prehistoric times.
The earliest traces of settlement are from the stone age. There are many ancient burial sites. The boundaries of the village lie along the lines of ancient earthworks and these are evidence that it was a prehistoric place of worship. Near the western boundary of the village lies one of the most ancient roads of Britain, later adopted by the Romans. Settlement at this time is indicated by finds of Samian ware and coins of the period. Later in Saxon times, after the recall of the Roman legions, the village reached a position of great importance and fame. It became the site of the high shrine of Anglo Saxon Northumbria, a great temple of Woden, the father of the gods. The dramatic overthrow of this temple in 627 AD by the high priest Coifi upon the conversion of King Edwin of Northumbria is related by St Bede in his History of the English Church and People (Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum).
"I have known long since" [Coifi] said, "that there is nothing in this religion that we have professed...the more I sought the truth of it the less I found...this can give us life salvation and eternal happiness...I advise that we burn the useless sanctuary - and who better than myself as an example?" 
So saying, he borrowed a war stallion and a war axe, both of which were forbidden to him as a priest. He galloped to the temple and flung the weapon into the holy place. Seeing that no harm came to him, the company that followed him demolished the shrine and burned it to the ground.
It is often said that Coifi rode from Edwin's council in York to destroy the temple at Goodmanham, a distance of around 20 miles (32 km). Local tradition has it that the ride was from the king's summer camp at Londesborough, which is two miles from Goodmanham.
Although Goodmanham is very near to York, the capital of Viking England, we have no information about Goodmanham from that period. It is next found as a listing in the Domesday Book produced under William the Conqueror at the time of the Norman conquest. A few names of resident farmers are given: Colgri, Orm, Norman, William de Coleville. These names show the presence of Normans now occupying the land.
The church of All Hallows now stands on or near the site of the original pagan temple. This church dates from around 1130 AD and replaces an earlier one of wooden construction built in the Saxon period. The church was designated in 1986 by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building. A tumulus, located to the south-west of the village, is also supposed to contain ruins. One of the many sacred wells in Britain dedicated to St Helena is located nearby.
Notable people from Goodmanham
- Richard Foster (Australian politician), (20 August 1856 – 5 January 1932). He emigrated to South Australia in 1880. Held various posts including Commissioner for Public Works, Minister for Industry, Minister for Works and Railways.
- William Featherby, (18 August 1888 - 20 November 1958), county cricketer for Yorkshire, lived and worked locally to Goodmanham all his life. He is buried in the churchyard.
- "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Area: Goodmanham CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
- "Goodmanham - East Yorkshire". Retrieved 18 December 2010. "Goodmanham (Godmundin Gaham in AD 731)..."
- "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: Goodmanham CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 May 2008.
- Arthur Mee's 1000 Heroes: Immortal Men & Women Of Every Age & Every Land.
- English Heritage. "Church of All Hallows (1084132)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
- "St. Helen's Well (Goodmanham)". The Modern Antiquarian. 5 August 2006. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
- McDonald, D. I. (1981). "Foster, Richard Witty (1856 - 1932)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
- Langdale, Thomas, A Topographical Dictionary of Yorkshire, 1822
- Baines, Edward, History, Directory and Gazetteer of the County of York, 1823
- Purvis, Rev J.S., Rector of Goodmanham, Goodmanham Church and Village, c 1945
- Whelan, Edna, & Taylor, Ian, Yorkshire Holy Wells and Sacred Springs, Northern Lights, Dunnington, 1989
- Gazetteer – A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 6.
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