Huntington Creek (Pennsylvania)
Huntington Creek is a tributary of Fishing Creek (North Branch Susquehanna River) in Luzerne and Columbia counties, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 29.5 miles (47.5 km) long.
Huntington Creek begins in Lake Township, Luzerne County. It flows west-southwest for more than a mile and then enters Ross Township. In this township, the creek turns south for approximately two miles and its valley widens. It presently turns west and crosses Pennsylvania Route 118. On the other side of Pennsylvania Route 118, the creek turns southwest and receives its first named tributary, Mitchler Run. A short distance downstream, it receives the tributary Laurel Run. The creek then makes a sharp turn south, picking up the tributary Shingle Run, and then makes a sharp turn west and receives the tributary Arnold Creek. As Huntington Creek continues west, its valley gets deeper and broader and it receives Lick Branch. The creek then enters Fairmount Township. Upon entering this township, it passes by Jackson Hill and receives Phillips Creek. It then turns south for several miles and its valley becomes far broader. The creek then enters Huntington Township, where it picks up the tributary Kitchen Creek. It continues south past the community of Harveyville, where its valley narrows. The creek then turns southeast for a few miles, picking up the tributary Rogers Creek, passing Huntington Mills, and crossing Pennsylvania Route 239. Over the next several miles, the creek turns west and begins flowing parallel to Huntington Mountain. A few miles later, it picks up Kingsbury Brook and leaves Luzerne County.
Upon leaving Luzerne County, Huntington Creek enters Fishing Creek Township, Columbia County. Approximately a mile downstream, the creek passes through Jonestown, where it receives Pine Creek, its last named tributary. After flowing parallel to Huntington Mountain and Knob Mountain for a few miles, it reaches its confluence with Fishing Creek near the community of Forks.
Huntington Creek joins Fishing Creek 15.10 miles (24.30 km) upstream of its mouth.
Major tributaries of Huntington Creek include Kitchen Creek and Pine Creek. Kitchen Creek joins Huntington Creek 16.02 miles (25.78 km) upstream of its mouth and its watershed has an area of 20.10 square miles (52.1 km2). Pine Creek joins Huntington Creek 4.26 miles (6.86 km) upstream of its mouth. Its watershed has an area of 30.7 square miles (80 km2).
The waters of Huntington Creek increase the size of Fishing Creek by a factor of two.
Geography and geology
The elevation near the mouth of Huntington Creek is 620 feet (190 m) above sea level. The elevation of the creek's source is between 1,620 feet (490 m) and 1,640 feet (500 m) above sea level. Upstream of Kitchen Creek, its elevation decreases by 50.9 feet (15.5 m) per mile. Between Kitchen Creek and Pine Creek, the elevation decreases by 13.2 feet (4.0 m) per mile. Between Pine Creek and the mouth, the elevation decreases by 18.9 feet (5.8 m) per mile.
The channel of Huntington Creek braids and splits in places. There are also strainers and deadfalls on the creek. Its channel is sinuous. The creek also has alluvial floodplains nearby. Lakes and swamps created by glaciers are found in the upper reaches of the watershed. Parts of the creek, especially in its lower reaches, have wide bottom lands.
Huntington Creek is mostly surrounded by farms, pine-covered hills, and Huntington Mountain, although there are several villages and a few summer homes on the creek near Jonestown. The area in the vicinity of the creek is sparsely inhabited and "rugged", with a 1921 book describing the watershed as "broken, mountainous country". There are no major highways near the creek.
There are three dams on Huntington Creek. The largest is a dam above Jonestown, which is 6 feet (1.8 m) high. A dam that is 3 feet (0.91 m) high is located 0.5 miles (0.80 km) downstream of Huntington Mills. The smallest dam on the creek is in Huntington Mills. This dam is 2 feet (0.61 m) high.
History and industries
There were numerous communities in the watershed of Huntington Creek in the early 1900s. In 1921, the largest were Harveyville, with 230 people; Huntington Mills, with 229 people; Cambria, with 213 people; Fishing Creek, with 205 people; New Columbus, with 175 people; and Register, with 150 people.
Many bridges cross Huntington Creek, some of which are covered bridges. A pair of twin covered bridges crosses the creek in Columbia County. The names of the bridges are the Twin Bridges-West Paden Covered Bridge No. 121 and the Twin Bridges-East Paden Covered Bridge No. 120. The bridges were built in 1850 and repaired in 1884 by W.C. Pennington. They were the last remaining pair of twin covered bridges in Pennsylvania until a flood washed away the West Paden Bridge on June 28, 2006. The West Paden Bridge was rebuilt in 2008. The Josiah Hess Covered Bridge No. 122 also crosses the creek in Columbia County. It was built in 1875 by Joseph Redline and W.J. Manning.
Two bridges historically crossed Huntington Creek in Luzerne County: the Bittenbender Covered Bridge and the Huntington Mills Covered Bridge. The former was destroyed on June 28, 2006 and the latter was destroyed on an unknown date.
In addition to covered bridges, a number of other bridges cross Huntington Creek. Two bridges were built across the creek in Luzerne County in 1890 and 1891, followed by two more in 1910. Two more bridges were built in 1969 and 1970, followed by one in 1985 and one in 1994. Three bridges were build across the creek in Luzerne County in 2000 and 2001. The newest bridge across the creek in that county was built in 2007. The oldest bridges are metal truss bridges, while the newer ones are prestressed box beam bridges. Additionally, three bridges were built over the creek in Columbia County in 1959 and 1961.
Huntington Creek is listed as a Natural Heritage Area on the Luzerne County Natural Areas Inventory. The creek is also designated as a high-quality coldwater fishery.
Edward Gertler states in his book Keystone Canoeing that Huntington Creek is ideal for novice canoers. It is possible to canoe on the creek during snowmelts or within several days of heavy rain. Gertler describes the creek's scenery as "good". A total of 17.1 miles (27.5 km) of the creek are possible to canoe on.
- United States Geological Survey, The National Map Viewer, retrieved September 1, 2014
- Pennsylvania Gazetteer of Streams, November 2, 2001, retrieved September 1, 2014
- Edward Gertler (1984), Keystone Canoeing, Seneca Press
- Water Supply Commission of Pennsylvania, Water Resources Inventory Report, p. 378, retrieved September 1, 2014
- Topographic Map Stream Features in Columbia County, Pennsylvania, retrieved September 1, 2014
- East Paden, Columbia County, retrieved September 1, 2014
- Josiah Hess or Laubach, Columbia County, retrieved September 1, 2014
- lostbridges.org inventory - select Pennsylvania for the state and Luzerne for the county, retrieved September 1, 2014
- Luzerne County, retrieved September 1, 2014
- Columbia County, retrieved September 1, 2014
- Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program (Western Pennsylvania Conservancy) (1998/2006), A NATURAL AREAS INVENTORY LUZERNE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA, retrieved September 1, 2014
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