|This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2007)|
|Music of Greece|
|Media and performance|
|Nationalistic and patriotic songs|
|National anthem||"Hymn to Liberty"|
|Related areas||Cyprus, Pontus, Constantinople, South Italy|
Rock and roll, spread around the world in the 1950s and 60s, entering Greece in the middle of the 60s. Greek rock performers in the field include Jimi Quidd (born Jimmy Hatzidimitriou, later member of The Dots and producer for Bad Brains), and Pavlos Sidiropoulos, the most important representative of Greek folk-rock and rock.
Greek rock (Greek: Ελληνικό ροκ, pronounced [eliniˈko rok]), originated in the early 1960s with the creation of several anglophone pop-rock bands such as The Forminx (which included composer Vangelis), The Idols and The Olympians. The late sixties saw the formation of Aphrodite's Child, one of the most important and successful Greek rock bands: with their album It's Five O'Clock (1969) they achieved worldwide fame. Another aspect of Greek rock in the late 1960s saw the release of the first albums of Dionysis Savvopoulos, who combined Greek folk-music with rock elements.
Greek rock first peaked in the early seventies, while Greece was still ruled by a military dictatorship. Bands included Socrates Drank The Conium (anglophone progressive rock), Nostradamos, Exadahtylos (political/satirical lyrics), Pelóma Bokioú (Santana-like Latin rock with Greek lyrics), Poll (folk with vocal harmonies, Greek lyrics).
Kostas Tournas is one of the pioneers of Greek rock. He is a singer and composer of many hits in the 70s with a long career and a string of hits which continue to this day. His 1972 progressive-psychedelic solo album rock opera Aperanta Horafia (Infinite Fields) is considered a landmark of Greek rock and an act of resistance against the junta which ruled Greece at the time.
Tournas along with Robert Williams and Stavros Logarides, co-founders of the legendary rock group Poll, created a music wave which met with great success and took the music scene of Athens by storm. Their music resonated with the young and created songs which still remain in the history of Greek rock.
The fall of the dictatorship was followed by the cultural dominance of left wing intellectuals although the government was still moderately right-wing. For them, rock was an "imported" (xenoferto - ξενόφερτο) form of music and they instead promoted music based on local traditions like Theodorakis' compositions.
One of the most popular rock artists in the decade was Pavlos Sidiropoulos, who managed to merge Rock music with Greek lyrics. Another important musician who experimented with Greek lyrics was Nikolas Asimos, who recorded his first illegal tapes during the decade. Greek rock was revived at the end of the seventies, with the first punk and new wave bands, as well as some older artists. The ex-frontman of Exadahtylos, Dimitris Poulikakos made an LP in 1976.
At the beginning of the 1980s, there is a musical enrichment in the scene as more and more bands flourish, despite the extensive censorship on forms of art that in the later years gradually stopped. One example of this era is that of Mousikes Taxiarhies - Μουσικές Ταξιαρχίες (Greek for Musical Brigades) with frontman Tzimis Panousis. The lyrical content of the band for the time was considered to vary from humorous and lightly satirical to all-out criticizing towards the political life of Greece—nevertheless the band played music with rich musical content; a mixture of many influences besides rock such as reggae and funk.Pavlos Sidiropoulos went on through the deacade by forming the band "Aprosarmostoi" and produced some of his best albums with them. In early 1981 a new band Fatme was formed who combined very creatively elements from Greek popular music roots and rock for the very first time.Their frontman was Nikos Portokaloglou who is still a recording singer/songwriter of great acclaim.
Even though Vasilis Papakonstantinou started his career in the 70s, it wasn't until the beginning of the 80s that he gain huge popularity and became one of the most successful Greek rock singers. Vasilis Papakonstantinou is still active and he continues to release successful albums.
With the second generation, the scene produced also some of the finest electric guitar players such as Christophoros Krokidis and Spyros Pazios who to date are still active in various projects. During the mid-1980s, a band called The Last Drive appeared, whose outstanding performance both in Greece and internationally deeply influenced the scene. In 1985 it was the great birth of the modern Greek rock as it is known today and this thanks to a bands from Thessaloniki: Trypes with their first album and two years later in 1987 a trio-band called Mora Sti Fotia - Μωρά στη Φωτιά (Babies on Fire), [veria]whose name was inspired by the song's title "Baby's on Fire" by Brian Eno. The band plays a combination of new wave, punk, soft and hard rock).
Other sub-genres of rock emerged during this period: Heavy metal, Punk rock and Indie rock gained popularity. Greek metal bands such as Spitfire (Traditional Heavy metal) and black metal sound pioneers Rotting Christ and Varathron, emerged in the 80s.
The 1990s is when Greek rock culture was at its highest. It was dominated by the groups Xylina Spathia, Trypes and Stereo Nova. For the first time in Greek rock history, there were sold out appearances in large venues of Greek bands. For the first time in Greek history were there rock songs hits played on the radio. Thousands of fans cheered these groups; Greece was a great place, musically, to live in during this period. Other groups followed including Diafana Krina, Endelekheia, The Flowers Of Romance, Nama, Pyx Lax, Katsimihas Brothers, Giorgos Dimitriadis kai Oi Mikroi Iroes, Manolis Famellos kai Oi Podilates, Ypogeia Revmata, Trypes broke up in early 2000s just as Xylina Spathia.
The 00s saw less interest in Greek rock music; however, mainstream rock artists of the past decades remained popular.
An anglophone revival during this decade took place, with bands like Raining Pleasure achieving worldwide fame. Furthermore, ex-Trypes frontman Giannis Aggelakas, released several albums with his personal band Oi Episkeptes, combining Greek rock not only with folk elements, but also with Jazz and Reggae.
Firewind took the leading position in modern Heavy metal, releasing four albums in the decade and achieving international popularity. The guitarist of the band, Gus G performed along with Ozzy Osbourne replacing his former guitarist, while the keyboardist Bob Katsionis released personal albums. Septic Flesh reunited and recorded Communion, which received highly positive reviews and recognition. During the 00s a small scene of metal bands playing metalcore/hardcore punk/screamo/deathcore emerged.
In 2010 the Greek girl-fronted New Wave-Punk band Barb Wire Dolls became the first band from Greece to re-locate to Los Angeles after receiving continuous airplay on Los Angeles's "World Famous" KROQ radio station by Rodney Bingenheimer on his "Rodney on the Roq" show for their song "California" from their self-released EP "Punk The Fussies!".
- Official site of Vasilis Papakonstantinou (Greek) (English)
- Official site of Mora sti Fotia (Greek)
- Official site of Giorgos Dimitriadis (Greek)
- Poll on Last.fm
- Ksylina Spathia on Last.fm
- Maria Paravantes (28 Jul 2000). "Sea 'n' sun and sounds of the season". Athens News. Retrieved 8 March 2013. "One of the forerunners of popular Greek song, former member of Poll, one of Greece's first rock groups, Kostas Tournas is mostly admired for his musicianship and distinctive crystal clear vocals. Not one to rest on his laurels, Tournas' talent of tuning in with the times is truly unique."
- "Kostas Tournas Biography". Music Corner. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- Maria Paravantes (11 Jul 2003). "Flying to the moon with Tereza". Athens News. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- "Ο Τουρνάς ξαναπερπατά τα "Απέραντα Χωράφια"". Athinorama. Retrieved 8 March 2013. "Μετά τη διάλυση των Poll, ο Κώστας Τουρνάς ηχογράφησε τα «Απέραντα Χωράφια», ένα προοδευτικό-ψυχεδελικό σόλο άλμπουμ, το οποίο υπήρξε πράξη αντίστασης και ταυτόχρονα όαση μέσα στο μονότονο λαϊκό τοπίο της εποχής. Ήταν 1972. Μαζί με το συγκρότημα Ρουθ, o Κώστας Τουρνάς δεν παρέδωσε απλώς ένα συμβατικό rock δίσκο, αλλά μια rock opera, η οποία αναγνωρίζεται σήμερα ως ορόσημο του ελληνικού rock. Translation: After the breakup of Poll Kostas Tourns recorded Aperanta Horafia, a progressive-psychedelic solo album, which was an act of resistance and simultaneously an oasis from the monotone popular-music landscape of the era. Together with the rock group Routh, Tournas did not simply deliver a conventional rock record, but a rock opera, which is recognised today as a landmark of Greek rock." (Greek)
- Δελτίο Τύπου musicpaper.gr (11 Σεπτεμβρίου 2012). ""Απέραντα χωράφια" του Κώστα Τουρνά καρποφορούν 40 χρόνια μετά". musicpaper.gr. Retrieved 8 March 2013. "Η Ορχήστρα Σύγχρονης Μουσικής της ΕΡΤ υπό τη διεύθυνση του Στάθη Σούλη παρουσιάζει ένα μοναδικό μουσικό ταξίδι με ένα έργο ορόσημο της ελληνικής ροκ σκηνής [translation: presents a unique musical journey with a work-landmark in the Greek rock scene], το Σάββατο 15 Σεπτεμβρίου, στις 20:30, στο «Κηποθέατρο» του Δήμου Παπάγου. 40 χρόνια μετά «Τα απέραντα χωράφια» του Κώστα Τουρνά θα ακουστούν ξανά με τη σύμπραξη της Ορχήστρας Σύγχρονης Μουσικής της ΕΡΤ σε μια βραδιά-αφιέρωμα στη μουσική του..." (Greek)
- "Ο Σταύρος Λογαρίδης επιστρέφει". To Vima. 2011-04-13. Retrieved 9 March 2013. "O Σταύρος Λογαρίδης, αποστασιοποιημένος τα τελευταία χρόνια από τη μουσική σκηνή της Αθήνας, έγινε γνωστός τη δεκαετία του '70, όταν με το συγκρότημά του, τους θρυλικούς Poll, σάρωναν τις σκηνές της πόλης με μεγάλη επιτυχία και απήχηση στο νεανικό κοινό, παρέα με τον Κώστα Τουρνά και τον Ρόμπερτ Ουίλιαμς, γράφοντας μερικά από τα καλύτερα τραγούδια, τα οποία έμειναν στην ιστορία της ελληνικής μουσικής." (Greek)