Greater Rio de Janeiro

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about Rio de Janeiro. For a samba school, see GRES Acadêmicos do Grande Rio.
Satellite image of the metropolitan area, with the capital from the center below, Baixada Fluminense on the north-west and Niterói and São Gonçalo east of the Guanabara Bay

The Greater Rio de Janeiro (Grande Rio, officially Região Metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro, in Portuguese) is a large metropolitan area located in Rio de Janeiro state in Brazil, the second largest in Brazil and third largest in South America. It consists of 16 municipalities, including the capital, Rio de Janeiro.

The metropolitan area of Rio de Janeiro is known as a historical, cultural and economic centre of Brazil, with a total population of 12.6 million inhabitants. The region was first officially defined on July 1, 1974 after the fusion of the Guanabara State with Rio de Janeiro State. Several municipalities show a high level of conurbation, with Rio de Janeiro-Duque de Caxias and Niterói-São Gonçalo being the most clear examples.

The water supply plans of the region are coordinated, and transportation in the area is heavily interconnected with urban intermunicipal buses to all municipalities in the area, trains over the capital and some Baixada Fluminense municipalities, ferry boats to some of the Guanabara Bay municipalities and major inter-city freeways such as Ponte Rio-Niterói, Linha Vermelha, Rodovia Presidente Dutra and Rodovia Niterói-Manilha. Most transportation methods are integrated with the capital inner transportation system of buses, trains, subways, freeways and expressways.

Cities by Population (2008)[edit]

+ 1,000,000

400,000 - 999,999

100,000 - 399,999

-100,000

Statistics[edit]

  • Population: 12,603,939 (2011 est.)[1]
  • Nominal GDP: R$232 billion / US$145 billion (2008 est.)[2]
    • Largest GDP City: Rio de Janeiro City: R$154 billion / US$96,2 billion (2008 est.)[2]
  • Nominal GDP per capita: R$18.230,39 / US$ 11.393,75 (2008 est.)
  • HDI: 0,816 (2008 est.)
    • Highest HDI City: Niterói: 0,886 (2008 est.)

Municipalities[edit]

The 16 municipalities of the area are:

Administrative division Area (km²)[3] Population 2000 Census[3] Population (2010 Census)[3] Population density 2010 (/km²)
Belford Roxo 79 434,474 469,261 5940
Duque de Caxias 464.5 775,456 855,046 1840
Guapimirim 361 37,952 51,487 143
Itaboraí 424.2 187,479 218,090 514
Japeri 82.9 83,278 95,391 1151
Magé 386.6 205,830 228,150 590
Mesquita 34.8 0 168,403 4839
Nilópolis 19.4 153,712 157,483 8118
Niterói 129.3 459,451 487,327 3769
Nova Iguaçu 523.8 920,599 797,212 1518
Queimados 77 121,993 137,938 1791
Rio de Janeiro 1260 5,857,904 6,323,037 5018
São Gonçalo 249.1 891,119 1,013,901 4014
São João de Meriti 34.8 449,476 459,356 13200
Seropédica 284 65,260 78,183 275
Tanguá 147 26,057 30,731 209
Metropolitan Rio Janeiro 4,557.4 10,670,040 12,603,936 2535

Notes and references[edit]