Inactivated vaccine

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An inactivated vaccine (or killed vaccine) consists of virus particles which are grown in culture and then killed using a method such as heat or formaldehyde.

Examples[edit]

Types include:

Inactivated vaccines are contrasted with attenuated vaccines, or "live" vaccines. Examples of "live" (i.e. attenuated) vaccines include:

Mechanism[edit]

The virus particles are destroyed and cannot replicate, but the virus capsid proteins are intact enough to be recognized by the immune system and evoke a response. When manufactured correctly, the vaccine is not infectious, but improper inactivation can result in intact and infectious particles. Because the properly produced vaccine does not reproduce, booster shots are required periodically to reinforce the immune response.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Immunization". Retrieved 2009-03-10. 
  2. ^ Levine MM, Ferreccio C, Black RE, Lagos R, San Martin O, Blackwelder WC (July 2007). "Ty21a live oral typhoid vaccine and prevention of paratyphoid fever caused by Salmonella enterica Serovar Paratyphi B". Clin. Infect. Dis. 45 Suppl 1: S24–8. doi:10.1086/518141?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%3dncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID 17582564.