Honda S2000

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Honda
S2000-logo.png
HondaS2000-004.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Honda Motor Company
Production 1999–2009
Designer Shigeru Uehara
Body and chassis
Class Sports car, Roadster
Body style 2-door roadster Hardtop
Layout FMR layout

The Honda S2000 is a roadster that was manufactured by Japanese automaker Honda between 1999 and 2009. First shown as a concept car at the Tokyo Motor Show in 1995, the production version was launched in April 1999 to celebrate the company's 50th anniversary. The S2000 is named for its engine displacement of 2 liters, carrying on in the tradition of the S500, S600, and S800 roadsters of the 1960s.

Several revisions were made throughout the car's lifetime, including changes to the engine, gearbox, suspension, and interior and exterior. Officially two variants exist: the initial launch model was given the chassis code AP1, Though cosmetically similar, the facelift version (known as the AP2 in the USA) incorporated significant changes to the drivetrain and suspension. Production of the S2000 ceased in June 2009. In Japan, it was exclusively sold through the Honda Verno sales channel.

Concept car[edit]

X-bone frame (yellow) used in the construction of the S2000 chassis.

Introduced at the 1995 Tokyo Motor Show,[1][2] the Honda Sport Study Model concept car was the design study for the production S2000. The SSM was a rear-wheel-drive roadster powered by a 2.0 L (122 cu in) inline 4-cylinder engine. It featured a rigid 'high X-bone frame' which Honda claimed improved the vehicle's rigidity and collision safety.[3] The concept car was constructed with aluminum body panels and featured a 50:50 weight distribution.[4]

The SSM appeared in many automotive shows for several years afterwards, hinting at the possibility of a production version, which Honda announced in 1999.

First generation (AP1, 1999–2003)[edit]

Honda S2000 (AP1)
File:MY2000 S2000 Front Lip.JPG
Overview
Production 1999–2003
Assembly Takanezawa R&D Plant in Tochigi, Japan

The S2000 was introduced in 1999 for the 2000 model year and was given the chassis designation of AP1. It featured a front mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout with power being delivered by a 1,997 cc (122 cu in) inline 4-cylinder DOHC-VTEC engine. The engine (codenamed F20C) produced outputs of 177–184 kW (237–247 hp), and 208–218 N·m (153–161 lbf·ft) depending on the target market.[5] The engine was mated to a six-speed manual transmission and Torsen limited slip differential. The S2000 achieved what Honda claimed as "the world's top level, high performance 4-cylinder naturally aspirated engine".[6]

2004 AP2 and 2000 AP1 model S2000s from above—the AP1 has OEM front lip, side strakes, and rear spoiler.

Features include independent double wishbone suspension, electrically assisted steering and integrated roll hoops. The car featured 16 in (41 cm) wheels with Bridgestone Potenza S-02 tires. The compact and lightweight engine, mounted entirely behind the front axle, allowed the S2000 to achieve a 50:50 front/rear weight distribution and lower rotational inertia. An electrically powered vinyl top with internal cloth lining was standard, with an aluminum hardtop available as an optional extra (in 2001). Honda offered Berlina Black, New Formula Red, Gran Prix White and Silverstone Metallic in the US domestic market.

The 2001 model was largely unchanged; Honda added a digital clock to the radio display and made the rear wind blocker standard. Honda also added Spa Yellow to the US domestic market lineup. For the 2002 model year, suspension settings were revised and the plastic rear window was replaced by a glass unit incorporating an electric defroster. Other updates included slightly revised tail lamps with chrome rings, an upgraded radio with separate tweeters, a leather gearshift knob, leatherette console cover and a revised engine control unit. Honda added Suzuka Blue to the US domestic market lineup.

The AP1 was manufactured up to 2003 at Honda's Takanezawa plant, alongside the Honda NSX and Honda Insight hybrid.[7]

Type V (Japan, 2000)[edit]

S2000 type V

The Japanese domestic market received the Type V edition starting in mid-2000. Variable Gear Ratio Steering (VGS), is a steering system that continuously changes steering ratio based upon vehicle speed and steering angle to provide improved handling. Honda announced the S2000 type V on July 7, 2000 as the first system of its kind. The lock-to-lock steering ratio was reduced to 1.4 turns (Stock is 2.4). Honda outfitted Type V cars with revised damper units, stabilizer and limited slip differential “to compliment the VGS.” Equipped cars came with a special steering wheel and a VGS badge on the rear. [8] The Type V steering/handling package.

Second generation known as AP2, and in Europe as AP1 Facelift, 2004–2009[edit]

Honda S2000
HondaS2000-007.jpg
Overview
Production 2004–2009
Assembly Suzuka R&D Plant in Suzuka, Mie, Japan

The 2004 model S2000 underwent several significant changes. Production of the S2000 moved to Suzuka. The new model introduced 17 in (43 cm) wheels and Bridgestone RE-050 tires along with a retuned suspension to reduce oversteer. The spring rates and shock absorber damping were altered and the suspension geometry modified to improve stability by reducing toe-in changes under cornering loads. The subframe has also received a revision in design to achieve a high rigidity. In the gearbox the brass synchronizers were replaced with carbon fiber. In addition, cosmetic changes were made to the exterior with new front and rear bumpers, revised headlight assemblies, new LED tail-lights, and oval-tipped exhausts. Although all the cosmetic, suspension and most drivetrain upgrades were included on the Japanese and European S2000s, they retained the 2.0l F20C engine and remained designated as an AP1.

2004 Honda S2000 showing revised rear end.

For the North American market the updates also included the introduction of a larger version of the F20C (F22C1), this larger engine gives rise to the chassis designation AP2.F22C1, the engine's stroke was lengthened, increasing its displacement to 2,157 cc (132 cu in). At the same time, the redline and fuel cutoff were reduced from 8,800 rpm and 9,000 rpm to 8,000 rpm and 8,200 rpm respectively, mandated by the longer travel of the pistons. Peak torque increased 6% to 220 N·m (160 lbf·ft) at 6,800 rpm while power output remained unchanged, 177 kW (237 hp) at a lower 7,800 rpm. In conjunction with its introduction of the F22C1, Honda also changed the transmission gear ratios by shortening the first five gears and lengthening the sixth.[9]

2004 Honda S2000 AP2 red/black interior.

In 2006, the F22C1 was also introduced to the Japanese market, with slightly higher outputs (178 kW (239 hp) and 221 N·m (163 lbf·ft)). The F20C continued in all other markets. The 2006 model introduced a drive by wire throttle, an electronic stability control system, new wheels, and one new exterior color, Laguna Blue Pearl. Interior changes included revised seats and additional stereo speakers integrated into the headrests.

Club Racer (U.S., 2008)[edit]

The 2007 model year marked the first time the S2000 was offered in more than one trim level in the United States.[10] In addition to the base model, Honda offered a more track-oriented version of the S2000, distinguished by reduced weight, fewer amenities, and an increase in performance. The S2000 Club Racer made its world debut at the New York International Auto Show on 4 April 2007.[11] Changes for the CR included a lower ratio steering rack, revised exhaust system, black lug nuts, darker colored wheels, clear side markers, stiffer suspension and all-new Bridgestone Potenza RE070 tires, widened at the rear from 245/40R-17 to 255/40R-17. A revised body kit, composed of a redesigned front lip, and a large spoiler, were wind-tunnel tested and claimed to reduce the overall coefficient of lift by 70–80%. The power folding soft top was removed and replaced with additional chassis bracing topped off with a tonneau cover, while the hard top, optional on other models, became a standard feature on the CR. Honda also revised the shift knob over the base with an exclusive spherical aluminum shift knob that rests 12.6 mm lower for a 6 percent reduction in shift stroke compared to the conventional S2000 cylindrical shift knob (aluminum/leather wrapped). Conversely, the shift load effort increased by 10 percent with the new design.

CR models were only available with yellow and black alcantara interior. Additionally the CR interior had faux carbon fiber overlays on the center console and radio door and a peak power indicator light on the instrument gauge cluster that would flash when the engine was producing its peak power output. Finally, in an effort to reduce weight and lower the center of gravity, the spare tire was omitted and air conditioning and stereo were offered only as options. Net weight savings without the additional hardtop came to 41 kg (90 lb) relative to the standard model. The engine in the S2000 CR was unchanged from the standard trim.[12][13] Shigeru Uehara, the designer of the S2000, stated that the CR was positioned between the Type S and a hypothetical Type R.[14] Honda has never made an official Type R for the S2000.

Production volume of less than 2,000 units was expected however the final number produced was 699 for the combined 2008 and 2009 model years. The production numbers were broken down as follows; Apex Blue Pearl: 200 (21 Delete models) Rio Yellow Pearl: 140 (20 Delete models) Berlina Black: 269 (10 Delete models) Grand Prix White: 90 (8 Delete models) for a total 699 (668 for 2008, 31 for 2009). Honda continued to offer both the standard and CR versions unchanged for the 2009 model year.

Type S (Japan, 2008)[edit]

The Japanese domestic market (JDM) received the Type S edition for the last two years of production (2008-2009). Changes are similar to the US market's CR edition, sharing the weight loss regime, a purpose built bodykit providing much higher downforce, finished with bespoke rims and interior. Although it shares the rims with the CR edition, the Type S retains the rear tire size of 245/40R-17 for more agile handling. A specific Type S suspension setup with improved geometry was designed to enhance the handling, the setup is stiffer but more compromising than the CR setup to more suit it to everyday spirited driving and the Japanese 'touge' experience.[15] The Type S retains its soft top folding mechanism.

The interior offered a Type S specific yellow and black alcantara material scheme. Leather interior from the standard S2000 was available as a free option. The aluminum shift knob with reduced shift stroke is shared with the CR. While the CR is designed to be the ultimate track car, the Type S is designed for improved handling and retains some creature comforts.[16] Only 100 copies of the Type S was made and sold exclusively in Japan.

GT (UK, 2009)[edit]

In the United Kingdom, the 2009 model was offered in both roadster and GT trim. The GT featured a removable hard-top and an outside temperature gauge. On-the-road prices of these trims were £27,300 and £27,850 respectively.

Ultimate Edition and GT Edition 100 (Europe, 2009)[edit]

The S2000 Ultimate Edition (continental Europe) and GT Edition 100 (UK) were limited versions of the S2000 released to commemorate the end of production. Both included Grand Prix White body colour, removable hard top, graphit coloured alloy wheels, red leather interior with red colouring for stitching on the gear lever gaiter.

The Ultimate Edition was unveiled at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show and went on sale in March 2009.[17] The GT Edition 100 was a limited run of 100 units released for the UK market. In addition to the Ultimate Edition's specification, it featured a black S2000 badge and a numbered plaque on the kick-plate indicating which vehicle in the series it was.[18]

Specifications[edit]

1999–2003
AP1 (F20C)[19]
2004–2009
AP1 (F20C)
2004–2009
AP2 (F22C1)[20][21]
2008–2009
AP2 CR (F22C1)[21]
Drivetrain
Engine Type naturally aspirated inline-4
Displacement 1,997 cc (122 cu in) 2,157 cc (132 cu in)
Power 177 kW (237 hp) @ 8,300 rpm (US & EU)
184 kW (247 hp) @ 8,300 rpm (JP)
177 kW (237 hp) @ 7,800 rpm (US)
178 kW (239 hp) @ 7,800 rpm (JP)
Torque 208 N·m (153 lbf·ft) @ 7,500 rpm (US & EU)
218 N·m (161 lbf·ft) @ 7,500 rpm (JP)
220 N·m (162 lbf·ft) @ 6,800 rpm (US)
221 N·m (163 lbf·ft) @ 6,500–7,500 rpm (JP)
Redline / Fuel cut-out 8,900 rpm / 9,200 rpm 8,000 rpm / 8,200 rpm
Bore & Stroke 87.0 mm (3.425 in) x 84.4 mm (3.323 in) 87.0 mm (3.425 in) x 90.7 mm (3.571 in)
Compression Ratio 11.0:1 (US & EU)
11.7:1 (JP)
11.1:1
Valvetrain 16-valve DOHC VTEC
Transmission 6-speed manual
Gear ratios[22] 1st: 3.133
2nd: 2.045
3rd: 1.481
4th: 1.161
5th: 0.970
6th: 0.810
Secondary gear reduction: 1.160
Final drive: 4.100
Reverse: 2.800
1st: 3.133
2nd: 2.045
3rd: 1.481
4th: 1.161
5th: 0.943
6th: 0.763
Secondary gear reduction: 1.208
Final drive: 4.100
Reverse: 2.800
Dimensions[23]
Weight 1,250 kg (2,756 lb)

1,260 kg (2,778 lb) (JP type V)

1,299 kg (2,864 lb) 1,254 kg (2,765 lb) w/o AC

1,295 kg (2,855 lb) w/ AC

Height 1,270 mm (50.0 in) 1,288 mm (51 in)
Width 1,750 mm (68.9 in) 1,750 mm (68.9 in)
Length 4,135 mm (162.8 in) 4,117 mm (162 in)
Wheelbase 2,400 mm (94.5 in)
Tires Bridgestone Potenza S-02
f: 205/55R16 89V
r: 225/50R16 92V
Bridgestone Potenza RE050
f: 215/45R17 87W
r: 245/40R17 91W
Bridgestone Potenza RE070
f: 215/45ZR17 87W
r: 255/40ZR17 94W
Wheels f: 16x6.5" +55mm
r: 16x7.5" +65mm
f: 17x7" +55mm
r: 17x8.5" +65mm
Brakes f: 300 mm (11.8 in) ventilated discs
r: 282 mm (11.1 in) solid discs

Dimensions are approximate and vary across markets and years for the same model.

Reviews and awards[edit]

The S2000 has received much praise from critics and motoring journalists and has received favourable reviews from such publications as Car and Driver. Highlighted are the high output of the engine, the high redline, the balanced handling, and the smooth gearbox. User surveys have named the S2000 as a favorite for overall customer satisfaction.[24]

Sales and production[edit]

After several years of steady production, sales of the roadster began falling dramatically starting in 2006, and the trend accelerated during the 2008 automotive industry crisis. In 2008, only 2,538 units were sold in the U.S. - a 74% decline from the 2002 sales peak. In November of that year, for the first time since its launch, only 90 new S2000s were sold nationwide during a calendar month.[39]

Production of the S2000 ceased in June 2009 [40] and plans for a successor were scrapped in the aftermath of the automotive industry crisis.[41] In its January 2009 announcement of the vehicle's production end, Honda reported that worldwide sales through the end of 2008 totaled 110,673 units.[42]

Calendar Year U.S.[39][43] Europe[43][44][45] Japan[43][46][47] Canada[43][48][49] Australia[50][51][52][53][54] New Zealand[55] Middle East/Africa[56]
1999 3,400 1,179 7,209 332 596    
2000 6,797 3,955 3,422 412 521    
2001 9,682 2,197 1,913 401 308    
2002 9,684 2,537 1,471 336 164 10  
2003 7,888 2,095 961 238 79    
2004 7,320 2,036 1,087 250 39    
2005 7,780 1,795 981 212 40 8  
2006 6,271 1,474 1,225 146 30 3  
2007 4,302 1,116 997 123 26 6 126
2008 2,538 709 1,228 65 15 4 82
2009 795 680 1,122 49   2  
2010* 85 20 42 21      
2011* 5            
TOTAL 66,547 19,793 21,658 2,585 1,818 33 208

*Note: No new cars were produced in 2010 and 2011; sales represent clearance of residual inventory.
Figures are not directly comparable as they are obtained through different methodologies in different markets.

References[edit]

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External links[edit]