12 August 1866|
|Died||14 July 1954
|Notable award(s)||Nobel Prize in Literature
Jacinto Benavente y Martínez (12 August 1866 – 14 July 1954) was one of the foremost Spanish dramatists of the 20th century. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1922 "for the happy manner in which he has continued the illustrious traditions of the Spanish drama".
Born in Madrid, the son of a celebrated pediatrician, he returned drama to reality by way of social criticism: declamatory verse giving way to prose, melodrama to comedy, formula to experience, impulsive action to dialogue and the play of minds. Benavente showed a preoccupation with aesthetics and later with ethics.
A liberal monarchist and a critic of Socialism, he was a reluctant supporter of the Franco regime as the only viable alternative to what he considered the disastrous republican experiment of 1931–1936. Benavente died in Aldeaencabo de Escalona (Toledo) at the age of 87. He never married. According to many sources, he was homosexual.
Jacinto Benavente wrote 172 works. The most important works are:
- La noche del sábado (1903), Imperia is a ballerina and later prostitute who falls in love with Prince Miguel, who will take the throne of Swabia.
- Los intereses creados (1907), a comedy involving situations similar to those found in the Commedia dell'arte; it is Benavente's most famous and often performed work. It has been translated as The Bonds of Interest.
- Rosas de otoño (1905), a sentimental comedy.
- Señora ama (1908), penetrating psychological study of a woman jealous of her husband.
- La malquerida (1913), a drama; the basis for the 1921 film The Passion Flower, starring Norma Talmadge.
- La ciudad alegre y confiada (1916), continuation from Los intereses creados.
- Campo de armiño (1916)
- Lecciones de buen amor (1924)
- La mariposa que voló sobre el mar (1926)
- Pepa Doncel (1928)
- Vidas cruzadas (1929)
- Aves y pájaros (1940)
- La honradez de la cerradura (1942)
- La infanzona (1945)
- Titania (1946)
- La infanzona (1947)
- Abdicación (1948)
- Ha llegado Don Juan (1952)
- El alfiler en la boca (1954)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jacinto Benavente.|
- Works by Benavente at Project Gutenberg
- Works by Jacinto Benavente
- Biography and bibliography at the Books and Writers website
- Biography at the Nobel Prize official website
- Biography and bibliography at Noble-Winners.com (unofficial) website
- Brief article in the Columbia Encyclopedia Online
- Encyclopedia of World Biography article, reproduced at BookRags.com