West Indies cricket team

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"Windies" redirects here. For the geographical area, see West Indies.
West Indies
West Indies cricket crest
West Indies cricket crest
Test status acquired 1928
First Test match v England at Lord's, London, 23–26 June 1928
Captain Denesh Ramdin (Test)
Dwayne Bravo (ODI)
Darren Sammy (T20)
Coach Richie Richardson
Official ICC Test, ODI and T20I ranking 8th (Test)
8th (ODI)
7th(T20) [1] [2]
Test matches
– This year
490
10
Last Test match v New Zealand at Seddon Park, Hamilton, 19-22 December 2013
Wins/losses
– This year
158/162
4/4
As of 8 June 2014

The West Indian cricket team, also known as the West Indies or, colloquially, the Windies, is a multi-national cricket team representing a sporting confederation of 15 mainly English-speaking Caribbean countries, British dependencies and non-British dependencies.

From the mid-1970s to the early 1990s, the West Indies team was one of the strongest in the world in both Test and One Day International cricket. A number of cricketers considered among the best in the world have hailed from the West Indies: Sir Garfield Sobers, Lance Gibbs, Gordon Greenidge, George Headley, Brian Lara, Clive Lloyd, Malcolm Marshall, Andy Roberts, Alvin Kallicharran, Rohan Kanhai, Sir Frank Worrell, Clyde Walcott, Everton Weekes, Curtly Ambrose, Michael Holding, Courtney Walsh, Joel Garner and Sir Viv Richards have all been inducted into the ICC Hall of Fame.[1]

The West Indies have won the ICC Cricket World Cup twice, in 1975 and 1979, the ICC World Twenty20 once, in 2012, the ICC Champions Trophy once, in 2004, and were runners up in the Under 19 Cricket World Cup in 2004. The first cricket team to win the World Cup twice, their record was surpassed by four World Cup wins by Australia, and equalled by India in 2011. West Indies are also the first team to win back to back World Cups, since surpassed by three consecutive World Cup wins by Australia (1999, 2003 and 2007). West Indies is the first team to appear in three consecutive World Cup finals (1975, 1979 and 1983), since surpassed by four consecutive World Cup finals appearances by Australia (1996, 1999, 2003 and 2007).

Member states and dependencies[edit]

Flag of the West Indies Cricket Board and Team

The current side represents:

Legends
L = Participant of the Leeward Islands team and member of the Leeward Islands Cricket Association
W = Participant of the Windward Islands team and member of the Windward Islands Cricket Board of Control
Notes
  1. ^ Saint Kitts and Nevis are separately represented in the Leeward Islands Cricket Association.
  2. ^ British Overseas Territories.
  3. ^ Constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands and part of the Dutch Caribbean.
  4. ^ Unincorporated organized territory of the United States.

Affiliates in West Indies Cricket Board[edit]

The West Indies Cricket Board, the governing body of the team, consists of the six cricket associations of Barbados, Guyana, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Leeward Islands and Windward Islands. The Leeward Islands Cricket Association consists of associations of one sovereign state (Antigua and Barbuda), the two entities of Saint Kitts and Nevis, three British Overseas Territories (Anguilla, Montserrat and British Virgin Islands) and two other dependencies (US Virgin Islands and Sint Maarten). The Windward Islands Cricket Board of Control consists of associations of four sovereign states (Dominica, Grenada, Saint Lucia and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines).

Currently, Cayman Islands and Turks and Caicos Islands, other historical parts of the former West Indies Federation and now British Overseas Territories, have their own teams.

National teams also exist for the various islands, which, as they are all separate countries, very much keep their local identities and support their local favourites. These national teams take part in the West Indian first-class competition, the Carib Beer Cup (earlier known as the Busta Cup, Shell Shield and various other names).[2] It is also common for other international teams to play the island teams for warm-up games before they take on the combined West Indies team.

The official population number for those countries and dependencies is estimated to around 6 million, which is larger than Scotland and the Republic of Ireland.

The member association of WICB are:

Potential future members[edit]

History[edit]

Learie Constantine, who played Test cricket in the 1920s and 1930s, was one of the first great West Indian players.
The West Indies have won four major tournament titles: the World Cup twice, the Champions Trophy once, and most recently the World Twenty20 once. The last was under the captaincy of Darren Sammy in October 2012.

The history of the West Indies cricket team began in the 1890s, when the first representative sides were selected to play visiting English sides. The WICB joined the sport's international ruling body, the Imperial Cricket Conference, in 1926,[3] and played their first official international match, granted Test status, in 1928,[4] thus becoming the fourth Test nation.

The last series the West Indies played before the outbreak of the Second World War was against England in 1939. There followed a hiatus that lasted until January 1948 when the MCC toured the West Indies.[5] Of the West Indies players in that first match after the war only Gerry Gomez, George Headley, Jeffrey Stollmeyer, and Foffie Williams had previously played Test cricket.[6] In 1948, leg spinner Wilfred Ferguson became the first West Indian bowler to take ten wickets in a Test, finishing with 11/229 in a match against England;[7] later that same year Hines Johnson became the first West Indies fast bowler to achieve the feat, managing 10/96 against the same opponents.[8] Although blessed with some great players in their early days as a Test nation, and beating England for the first time at Lord's on 29 June 1950, their successes remained sporadic until the 1960s when the side changed from a white-dominated to a black-dominated side. By the 1970s, the West Indies had a side recognised as unofficial world champions, a reputation they retained throughout the 1980s.[9] During these glory years, the West Indies were noted for their four-man fast bowling attack, backed up by some of the best batsmen in the world. In 1976, fast bowler Michael Holding took 14/149 in a Test against England, setting a record which still stands today for best bowling figures in a Test by a West Indies bowler.[10][11]

The 1980s saw the team set a then-record streak of 11 consecutive Test victories in 1984 and inflict two 5–0 "blackwashes" against the old enemy of England. Throughout the 1990s and 2000s, however, West Indian cricket declined, largely owing to the failure of the West Indian Cricket Board to move the game from an amateur pastime to a professional sport, coupled with the general economic decline in West Indian countries, and the team today is struggling to regain its past glory.

In their early days in the 1930s, the side represented the British colonies that would later form the West Indies Federation plus British Guiana.

Flag and anthem[edit]

Former flag of the West Indies cricket team used until 1999. This flag became a public domain. The current version is similar to this but the new one is copyrighted.

Most cricketing nations use their own national flags for cricketing purposes. However, as the West Indies represent a number of independent states and dependencies, there is no natural choice of flag. The WICB has, therefore, developed an insignia showing a palm tree and cricket stumps on a small sunny island (see the top of this article). This insignia, on a maroon background, makes up the West Indian flag. The background sometimes has a white stripe above a green stripe, which is separated by a maroon stripe, passing horizontally through the middle of the background.[12] Prior to 1999, the WICB(C) had used a similar insignia featuring a palm tree and an island, but there were no stumps and, instead of the sun, there was the constellation Orion.

For ICC tournaments, "Rally Round the West Indies" by David Rudder is used as the team's anthem.

Venues[edit]

The following eleven stadia have been used for at least one Test match.[13] The number of Tests played at each venue followed by the number of One Day Internationals and twenty20 internationals played at that venue is in brackets as of 11 July 2011:

Queen's Park Oval in Port of Spain, Trinidad (58/61/3)

The Queen's Park Oval has hosted more Test matches than any other ground in the Caribbean and first hosted a Test match in 1930. The ground is considered one of the most picturesque venues in the world of cricket, featuring the view Trinidad's Northern Range. It has a capacity of over 25,000.

Kensington Oval in Bridgetown, Barbados (48/30/13)

Kensington Oval hosted the region's first Test match in 1930 and is recognised as the 'Mecca' of West Indies cricket. It also played host to the first-ever Test triple century, Andy Sandham's 325. Its capacity has been increased from 15,000 to its current 28,000 for the 2007 World Cup.

Bourda in Georgetown, Guyana (30/11/0)

Bourda first hosted a Test match in 1930. It was the only Test ground in South America (until the use of Providence), and the only one below sea level and with its own moat (to prevent the pitch from frequent flooding). It has a capacity of around 22,000.

Sabina Park in Kingston, Jamaica (45/33/0)

Sabina Park first hosted a Test match in 1930. The Blue Mountains, which are famed for their coffee, form the backdrop. Sabina Park played host to Garry Sobers' then world-record 365 not out. In 1998 the Test against England was abandoned here on the opening day because the pitch was too dangerous. It has a capacity of 15,000.

Antigua Recreation Ground in St John's, Antigua (22/11/0)

Antigua Recreation Ground first hosted a Test in 1981. Three Test triple centuries have been scored on this ground: Chris Gayle's 317 in 2005, and Brian Lara's world record scores of 375 in 1994 and 400 not out in 2004. The historic stadium was removed from the roster of grounds hosting international matches in June 2006, to make way for the island's new cricket stadium, being constructed 3 miles outside the capital city expected to be completed in time for its hosting of matches for Cricket World Cup 2007. However, after the abandoned Test match between England and the West Indies in February 2009 at the new North Sound ground, Test cricket returned to the ARG.

Arnos Vale in Arnos Vale, Kingstown, St Vincent (2/23/0)

The Arnos Vale Ground a.k.a. The Playing Fields first hosted a Test in 1997.

National Cricket Stadium in St George's, Grenada (2/16/0)

Queen's Park, Grenada first hosted a Test in 2002.

Beausejour Stadium in Gros Islet, St Lucia (3/23/12)

The Beausejour Stadium first hosted a Test in 2003. It has a capacity of 12,000. This was the first stadium in the Caribbean to host a day-night cricket match. The match was between the West Indies and Zimbabwe. New Zealand is scheduled to play a test in 2014 to mark the return to test cricket after a break of 8 years.

Warner Park Stadium in Basseterre, St Kitts (3/13/1)

The Warner Park Sporting Complex hosted its first One Day International on 23 May 2006 and its first Test match on 22 June 2006. The stadium has a permanent capacity of 8,000, with provisions for temporary stands to enable the hosting figure to past 10,000.

Providence Stadium in Georgetown, Guyana (2/11/6)

The Providence Stadium hosted its first One Day International on 28 March 2007 for the 2007 Cricket World Cup and its first Test match on 22 March 2008. The stadium has a permanent capacity of 15,000, and is to host Test cricket instead of Bourda.

Sir Vivian Richards Stadium in North Sound, Antigua (3/10/2)

The Sir Viv Richards Stadium hosted its first One Day International on 27 March 2007 for the 2007 Cricket World Cup and its first Test match on 30 May 2008. The stadium has a permanent capacity of 10,000, and is to host Test cricket instead of the Antigua Recreation Ground.

Windsor Park Stadium in Roseau, Dominica (2/4/0)

Windsor Park is another major cricket ground in the West Indies and home venue for the West Indian team. Construction first started on it in 2005, and it finally opened in October 2007, too late to serve as a venue for the 2007 Cricket World Cup. It hosts first-class cricket and hosted its first test on 6 July 2011 against India, however it held its first One Day International on 26 July 2009. It has a seating capacity of 12,000.

Three further stadia have been used for One Day Internationals,[14] but not Test matches. The number of One Day Internationals played at each venue is in brackets:

Clothing[edit]

Viv Richards, who has a Test batting average of 50.23 from 121 matches, captained the West Indies from 1983–84 to 1991, a period throughout which the West Indies were the best Test match side in the world.

When playing one-day cricket, the Windies wear a maroon-coloured shirt and trousers. The shirt also sports the logo of the West Indian Cricket Board and the name of their sponsors, at present, Digicel. The one-day cap is maroon with the WICB logo on the left of the front, with two yellow stripes.

When playing first-class cricket, in addition to their cricket flannels West Indian fielders sometimes wear a maroon sunhat with a wide brim. The WICB logo is on the front of the hat. Helmets are coloured similarly.

During World Series Cricket, coloured uniforms were adopted. The initial West Indies uniform was pink and was later changed to maroon to match their Test match caps. Grey was also added as a secondary colour. In some of their uniforms grey has been dominant over the traditional maroon.

West Indian women's cricket team[edit]

The West Indian women's cricket team has a much lower profile than the men's team. They played 11 Test matches between 1975–76 and 1979, winning once, losing three times, and drawing the other games. Since then, they have only played one further Test match, a draw game against Pakistan in 2003–04.[15] They also have an infrequent record in One Day Internationals. A team from Trinidad and Tobago and a team from Jamaica played in the first women's World Cup in 1973, with both sides faring poorly, finishing fifth and sixth respectively out of a field of seven.[16] The Windies united as a team to play their first ODI in 1979, but thereafter did not play until the 1993 World Cup. The side has never been one of the leading sides in the world, however, with their main success being achieving second place in the International Women's Cricket Council Trophy, a competition for the second tier of women's national cricket teams, in 2003. They finished in fifth place in the most recent World Cup, which was held in 2004–05. Their overall record in one-dayers is to have played 45, won 17, lost 27 with one no result.[17]

Because of the women's side's relatively low profile, there are few well-known names in the game. The most notable is probably Nadine George, a wicket-keeper/batsman, who became the first, and to date only, West Indian woman to score a Test century, in Karachi, Pakistan in 2003–04. George is a prominent supporter of sport in the West Indies, and in particular in her native St Lucia, and in 2005 was made an MBE by HRH The Prince of Wales for services to sport.[18]

Statistics and records[edit]

Test matches[edit]

Brian Lara holds the world record for highest score in Test cricket (400 vs England in 2003–04).
Innings totals above 700

For: 790 for 3 declared against Pakistan in Kingston in 1957–58; 751 for 5 declared against England in St John's in 2003–04; 747 all out against South Africa in St John's in 2004–05; 749 for 9 declared against England in Bridgetown in 2008–2009
Against: 849 by England in Kingston in 1929–30; 758 for 8 declared by Australia in Kingston in 1954–55

Innings totals below 60

For: 47 against England in Kingston in 2003–04; 51 against Australia in Port of Spain in 1998–99; 53 against Pakistan in Faisalabad in 1986–87; 54 against England at Lord's in 2000
Against: 46 by England in Port of Spain in 1993–94; 51 by England in Kingston in 2008–09

Triple centuries scored for the Windies

400 not out by Brian Lara against England at St John's in 2003–04; 375 by Brian Lara against England at St John's in 1993–94; 365 not out by Garry Sobers against Pakistan at Kingston in 1957–58; 333 by Chris Gayle against Sri Lanka at Galle in 2010–11; 317 by Chris Gayle against South Africa at St John's in 2004–05; 302 by Lawrence Rowe against England at Bridgetown in 1973–74

Twelve or more wickets taken for the Windies in a Test match

14 for the cost of 149 runs by Michael Holding against England at the Oval in 1976; 13 for 55 by Courtney Walsh against New Zealand in Wellington in 1994–95; 12 for 121 by Andy Roberts against India in Madras in 1974–75

Hat-Tricks

Wes Hall against Pakistan in 1959; Lance Gibbs against Australia in 1961; Courtney Walsh against Australia in 1988; and Jermaine Lawson against Australia in 2003

One day matches[edit]

Hat-trick

An ODI hat-trick performance was made by Jerome Taylor on 19 October 2006 at Mumbai in an ICC Champions Trophy league match against Australia.[19]

At the ICC 2011 Cricket World Cup, Kemar Roach became the sixth bowler to claim a World Cup hat-trick against the Netherlands.

Squad[edit]

This lists all the players who have played for West Indies in the past year and the forms in which they have played. Correct as of 14 July 2013.

Name Age Batting Style Bowling Style Domestic team Forms S/N
T20I captain and all-rounder
Darren Sammy 30 Right-Handed Bat Right-Arm-Medium-Fast Windward Islands ODI, T20I 88
Test captain and Wicket-keeper
Denesh Ramdin 29 Right-Handed Bat Trinidad and Tobago Test, ODI, T20I 80
ODI captain and all-rounder
Dwayne Bravo 30 Right-Handed Bat Right-Arm Medium-Fast Trinidad and Tobago ODI, T20I 47
Opening batsmen
Johnson Charles 25 Right-Handed Bat Right-Arm-Medium-Fast Windward Islands ODI, T20I 25
Chris Gayle 34 Left-Handed Bat Right-Arm Off-Break Jamaica Test, ODI, T20I 45
Kieran Powell 24 Left-Handed Bat Right-Arm Medium
Right-Arm Off-Break
Leeward Islands Test, ODI 73
Lendl Simmons 29 Right-Handed Bat Right-Arm Medium-Fast Trinidad and Tobago ODI, T20I 54
Middle-order batsmen
Darren Bravo 25 Left-Handed Bat Left-Arm Medium-Fast Trinidad and Tobago Test, ODI, T20I 46
Shivnarine Chanderpaul 40 Left-Handed Bat Right-Arm Leg Spin Guyana Test 6
Narsingh Deonarine 31 Left-Handed Bat Right-Arm Off Break Guyana Test 66
Kirk Edwards 29 Right-Handed Bat Right-Arm Off Break Barbados Test 30
Marlon Samuels 33 Right-Handed Bat Right-Arm Off-Break Jamaica Test, ODI, T20I 7
Ramnaresh Sarwan 34 Right-Handed Bat Right-Arm Leg Break Guyana ODI, Test 53
Wicket-keepers
Andre Fletcher 26 Right-Handed Bat Right-Arm Medium Leeward Islands ODI, T20I
Chadwick Walton 29 Right-Handed Bat n/a Combined Campuses and Colleges ODI, T20I
All-rounders
Kieron Pollard 27 Right-Handed Bat Right-Arm Medium-Fast Windward Islands ODI, T20I
Andre Russell 26 Right-Handed Bat Right-Arm Fast Jamaica ODI, T20I 12
Dwayne Smith 31 Right-Handed Bat Right-Arm Medium-Fast Barbados ODI, T20I 50
Jason Holder 22 Right-Handed Bat Right-Arm Medium-Fast Barbados ODI 98
Pace Bowlers
Tino Best 33 Right-Handed Bat Right-Arm Fast Barbados Test, ODI, T20I 36
Fidel Edwards 32 Right-Handed Bat Right-Arm Fast Barbados Test, T20I 20
Shannon Gabriel 26 Right-Handed Bat Right-Arm Fast-Medium Trinidad and Tobago Test
Ravi Rampaul 29 Left-Handed Bat Right-Arm Fast-Medium Trinidad and Tobago Test, ODI, T20I 14
Kemar Roach 26 Right-Handed Bat Right-Arm Fast Barbados Test, ODI 24
Krishmar Santokie 29 Left-Handed Bat Left-Arm Medium-Fast Jamaica T20I -
Jerome Taylor 30 Right-Handed Bat Right-Arm Fast Jamaica Test 78
Spin Bowlers
Samuel Badree 33 Right-Handed Bat Right-Arm Leg-Break Trinidad and Tobago T20I 77
Sunil Narine 26 Left-Handed Bat Right-Arm Off-Break Trinidad and Tobago Test, ODI, T20I 74
Veerasammy Permaul 25 Right-Handed Bat Slow Left-Arm Orthodox Guyana Test, ODI 94
Shane Shillingford 31 Right-Handed Bat Right-Arm Off-Break Windward Islands Test

Coaching staff[edit]

Test captains[edit]

The following men have captained the West Indian cricket team in at least one Test match:

Courtney Walsh, who captained the West Indies between 1993–94 and 1997–98.
West Indian Test match captains
Number Name Period
1 Karl Nunes 1928-1929/30
2 Teddy Hoad 1929/30
3 Nelson Betancourt 1929/30
4 Maurice Fernandes 1929/30
5 Jackie Grant1 1930/31-1934/35
6 Rolph Grant1 1939
7 George Headley 1947/48
8 Gerry Gomez 1947/48
9 John Goddard 1947/48-1951/52, 1957
10 Jeffrey Stollmeyer 1951/52-1954/55
11 Denis Atkinson 1954/55-1955/56
12 Gerry Alexander 1957/58-1959/60
13 Frank Worrell 1960/61-1963
14 Garfield Sobers 1964/65-1971/72
15 Rohan Kanhai 1972/73-1973/74
16 Clive Lloyd 1974/75-1977/78, 1979/80-1984/85
17 Alvin Kallicharran 1977/78-1978/79
18 Deryck Murray 1979/80
19 Viv Richards 1980, 1983/84-1991
20 Gordon Greenidge 1987/88
21 Desmond Haynes 1989/90-1990/91
22 Richie Richardson 1991/92-1995
23 Courtney Walsh 1993/94-1997/98
24 Brian Lara 1996/97-1999/2000, 2002/03-2004, 2006–2007
25 Jimmy Adams 1999/2000-2000/01
26 Carl Hooper 2000/01-2002/03
27 Ridley Jacobs 2002/03
28 Shivnarine Chanderpaul 2004/05-2005/06
29 Ramnaresh Sarwan 2007
30 Daren Ganga 2007
31 Chris Gayle 2007–2010
32 Dwayne Bravo 2008
33 Floyd Reifer 2009 (due to contract dispute)
34 Darren Sammy 2010–2014
35 Denesh Ramdin 2014-present

Tournament history and honours[edit]

World Cup[edit]

(This is the leading international one-day tournament, held approximately every four years since 1975.)

  • 1975: Champions
  • 1979: Champions
  • 1983: Runners up
  • 1987: First round
  • 1992: First round (6th place)
  • 1996: Semi-finals
  • 1999: First round
  • 2003: First round
  • 2007: Super-eight stage (6th place)
  • 2011: Quarter-finals

ICC World Twenty20[edit]

ICC Champions Trophy[edit]

Known as the "ICC Knockout" in 1998 and 2000.

World Championship of Cricket[edit]

1985: Third place stand

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "ICC Hall of Fame". ICC. Retrieved 23 September 2009. 
  2. ^ For the results of domestic competitions see ESPN Cricinfo or The Home of CricketArchive
  3. ^ See CricketArchive, for example, for a reference to when Test status was acquired
  4. ^ See, for example, 75 Years of West Indies Cricket 1928–2003 by Ray Goble and Keith AP Sandiford ISBN 1-870518-78-0, the WICB authorised reference book on cricket in the West Indies. For more information on the first Test played by the Windies, see West Indies Series: Test and ODI Tours. See also the scorecard of the First Test played by the West Indies.
  5. ^ "Records / West Indies / Test matches / List of match results (by year)". espncricinfo. Retrieved 26 August 2012. 
  6. ^ "Scorecard, 1st Test: West Indies v England at Bridgetown, Jan 21–26 1948". espncricinfo. Retrieved 26 August 2012. 
  7. ^ "Records / West Indies / Test matches / Best bowling figures in a match". espncricinfo. Retrieved 25 August 2012. 
  8. ^ "Jamaica: A century of sport". espncricinfo. 27 July 1999. Retrieved 25 August 2012. 
  9. ^ Until June 2001 there was no official ranking of Test nations, with the unofficial epithet of "World champions" being decided by acclaim based on recent results. Although exactly when the West Indies became and ceased to be world champions is therefore disputed – that they were world champions for a prolonged period of time is not
  10. ^ "West Indies in England, 1976". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 16 September 2012. 
  11. ^ "Records / West Indies / Test matches / Best bowling figures in a match". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 16 September 2012. 
  12. ^ Flags of the World page on the WICB flag
  13. ^ See Cricinfo for a list of Test match grounds
  14. ^ See CricketArchive for a list of stadia that have hosted home West Indian ODIs
  15. ^ CricketArchive has details of the Tests played by the West Indian women's cricket team
  16. ^ CricketArchive shows the 1973 women's World Cup table
  17. ^ CricketArchive has detailed records of the West Indies women's ODI results
  18. ^ See Wikipedia's own article on Nadine George, or Cricinfo's article on George receiving the MBE
  19. ^ Cricinfo – Taylor hat-trick sinks Australia

External links[edit]