ICC Champions Trophy

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ICC Champions Trophy
ICC Champions Trophy logo.png
Administrator International Cricket Council
Format One Day International
First tournament 1998
Tournament format Round robin (current)
Knock-out (previously)
Number of teams 8
Current champion  India (2nd title)
Most successful  India (2 titles)
 Australia (2 titles)
Most runs West Indies Cricket Board Chris Gayle (791)
Most wickets New Zealand Kyle Mills (28)
Website Official Website
2017 ICC Champions Trophy

The ICC Champions Trophy is a One Day International (ODI) cricket tournament organised by the International Cricket Council (ICC), second in importance only to the Cricket World Cup. It was inaugurated as the ICC Knock Out Tournament in 1998 and has been played approximately every two years since, its name was changed to the Champions Trophy in 2002. The number of teams competing has varied over the years; originally all the ICC's full members took part, and from 2000 to 2004 associate members were also involved. Since 2009, the tournament has only involved the eight highest-ranked ODI teams as of six months prior to the tournament. Despite positive responses to the 2013 tournament and earlier press speculation,[1] the ICC confirmed that the 2013 Champions Trophy was to be the last, with its place in the cricketing calendar taken by a new ICC World Test Championship.[2] However in January 2014, it was confirmed by the ICC that a Champions Trophy tournament will take place in 2017 and the proposed World Test Championship has been cancelled.[3]

Format[edit]

The Champions Trophy differs from the World Cup in a number of ways. The Champions Trophy takes place every two years, while the World Cup is held every four years. The matches in the Champions Trophy are held over a period of around two weeks, while the World Cup can last for over a month. For 2002 and 2004, twelve teams played a round-robin tournament in four pools of three, with the top team in each pool moving forward to the semi-final. A team would play only four games (two in the pool, semi-final and final) to win the tournament. In 2006, eight teams played in two pools of four, with the top two teams in each pool playing in the semi-finals. Losing even a single match would potentially mean elimination from the tournament.

The format used in the Knock Out tournaments differed from the formats used in the Champions Trophy. The competition was a straight knock out, with no pools and the loser in each game being eliminated. Only 8 games were played in 1998, and 10 games in 2000.

Results[edit]

The first two tournaments, in 1998 and 2000, were intended to raise the profile of the game in the host nations, Bangladesh and Kenya.

Year 1998 ICC Knock Out tournament[edit]

Won by  South Africa

All of the matches in the 1998 tournament were played in Bangladesh at Bangabandhu National Stadium. The tournament was won by South Africa who beat West Indies in the final. Philo Wallace of West Indies was the leading run scorer in the tournament of scoring 221 runs. This was the first and till date the only ICC event won by South Africa.

Year 2000 ICC Knock Out tournament[edit]

Won by  New Zealand

All of the matches in the 2000 tournament were played in Nairobi, Kenya. All the test playing nations participated in the tournament along with the leading Associates Bangladesh and hosts Kenya. There were three qualifying matches before the Quarter Finals, involving Kenya, India, Sri Lanka, West Indies, Bangladesh and England. The tournament was won by New Zealand who beat India in the final. Indian skipper Sourav Ganguly (348) was the leading run scorer in this tournament. Venkatesh Prasad (8) was the leading wicket taker. This was the first and till date the only ICC event won by New Zealand.

2002 ICC Champions Trophy[edit]

Won by  India/ Sri Lanka

The 2002 ICC Champions Trophy was held in Sri Lanka, and included the 10 ICC Test playing nations including the newly appointed full member Bangladesh, Kenya (ODI status) and the 2001 ICC Trophy winners Netherlands. The final between India and Sri Lanka was washed out twice to leave no result. First, Sri Lanka played 50 overs and then India played two overs before the rain caused interruption. The next day, Sri Lanka again played 50 overs and India played eight overs. In the end India and Sri Lanka were declared joint winners. The teams played 110 overs, but there was no result. Virender Sehwag (271) had the highest number of runs in the tournament and Muralitharan (10) had the highest number of wicket.[4]

2004 ICC Champions Trophy[edit]

Won by  West Indies

ICC CT 2004 was held in England the and the nations competing included the ten ICC Test nations, Kenya (ODI status), and – making their One Day International debut – the United States who qualified by winning the recent ICC 6 Nations Challenge. The completion was more like a knockout series where teams if losing even one game at league stage are out of the tournament. 12 teams divided into 4 groups and table topper from each group played semi's. ENG defeated AUS in 1st semi-final to make it 4th appearance in final of an ICC event. PAK lose to WI in second semi final which was a low scoring game. In the final game WI team under Lara's leadership pulled off a tense match with the help of wicket keeper C Browne and tailender's Ian Bradshaw.

2006 ICC Champions Trophy[edit]

Won by  Australia

The 2006 ICC Champions Trophy was held in India with the final on 5 November 2006. A new format was used. Eight teams were competing in the group phase: the top six teams in the ICC ODI Championship on 1 April 2006, plus two teams chosen from the other four Test-playing teams Sri Lanka, West Indies, Bangladesh and Zimbabwe, chosen from a pre-tournament round robin qualifying round. West Indies and Sri Lanka qualified ahead of Bangladesh and Zimbabwe.

The eight teams were then split into two groups of four in a round robin competition. While Australia and West Indies qualified from Group A, South Africa and New Zealand qualified from Group B for the semifinals. Australia and West Indies reached the final defeating New Zealand and South Africa, respectively. In the final, Australia beat West Indies by 8 wickets to win the trophy for the first time. The venues for the tournament were Mohali, Ahmedabad, Jaipur and Mumbai.

2009 ICC Champions Trophy (Postponed from 2008)[edit]

Won by  Australia

In 2006, the ICC selected Pakistan to host the 2008 ICC Champions Trophy.

On 24 August 2008 it was announced that the 2008 ICC Champions Trophy in Pakistan has been postponed to October 2009 as several countries were reluctant to visit Pakistan for security reasons. However due to the crowded international schedule around that date, and concerns about whether the security situation would have changed by that time, there was widespread scepticism whether it would actually take place in 2009.[5]

On 16 March 2009, an announcement was made that the ICC has recommended that the 2009 ICC Champions Trophy be moved from Pakistan to South Africa.[6]

On 2 April 2009, Cricket South Africa confirmed that it would host the 2009 ICC Champions Trophy from 24 September to 5 October. The Board accepted recommendations from the ICC that Liberty Life Wanderers (Johannesburg) and Supersport Park (Centurion) be the host venues. The details of SA’s hosting of the Champions Trophy were ironed out at a meeting between CSA’s CEO Gerald Majola and ICC general manager – Commercial, Campbell Jamieson. Majola confirmed that the six warm-up games will be played at Benoni’s Willowmoore Park, and Senwes Park in Potchefstroom.[7]

Australia beat England by 9 wickets in the 1st semi-final, and New Zealand beat Pakistan by 5 wickets in the 2nd semi-final, to set up a final that saw Australia beat New Zealand by 6 wickets, in 45.2 overs.

2013 ICC Champions Trophy[edit]

Won by  India

England and Wales hosted the 2013 Champions Trophy.[8] England became the only country to host the Champions Trophy twice.[9] ICC World Test Championship has been postponed to 2017 at the earliest amidst earlier reports.[10] India, Sri Lanka, South Africa and England qualified for the semi-final stage. India and England won their respective games comprehensively and the final between the two took place on 23 June 2013. India beat England by 5 runs at Edgbaston. Ravindra Jadeja was selected as the man of the match and he also received the "Golden Ball" for taking the most wickets. Shikhar Dhawan received the "Golden Bat" for scoring the most runs in the series and was also the man of the series for his outstanding performance. This was India's second time winning the trophy, after 2002. MS Dhoni became the first skipper to win all the major ICC trophies.

Records[edit]

National team Final appearances Winners Runners-up Years won Years runners-up
 India 3 2 1 2002, 2013 2000
 Australia 2 2 0 2006, 2009
 West Indies 3 1 2 2004 1998, 2006
 New Zealand 2 1 1 2000 2009
 Sri Lanka 1 1 0 2002
 South Africa 1 1 0 1998
 England 2 0 2 2004, 2013

Bowling[edit]

Leading wicket takers[11]
Player Matches Wickets Runs
New Zealand Kyle Mills 15 28 483
Sri Lanka Muttiah Muralitharan 17 24 484
Sri Lanka Lasith Malinga 13 22 587
Australia Brett Lee 16 22 591
Australia Glenn McGrath 12 21 412
Best bowling figures in an innings[12]
Player Opponents Overs Maidens Wickets Runs Year
Sri Lanka Farveez Maharoof West Indies Cricket Board West Indies 9.0 2 6 14 2006
Pakistan Shahid Afridi Kenya Kenya 6.0 1 5 11 2004
South Africa Makhaya Ntini Pakistan Pakistan 6.0 2 5 21 2006
West Indies Cricket Board Mervyn Dillon Bangladesh Bangladesh 10.0 4 5 29 2004
South Africa Jacques Kallis West Indies Cricket Board West Indies 7.3 0 5 30 1998
New Zealand Jacob Oram United States United States 9.4 1 5 36 2004
India Ravindra Jadeja West Indies Cricket Board West Indies 10.0 2 5 36 2013
Australia Glenn McGrath New Zealand New Zealand 7.0 1 5 37 2002
New Zealand Shayne O'Connor Pakistan Pakistan 9.2 0 5 46 2000
South Africa Wayne Parnell New Zealand New Zealand 8.0 0 5 57 2009

Batting[edit]

Highest run scorers[13]
Player Matches Innings Not out Runs High score
West Indies Cricket Board Chris Gayle 17 17 2 791 133*
Sri Lanka Mahela Jayawardene 22 21 3 742 84*
Sri Lanka Kumar Sangakkara 22 21 3 683 134*
India Sourav Ganguly 13 11 2 665 141*
South Africa Jacques Kallis 17 17 3 653 113*
India Rahul Dravid 19 15 2 627 76
Australia Ricky Ponting 18 18 3 593 111*
West Indies Cricket Board Shivnarine Chanderpaul 16 16 5 587 74
Sri Lanka Sanath Jayasuriya 20 20 2 536 102*

* signifies not out

References[edit]

  1. ^ "No Champions Trophy after 2013". ESPNcricinfo. 17 April 2012. 
  2. ^ "ICC confirms World Test Championship in England in 2017". BBC Sport. 29 June 2013. Retrieved 29 June 2013. 
  3. ^ http://tvnz.co.nz/cricket-news/watered-down-icc-proposal-significant-nz-5814010
  4. ^ "All About ICC Champions Trophy". 
  5. ^ Osman Samiuddin (25 August 2008). "A devastating decision". Cricinfo.com. 
  6. ^ "ICC board endorses South Africa to host Champions Trophy". Cricinfo.com. 16 March 2009. 
  7. ^ "CSA to host ICC Champions Trophy". Cricket South Africa. 
  8. ^ "England to host 2013 Champions Trophy tournament". BBC. 1 July 2010. 
  9. ^ "No ICC Champions Trophy after 2013". NDTV Sports. 17 April 2012. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  10. ^ "ICC Postpone Test Championship until at least 2017". BBC. 14 November 2011. 
  11. ^ "ICC Champions Trophy (ICC KnockOut) / Records / Most wickets". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 30 June 2013. 
  12. ^ "ICC Champions Trophy (ICC KnockOut) / Records / Best bowling figures in an innings". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 30 June 2013. 
  13. ^ "ICC Champions Trophy (ICC KnockOut) / Records / Most runs". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 30 June 2013.