Iraqi National Movement
|Politics of Iraq
The Iraqi National Movement (INM) (Arabic: الحركة الوطنية العراقية al-Haraka al-Wataniya al-Iraqiyya), more commonly known as the al-Iraqiya List, was an Iraqi political coalition formed to contest the 2010 parliamentary election by Iraqi Vice President Tariq al-Hashimi's Renewal List, the Iraqi National Accord led by former Prime Minister Iyad Allawi and the Iraqi National Dialogue Front led by Saleh al-Mutlaq. The party included both Shi'a leaders (like Allawi) and Sunni leaders (like al-Mutlaq and al-Hashimi) and claimed to be secular and non-sectarian.
In February 2010, after appeals against a ban on Iraqi National Dialogue Front leader Saleh al-Mutlaq were rejected, the Iraqi National Dialogue Front decided to boycott the elections in protest of the decision and urged other parties to boycott as well. Later, on 25 February 2010 al-Mutlaq announced that his party will take part in the upcoming general election and urged his followers to turn out en masse to avoid fraud.
With 2,849,612 votes (24.7%) and 91 seats the Iraqiya List became the biggest list in the elections, winning two seats more than Nouri al-Maliki's State of Law Coalition, which won 89 seats and 2,792,083 votes (24.2%).
2010 parliamentary election
- Iraqi National Accord – led by former Prime Minister Iyad Allawi
- Iraqi National Dialogue Front – led by Saleh al-Mutlaq but due his ban it was led in the election by his brother Ibrahim al-Mutlaq
- Renewal List – led by Vice President Tariq al-Hashimi
- Iraqi Turkmen Front – led by Sadettin Ergeç, who did not run for the elections
- al-Hadba – led by Ninawa governor Atheel al-Nujayfi but for the election, by his brother Usama al-Nujayfi
- National Movement for Development and Reform (al-Hal) – led by Jamal Al-Karboli
- The Iraqis – led by ex-President Ghazi al-Yawer
- National Future Gathering -led by Deputy Prime Minister Rafi al-Issawi
- Iraqi Arab Gathering – led by Abdul Karim Abtan al-Jubouri
- Assembly of Independent Democrats – led by Adnan Pachachi
- Numerous Independent politicians
|Governorate||Votes||Percentage||Seats Won||Total Seats|
|Iraqi National Accord||28|
|Iraqi National Dialogue Front||16|
|National Future Gathering||8|
|Iraqi Turkmen Front||3|
|Iraqi Arab Gathering||1|
Following the formation of the White Bloc, another 20 members of the Iraqi National Movement announced the formation of a new party within the list, under the name Youth of Iraq, headed by Talal Zobaie.
In April 2011 a further 5 MP's left the list in order to found the Free Iraqiya party.
The reasons for the many splits within the list were numerous, but some of the most often cited reasons were that a handful of list members had monopolised power and ignore the thousands of party members, a problem that is exacerbated by the fact that the party has no clear ideology or policies. These rifts have led to possible discussions between State of Law leader Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, and Saleh al-Mutlaq and Usama al-Nujayfi, of forming an electoral alliance for the Iraqi governorate elections, 2013, although some members of the Iraqi National Movement contend that the rumours over its internal problems are merely attempts by other parties to undermine it.
- Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights p.8
- Iraq VP forms coalition with Mutlak, Allawi, Al Sumaria, 2009-10-29
- Major Iraqi party pulls out of March elections
- No party to boycott Iraq elections
- Last minute law in Iraq
- "Eight MPs withdraw from Iraqiya, form new party". Al Sumaria. March 8, 2011.
- "MPs defect from Ayad Allawi's Iraqiya List". Al Sumaria. March 18, 2011.
- "Opposition? What opposition? The incredible shrinking Iraqiya party". Niqash. November 8, 2012.
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