Currency symbol

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For the ¤ currency symbol, see Currency sign (typography).
Not to be confused with currency code (the three-letter ISO 4217 abbreviation).

A currency symbol is a graphic symbol used as a shorthand for a currency's name, especially in reference to amounts of money. They typically employ the first letter or character of the currency, sometimes with minor changes such as ligatures or overlaid vertical or horizontal bars. Today, ISO 4217 codes are used instead of currency symbols for most official purposes,[citation needed] though currency symbols may be in common use in many other contexts. Few currencies in the world have no shorthand symbol at all.

Although many former currency symbols were rendered obsolete by the adoption of the euro, having a new and unique currency symbol – implementation of which requires the adoption of new Unicode and type formats – has now become a status symbol for international currencies. The European Commission considers the global recognition of the euro sign € part of its success. In 2009, India launched a public competition to replace the ₨ ligature it shared with neighboring countries.[1] It finalized its new currency symbol, (INR) on 15 July 2010. It is a blend of the Latin letter 'R' with the Devanagari letter "" (ra).

Usage[edit]

When writing currency amounts the location of the symbol varies by currency. Many currencies, especially in the English-speaking world and Latin America, place it before the amount (e.g., R$50,00); many others place it after the amount (e.g., 50.00 SFr); and the Cape Verdean escudo places its symbol in the decimal position (i.e., 20$00).[2]

The decimal separator also follows local countries' standards. For instance, the United Kingdom often uses an interpunct as the decimal point on price stickers (e.g., £5·52), although not in print. Commas (e.g. €5,00) or decimal points (e.g. $50.00) are common separators used in other countries. See decimal separator for information on international standards.

Design[edit]

Official dimensions of the euro sign
Dimensions of the symbol in a selection of type faces

Older currency symbols have evolved slowly, often from previous currencies. The dollar and peso symbols originated from the mark employed to denote the Spanish real de a ocho, whereas the pound and lira symbols evolved from an L standing for libra, a Roman pound of silver. Newly invented currencies and currencies adopting new symbols have symbolism closer to their adopter. The added center bar in the real sign is meant to symbolize stability.[3] The new Indian rupee symbol, INR, is a stylized combination of Latin and Devanagari letters.

There are also other considerations, such as the perception of the business community[citation needed] and how the symbol is rendered on computers. For a new symbol to be used, software to render it needs to be promulgated and keyboards need to be altered or shortcuts added to type the icon. The EU was criticized for not considering how the euro symbol would need to be customized to work in different fonts.[1] The original design was also exceptionally wide. These two factors have led to most typefaces employing customized, font-specific versions, usually with reduced width.

List of presently-circulating currency symbols[edit]

Symbol Uses Notes
¤¤ ZzzGeneric currency sign Used when the correct symbol is not available
Afg؋ AfghaniAfghan afghani
ArAr AriaryMalagasy ariary[4]
B฿ BahtThai baht, BitcoinBitcoin
BitcoinSign.svg BitcoinBitcoin
BZB/. BalboaPanamanian balboa
BrBr BirrEthiopian birr

Belarusian ruble
BsBs. BolivianoVenezuelan bolívar

Bolivian boliviano
Bolívar sometimes Bs.F.
BsFBs.F. BolivarVenezuelan bolívar variant Usually Bs.
C1GH₵ CediGhana cedi
c1¢ cent1cent, centavo, &c. A centesimal subdivision of currencies such as the US dollar, the Canadian dollar, and the Mexican peso. (See article.)

See also c
c2c cent2cent &c. variant Preferred by currencies such as the Australian, New Zealand, South African cents; the West African CFA centime; and the divisions of the euro.

See also ¢
ctct centasLithuanian centas A centesimal division of the litas
chCh. chhertumBhutanese chhertum A centesimal division of the ngultrum.
C2 ColonSalvadoran colón; symbol is also used for the Costa Rican colón. The Salvadoran colón was discontinued in 2001 and it was replaced by the US dollar.
D1D DalasiGambian dalasi
Denден DenarMacedonian denar Latin form: DEN
DAدج DinarAAlgerian dinar Latin form: DA
DB.د.ب DinarBBahraini dinar Latin form: BD
IDد.ع DinarIIraqi dinar
JDJD DinarJJordanian dinar
DKد.ك DinarKKuwaiti dinar Latin form: K.D.
LDل.د DinarLLibyan dinar Latin form: LD
Dinдин DinarSSerbian dinar Latin form: din.
DTد.ت DinarTTunisian dinar Latin form: DT
DMد.م. DirhamMMoroccan dirham Latin forms: DH or Dhs
DHد.إ DirhamUUnited Arab Emirates dirham Latin forms: DH or Dhs
DOGEÐ DOGEDogecoin The "kÐ" symbol is commonly used to represent 1,000 Dogecoin
DbDb DobraSão Tomé and Príncipe dobra
S1$ United States (US$), DollarAustralian (A$), Bahamian (B$), Barbadian (Bds$), Belizean (BZ$), Bermudian (BD$), Brunei (B$), Canadian (CA$), Cayman Islands (CI$), East Caribbean (EC$), Fiji (FJ$), Guyanese (G$),[5] Hong Kong (HK$/元/圓), Jamaican (J$), Kiribati, Liberian (L$ or LD$), Namibian (N$), New Zealand (NZ$), Singaporean (S$), Soloman Islands (SI$), Surinamese (SRD), Taiwanese (NT$/元/圓), Trinidad and Tobago (TT$), Tuvaluan, and Zimbabwean (Z$) dollars

Argentine, Chilean (CLP$), Colombian (COL$), Cuban ($MN), Cuban convertible (CUC$), Dominican (RD$), Mexican (Mex$), and Uruguayan ($U) pesos

Nicaraguan córdoba (C$)

Brazilian real (R$)

Tongan paʻanga
May appear with either one or two bars (Double-barred dollar sign.svg), both of which currently share the same Unicode space.

Kiribati and Tuvalu's dollars are pegged 1:1 with the Australian dollar.

Brunei's dollar is pegged 1:1 with the Singaporean dollar.

See also MOP$ and WS$
Unicode: See $ for variants.
D2 DongVietnamese đồng
D3Armenian dram sign.svg DramArmenian dram Unicode : ֏
EscEsc EscudoCape Verdean escudo Also the double-barred dollar sign (cifrão): Double-barred dollar sign.svg
E EuroEuropean euro In addition to the members of the eurozone, the Vatican, San Marino, and Monaco have been granted issuing rights for coinage but not banknotes.
Fƒ FlorinAruban florin (Afl.)[6]

Netherlands Antillean guilder (NAƒ)
FtFt ForintHungarian forint
FBuFBu Franc BBurundian franc
FCFAFCFA Franc CaCentral African CFA franc Also CFA[7]

Pegged 1:1 with West African CFA franc
FrFr Franc CoComorian (CF), Congolese (CF, FC), Djiboutian (Fdj/DF), Guinean (FG/GFr) and Swiss (SFr) francs Also F. The character ₣, representing an F with a double bar, proposed as a symbol for the French Franc by Édouard Balladur in 1988 was never adopted, it is represented by a ligature Fr in some fonts.
FRwFRw Franc RRwandan franc[8] Possibly also RF[9] and RFr[10]
CFACFA Franc WaWest African CFA franc Pegged 1:1 with Central African CFA franc
GG GourdeHaitian gourde
grgr groszPolish grosz A centesimal division of the złoty
G/ GuaraniParaguayan guaraní Or Parag-guarani-G.svg
hh halerCzech haléř A centesimal division of the koruna
He HryvniaUkrainian hryvnia
K- KipLao kip Or ₭N
Kc KorunaCzech koruna
Krkr KroneDanish (Dkr) and Norwegian krones

Swedish krona

Faroese and Icelandic (Íkr) króna
Faroese króna pegged 1:1 with Danish krone.
Knkn KunaCroatian kuna
MKMK Kwacha MMalawian kwacha
ZKZK Kwacha ZZambian kwacha
KzKz KwanzaAngolan kwanza
KK KyatMyanma kyat

Papua New Guinean kina
Las LariGeorgian lari
LL LekAlbanian lek

Honduran lempira
Also used as the currency symbol for the Lesotho one-loti and the Swazi one-lilangeni note

Also uncommonly used for the pound sign £
LeLe LeoneSierra Leonean leone
EE LilangeniSwazi lilangeni Symbol based on the plural form "emalangeni".

The one-lilageni note employs the currency symbol
L
lplp LipaCroatian lipa A centesimal division of the kuna.
TLTurkish lira symbol black.svg LiraTurkish lira Unicode: U+20BA turkish lira sign
LtLt LitasLithuanian litas
LitecoinŁ LitecoinLitecoin
M1M LotiLesotho loti Symbol based on plural form "maloti".

The one-loti note employs the currency symbol
L
M2Azeri manat symbol.svg ManatAzerbaijani manat Also m. and man. Unicode: U+20BC manat sign (may display incorrectly)
KMКМ MarkBosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark Latin form: KM
MTMT MeticalMozambican metical[11] Also MTn
m/ millMill, mil, &.c An uncommon millesimal subdivision of US dollars and other currencies. (See article.)
NfkNfk NakfaEritrean nakfa Also Nfa[7]
N NairaNigerian naira
NuNu. NgultrumBhutanese ngultrum
UMUM OuguiyaMauritanian ouguiya[12]
MOPSMOP$ PatacaMacanese pataca Alsoand
P2 PesoPhilippine peso Also P, PhP, and P
ptPt. piastreEgyptian piastre A centesimal division of the Egyptian pound.
L-£ Pound BBritish, Falkland Islands (FK£), Gibraltar, Manx (M£), St. Helena Alsoand L, all pegged 1:1 to GBP
GMج.م. Pound EEgyptian pound Latin: L.E. Rarely £E or
LLLL Pound LLebanese pound
LSLS Pound SSyrian pound
P1P PulaBotswana pula
QQ QuetzalGuatemalan quetzal
qq qindarkeAlbanian qindarkë A centesimal division of the lek.
R1R RandSouth African rand Also sometimes Russian &c. rubles
RSR$ RealBrazilian real Also the double-barred dollar sign: Double-barred dollar sign.svg
Rialريال Rial IIranian rial Script for "rial", a currency name also used by other nations.
ROر.ع. Rial OOmani rial
RKر.ق Rial QQatari riyal Latin: QR
RSر.س Riyal SSaudi riyal Latin: SR. Also: ریال
Riel RielCambodian riel
RMRM RinggitMalaysian ringgit
R2p British &c. pennies The penny is now a centesimal division of the pound.
Pridnestrovie ruble sign.svg Ruble TPridnestrovie ruble
R3Ruble sign.svg Ruble RRussian ruble Unicode: U+20BD ruble sign
RfRf. RufiyaaMaldivian rufiyaa Also MRf., MVR and
R4 Rupee IIndian rupee Previously ₨ or Re (before July 15, 2010)
Rs Rupee PMauritian,[13] Nepalese[14] (N₨/रू.) and Sri Lankan (SLRs/රු) rupees
Rs (PKR) Pakistani Rupee
SReSRe Rupee SSeychellois rupee[15] Also SR
RpRp RupiahIndonesian rupiah
Sh ShekelIsraeli new shekel
KshKsh Shilling KKenyan shilling Also KSh
ShsoSh.So. Shilling SSomali shilling[16]
UshUSh Shilling UUgandan shilling
SS/. SolPeruvian nuevo sol
SDRSDR SpecialSpecial drawing rights
Lvлв LevBulgarian lev
somсом somKyrgyzstani som
Tk TakaBangladeshi Taka Also Tk
WSSWS$ TalaSamoan tālā Symbol based on previous name "West Samoan tala".

Also
T and ST.

See also $
TKazakhstani tenge symbol.svg TengeKazakhstani tenge Unicode:
T// TogrogMongolian tögrög
VtVT VatuVanuatu vatu[17]
W WonNorth Korean and South Korean won Unicode: U+20A9 won sign, U+FFE6 fullwidth won sign; see also
Y¥ YuanJapanese yen (円/圓)

Chinese Renminbi yuan (元/圆)
Used with one and two crossbars.
元 is also used in reference to the Macanese pataca and Hong Kong and Taiwanese dollars.
Unicode: U+00A5 ¥ yen sign, U+FFE5 fullwidth yen sign
Zl ZlotyPolish złoty

Rupee symbols[edit]

Rupee Sign in other languages
Language Sign in Unicode
Sinhala රු SINHALA RUPEE SIGN
Bengali U+09F2 bengali rupee mark (HTML: ৲)

U+09F3 bengali rupee sign (HTML: ৳)

Gujarati U+0AF1 gujarati rupee sign (HTML: ૱)
Kannada U+0CB0 kannada rupee sign (HTML: ರ)
Tamil U+0BF9 tamil rupee sign (HTML: ௹)
North Indic U+A838 north indic rupee mark (HTML: ꠸)

List of historic currency symbols[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Westcott, K. (2009) India seeks rupee status symbol, BBC 10 March 2009, accessed 1 September 2009
  2. ^ (Portuguese) Banco de Cabo Verde. "Moedas." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  3. ^ "The real. rs money." (PDF). ECB. p. 3. Retrieved 2011-05-21. 
  4. ^ Banky Foiben'i Madagasikara. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  5. ^ Bank of Guyana. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  6. ^ Centrale Bank van Aruba. About Us – A Brief History of the Bank." Accessed 23 Feb 2011.
  7. ^ a b Forexforums.com. "Currency symbol finder." Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  8. ^ National Bank of Rwanda. "Legal tender." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  9. ^ University of British Columbia: Saunders School of Business. "Currencies of the World." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  10. ^ Lonely Planet. "Rwanda." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  11. ^ Banco de Moçambique. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  12. ^ Banque Centrale de Mauritanie. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  13. ^ Bank of Mauritius. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  14. ^ Nepal Rastra Bank. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  15. ^ Central Bank of Seychelles. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  16. ^ Central Bank of Somalia. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  17. ^ The Reserve Bank of Vanuatu. "Current Banknotes and Coins in Circulation." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.