Iraqi National Movement

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al-Iraqiya List
Leader Iyad Allawi
Founded October 2009 (October 2009)[1]
Dissolved December 2012
Succeeded by Muttahidoon
Al-Wataniya
Al-Arabiya Coalition
White Bloc
Ideology Iraqi nationalism
Secularism
Nonsectarianism
Liberalism
Political position Centre
Politics of Iraq
Political parties
Elections

The Iraqi National Movement (INM) (Arabic: الحركة الوطنية العراقية al-Haraka al-Wataniya al-Iraqiyya), more commonly known as the al-Iraqiya List, was an Iraqi political coalition formed to contest the 2010 parliamentary election by Iraqi Vice President Tariq al-Hashimi's Renewal List, the Iraqi National Accord led by former Prime Minister Iyad Allawi and the Iraqi National Dialogue Front led by Saleh al-Mutlaq. The party included both Shi'a leaders (like Allawi) and Sunni leaders (like al-Mutlaq and al-Hashimi) and claimed to be secular and non-sectarian.[2]

In February 2010, after appeals against a ban on Iraqi National Dialogue Front leader Saleh al-Mutlaq were rejected, the Iraqi National Dialogue Front decided to boycott the elections in protest of the decision and urged other parties to boycott as well.[3] Later, on 25 February 2010 al-Mutlaq announced that his party will take part in the upcoming general election and urged his followers to turn out en masse to avoid fraud.[4]

With 2,849,612 votes (24.7%) and 91 seats the Iraqiya List became the biggest list in the elections, winning two seats more than Nouri al-Maliki's State of Law Coalition, which won 89 seats and 2,792,083 votes (24.2%).[5]

2010 parliamentary election[edit]

In the 2010 parliamentary election the coalition consisted of the following parties:[6]

Results[edit]

Performance of the al-Iraqiya List for the 2010 Iraqi Elections, per Governorate
Governorate Votes Percentage Seats Won Total Seats
Anbar 294,420 62.3% 11 14
Babil 104,746 17.9% 3 16
Baghdad 841,755 33.1% 24 68
Basra 75,387 9.3% 3 24
Dhi Qar 43,706 7.6% 1 18
Diyala 245,025 48.7% 8 13
Karbala 36,061 10.8% 1 10
Kirkuk 211,675 38.0% 6 12
Maysan 15,913 5.8% 0 10
Muthanna 17,712 7.7% 0 7
Najaf 29,652 7.2% 0 12
Ninawa 593,936 56.3% 20 31
Qadisiyyah 55,030 14.7% 2 11
Salah ad-Din 233,591 47.8% 8 12
Wassit 51,003 13.5% 2 11
Compensatory seats 2 7
Total: 2,849,612 24.8% 91 325
Party Seats
Iraqi National Accord 28
Iraqi National Dialogue Front 16
al-Hal 13
al-Hadba 9
National Future Gathering 8
Renewal List 7
The Iraqis 6
Iraqi Turkmen Front 3
Iraqi Arab Gathering 1

Post Election[edit]

Following the election the party was beset by political infighting in the post election period, with 8 MP's leaving in early March 2011 in order to set up the White Iraqiya Bloc.[7]

Following the formation of the White Bloc, another 20 members of the Iraqi National Movement announced the formation of a new party within the list, under the name Youth of Iraq, headed by Talal Zobaie.[8]

In April 2011 a further 5 MP's left the list in order to found the Free Iraqiya party.

The reasons for the many splits within the list were numerous, but some of the most often cited reasons were that a handful of list members had monopolised power and ignore the thousands of party members, a problem that is exacerbated by the fact that the party has no clear ideology or policies. These rifts have led to possible discussions between State of Law leader Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, and Saleh al-Mutlaq and Usama al-Nujayfi, of forming an electoral alliance for the Iraqi governorate elections, 2013, although some members of the Iraqi National Movement contend that the rumours over its internal problems are merely attempts by other parties to undermine it.[9]

References[edit]

See also[edit]