Israeli new shekel
|Israeli new shekel|
|שקל חדש (Hebrew)
شيقل جديد (Arabic)
1 shekel coin
|ISO 4217 code||ILS|
|Central bank||Bank of Israel|
State of Palestine
|Inflation||2.6% (2010 est.) 3.3% (2009 est.)|
|Source||The World Factbook, 2007|
|Coins||10 agorot, ½, 1, 2, 5, 10 new shkalim|
|Banknotes||20, 50, 100, 200 new shkalim|
The Israeli new shekel (help·info) (Hebrew: שֶׁקֶל חָדָשׁ Shekel H̱adash) (sign: ₪; acronym: ש״ח and in English NIS; code: ILS) (pl. shkalim – שקלים; Arabic: شيكل جديد or شيقل جديد šēqel ǧadīd) is the currency of the State of Israel. The shekel consists of 100 agorot (אגורות) (sing. agora, אגורה). Denominations made in this currency are marked with the shekel sign, ₪. The Israeli new shekel has been in use since 1 January 1986 when it replaced the Old Israeli shekel that was in usage between 24 February 1980 and 31 December 1985, at a ratio of 1000:1. The spelling on coins and banknotes is new sheqel, pl. new sheqalim.
The Israeli lira, followed by the old shekel, experienced frequent devaluations against the US dollar and other foreign currencies starting in the early 1960s and accelerating from the mid-1970s. This trend culminated in the old shekel suffering from hyperinflation in the early 1980s. After inflation was contained as a result of the 1985 Economic Stabilization Plan, the new shekel was introduced, replacing the old shekel on 1 January 1986, at a rate of 1,000 old shkalim = 1 new shekel.
Since the economic crisis of the 1980s and introduction of the New Shekel, the Bank of Israel and the government of Israel have maintained much more careful and conservative fiscal and monetary policies along with the gradual introduction of various market-based economic reforms. In addition, the signing of free trade agreements helped the Israeli economy become more competitive, while heavy investment in its industrial and scientific base allowed the country to take advantage of opportunities associated with the rise of the global knowledge economy, thus greatly increasing exports and opening new markets for its products and services. As a result of these factors, inflation has been relatively low and the country now maintains a positive balance of payments (equivalent to about 3% of its GDP in 2010). Consequently, its currency has strengthened considerably, rising approximately 20% in value relative to the US dollar in the 2000s (decade), thereby reversing the trend of historical weakness the Israeli currency exhibited in the decades prior. In the future, the exploitation of recently discovered natural gas reserves off the Israeli coastline that is expected to begin in the mid-2010s decade and onwards may serve to further strengthen the Israeli currency.
Since 1 January 2003, the shekel has been a freely convertible currency. Since 7 May 2006, shekel derivative trading has also been available on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. This makes the shekel one of only twenty or so world currencies for which there are widely available currency futures contracts in the foreign exchange market. It is also a currency that can be exchanged by consumers in many parts of the world.
In 1985, coins in denominations of 1, 5 and 10 agorot, ½ and 1 new shekel were introduced. In 1990, 5 new shkalim coins were introduced, followed by 10 new shkalim in 1995. Production of 1 agora pieces ceased in 1990 too, and they were removed from circulation on 1 April 1991. A 2 new shkalim coin was introduced on 9 December 2007. The 5 agorot coin, last minted in 2006, was removed from circulation on 1 January 2008.
In April 2011, it was reported that new coins would be minted that would use less metal and thus lower costs. Counterfeiting would also be harder. The Bank of Israel is considering dropping the word "new" on the planned coins series. If approved, this would be the first replacement of all coins since the introduction of the new shekel coins in September 1985.
Circulation coins of the shekel are:
|Shekel coin series|
|Value||Technical parameters||Description||Date of|
|1 agora||17 mm||1.2 mm||2 g||Aluminium bronze
|Smooth||Ancient galley, the state emblem, "Israel" in Hebrew, Arabic and English||Value, date||September 4, 1985||1 April 1991|
|5 agorot||19.5 mm||1.3 mm||3 g||Smooth||Replica of a coin from the fourth year of the war of the Jews against Rome depicting a lulav between two etrogim, the state emblem, "Israel" in Hebrew, Arabic and English||January 1, 2008|
|10 agorot||22 mm||1.5 mm||4 g||Smooth||Replica of a coin issued by Antigonus II Mattathias with the seven-branched candelabrum, the state emblem, "Israel" in Hebrew, Arabic and English||Current|
|½ new shekel||26 mm||1.6 mm||6.5 g||Smooth||Lyre, the state emblem||Value, date, "Israel" in Hebrew, Arabic and English||Current|
|1 new shekel||18 mm||1.8 mm||4 g||Cupronickel
|Smooth||Lily, "Yehud" in ancient Hebrew, the state emblem||Value, date, "Israel" in Hebrew, Arabic and English||September 4, 1985||Current|
|2 new shkalim||21.6 mm||2.3 mm||5.7 g||Nickel bonded steel||Smooth with 4 regions of grooves||Two cornucopia, the state emblem||December 9, 2007||Current|
|5 new shkalim||24 mm||2.4 mm||8.2 g||Cupronickel
|12 sides||Capital of column, the state emblem||January 2, 1990||Current|
|10 new shkalim||23 mm
Core: 16 mm
|2.2 mm||7 g||Ring: Nickel bonded steel
Center: Aureate bonded bronze
|Reeded||Palm tree with seven leaves and two baskets with dates, the state emblem, the words "for the redemption of Zion" in ancient and modern Hebrew alphabet||Value, date, "Israel" in Hebrew, Arabic and English||February 7, 1995||Current|
|For table standards, see the coin specification table.|
- Note that all dates on Israeli coins are given in the Hebrew calendar and are written in Hebrew numerals.
Beginning on 4 September 1985, banknotes were introduced in denominations of 5, 10, and 50 new shkalim. The 1 new shkalim note followed on 8 May 1986, and the 20 new shkalim note issued on 12 April 1988 completed the family. The 1, 5 and 10 new shekel notes used the same basic designs as the earlier 1,000, 5,000 and 10,000 old shekel notes but with the denominations altered.
In 1986, 100 new shekel notes were introduced, followed by 200 new shekel notes in 1991. The 1, 5 and 10 new shekel notes were later replaced by coins. A plan to issue a 500 shekel banknote, carrying the portrait of Yitzhak Rabin, was announced shortly after Rabin's assassination in 1995. However, due to low inflation rates, there was no need for such a banknote, and it was never issued. However, in February 2008 the Bank of Israel announced that the planning of an entirely new series of banknotes has started, and that the new series, to be issued in 2010, will most probably include a 500 shekel banknote as well. Though still not decided officially, the new series is likely to consist of polymer notes only. In December 2009 the Bank of Israel announced a new series to be issued in 2012, which would bear the images of Theodore Herzl, David Ben-Gurion, Menachem Begin and Yitzhak Rabin. The plan to issue a 500 shekel note was officially abandoned. The announcement was publicly criticized and a few days later, the governor of the Bank of Israel announced that the issue be reconsidered.
The committee proposed that the new series would bear the portraits of prominent Hebrew poets, among them Rachel, Shaul Tchernichovsky, Leah Goldberg and Nathan Alterman. In December 2010, it was announced that the series would feature portraits of Menachem Begin, Yitzhak Rabin, Rachel and Shmuel Yosef Agnon. When Begin's family opposed the decision, the committee's original proposal was readopted.
On 14 November 2012 the Bank of Israel announced that the new series of banknotes is in the final stages of design. The first two banknotes, in denominations of NIS 50 and NIS 200, expected to be issued in the end of 2013, has been delayed and is scheduled to be released in the second half of 2014. The other two denominations, NIS 20 and NIS 100, are expected to be issued in the beginning of 2014.
Notes currently in circulation are:
|Second Series of the New shekel|
|20 New Sheqalim||71x 138 mm||Green||Moshe Sharett||Jewish volunteers in World War II; a watchtower, commemorating tower and stockade settlements|
|50 New Sheqalim||Purple||Shmuel Yosef Agnon||Agnon's notebook, pen and glasses, Jerusalem and the Temple Mount|
|100 New Sheqalim||Brown||Yitzhak Ben-Zvi||Peki'in Synagogue|
|200 New Sheqalim||Red||Zalman Shazar||a street in Safed and text from Shazar's essay about Safed|
The 20 shekel banknote is the first, as of April 2008, to be made of polypropylene, a polymer substrate, which is superior to the current paper note with a circulation life of a few months only. The polymer note is printed by Orell Fuessli Security Printing of Zürich, Switzerland. 1.8 million of the new banknotes were printed with the writing "60 years [anniversary] of the State of Israel" (in Hebrew), in red ink.
|Third Series of the New shekel|
|20 New Shekels||129 x 71mm||Red||Rachel Bluwstein|
|50 New Shekels||136 x 71mm||Green||Shaul Tchernichovsky; the poem Oh, My Land, My Homeland in microprinting; Citrus tree and its fruits in the background||Capital of a Corinthian Column; Segment from the poem I Believe|
|100 New Shekels||143 x 71mm||Orange||Leah Goldberg|
|200 New Shekels||150 x 71mm||Blue||Nathan Alterman; the poem Eternal Meeting in microprinting; Fall leaves in the background||Moonlit flora; Segment from the poem Morning Song|
Back of the two 20 shekel note, left one is paper and the right one is made of polypropylene.
The additional red text on the polypropylene note reads "60 Years to the State of Israel". It was only featured in a limited run, close to the mentioned celebration, it is not present on a majority of notes.
In Hebrew the new shekel is usually abbreviated ש"ח (pronounced shaẖ). The symbol for the new shekel, ₪, is a combination of the first Hebrew letters of the words shekel (ש) and ẖadash (ח). According to the standard Hebrew keyboard (SI 1452) it must be typed as AltGr-A (the letter ש appears on the same key in regular Hebrew mode). However, in Windows XP it can be typed on the default Hebrew keyboard by pressing AltGr-4 (while Shift-4 produces the dollar sign), however the sign does not appear on the physical keys of most keyboards that are used in Israel and is rare in day-to-day typing. In Arabic, the currency is usually denoted by the abbreviation ش.ج which is the initials of šikel jadīd, the currency's name in Arabic.
|Current ILS exchange rates|
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- According to Article 4 of the 1994 Paris Protocol The Protocol allows the Palestinian Authority to adopt additional currencies. In West Bank the Jordanian dinar is widely accepted and in Gaza Strip the Egyptian pound is often used.
- Chicago Mercantile Exchange Press Release (April 6, 2006). "CME to Launch Foreign Exchange Contract on Israeli Sheqel".
- Israelis can soon travel the world with shekels in their pockets Haaretz
- shekel begins trading on global markets Jerusalem Post
- CLS Press Release (May 26, 2008). "CLS Bank live with Israeli shekel and Mexican Peso".
- "About the Agora and New Sheqel Series". Banknotes and Coins Catalog. Bank of Israel. Retrieved December 26, 2007.
- "5 NEW SHEQALIM". Banknotes and Coins Catalog. The Bank of Israel. Retrieved December 26, 2007.
- "10 NEW SHEQALIM". Banknotes and Coins Catalog. The Bank of Israel. Retrieved December 26, 2007.
- "Press Release:The new NIS 2 coin". The Bank of Israel. July 8, 2007. Retrieved December 26, 2007.
- "Abolishment of the 5 agorot coin." (in Hebrew). The Bank of Israel. January 1, 2008. Retrieved January 1, 2008.
- Tomer Avital's report in Calcalist, 21 April 2011 (Hebrew)
- Gad Lior's report in Ynet, 21 April 2011
- Note that nickel-clad steel 1 new shkalim coins were issued in 1994 and 1995
- Linzmayer, Owen (2012). "Israel". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA: www.BanknoteNews.com.
- "The 500 NIS banknote that was never released (Obverse)".
- Motti Basok's report in Haaretz, 17 December 2009 (Hebrew); Keren Marziano's report, Channel Two News, 16 December 2009 (Hebrew)
- Press release, Bank of Israel, 23 December 2009
- Press release, Bank of Israel, 19 Dec, 2009
- Press release, Bank of Israel, 10 March 2011
- Press release, Bank of Israel: Information on the new series of banknotes 14 November 2012
- Press release by the Bank of Israel: Images and descriptions on the new series of Israeli new shekel banknotes Bank of Israel (www.bankisrael.gov.il). April 28, 2013. Retrieved on 2013-05-01.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Israeli new sheqel.|
- Bank of Israel catalogue of Israeli currency since 1948
- Exchange rates since 1948
- American Israel Numismatic Association
- Current Shekel Dollar Rate
- Shaar yatzig – Official Rate gadget