Igor Volk

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Igor Petrovich Volk
Igor Volk 2.jpg
Igor Volk, 2.10.2008
Cosmonaut
Nationality Soviet
Born (1937-04-12) 12 April 1937 (age 77)
Zmiiv, Kharkiv Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, USSR
Other occupation Pilot
Rank Colonel, Russian Air Force
Time in space 11d 19h 14min
Selection Air Force Group 5
Missions Soyuz T-12
OK-GLI-Testpilot, Cosmonaut Igor Volk, Astronaut Thomas Reiter, US-Astronaut Charlie Duke

Igor Petrovich Volk (Russian: Игорь Петрович Волк; born April 12, 1937 in Zmiiv, Kharkiv Oblast, USSR) is a retired cosmonaut and test pilot in the Soviet Union. He is married and has two children.

Igor Volk was selected as a cosmonaut on July 30, 1980, flew as Research Cosmonaut on Soyuz T-12, the 7th expedition to Salyut 7. One goal of the mission was to test the effects of long-duration spaceflight on Volk's return flight piloting as a precursor to piloting the Space Shuttle Buran. He served as the head of the cosmonauts training for the Buran program and since the project's cancellation, as a Flight Tests Deputy at the Gromov Flight Research Institute in 1995 before retiring in 1996. He has previously served as President of the National Aero Club of Russia and Vice President of the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale. As recognition for his contributions as a test pilot and cosmonaut he was awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union on July 29, 1984.

He is also an inventor and is planning a new four-person concept flying car called the Lark-4 which takes off and lands at 45 km/h (28 mph) using a 27-meter (89 feet) runway. It consumes 11 litres (3 gallons) of fuel for every 100 km (62 mi) traveled and cruises at around 637 km/h (396 mph).

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