Japanese cruiser Haguro

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Japanese cruiser Haguro
Career IJN Ensign
Name: Haguro
Namesake: Mount Haguro
Ordered: 1924
Builder: Mitsubishi shipyard, Nagasaki
Laid down: 16 March 1925
Launched: 24 March 1928
Commissioned: 25 April 1929
Struck: 20 June 1945
Fate: Sunk in the Strait of Malacca by gunfire and torpedoes, 16 May 1945
General characteristics
Class & type: Myōkō-class cruiser
Displacement: 13,300 long tons (13,500 t)
Length: 201.7 m (661 ft 9 in)
Beam: 20.73 m (68 ft 0 in)
Draft: 6.32 m (20 ft 9 in)
Installed power: 130,000 shp (97,000 kW)
Propulsion: 4 × geared turbines
12 × boilers
4 × shafts
Speed: 36 kn (41 mph; 67 km/h)
Range: 8,000 nmi (15,000 km) at 14 kn (16 mph; 26 km/h)
Complement: 773
Armament: As completed:
• 10 × 200 mm (7.9 in) guns (5x2)
• 6 × 120 mm (4.7 in) guns (to 1934)
• 2 × 7.7 mm (0.30 in) machine guns
• 12 × 610 mm (24 in) torpedo tubes (4x3)

After first reconstruction:
• 10 × 203 mm (8.0 in) guns (5x2)
• 8 × 127 mm (5.0 in) guns (4x2; from 1935)
• 8 × 13 mm (0.51 in) machine guns (2x4)
• 2 × 7.7 mm (0.30 in) machine guns
• 8 × 610 mm (24 in) torpedo tubes (2x4)[1]
Armor: •Main belt: 100 mm (3.9 in)
• Main deck: 37 mm (1.5 in)
• Turrets: 25 mm (0.98 in)
• Barbettes: 75 mm (3.0 in)
Aircraft carried: 2 × floatplanes
Aviation facilities: 1 × catapult
Service record
Part of: Empire of Japan Imperial Japanese Navy
Operations:

Pacific War

Haguro (羽黒) was the last of the four-member Myōkō class of heavy cruiser of the Imperial Japanese Navy. She was named after Mount Haguro in Yamagata Prefecture. The other ships of her class were Myōkō (妙高), Nachi (那智), and Ashigara (足柄).

The ships of this class displaced 13,300 tons, were 201 m (661 ft) long, and were capable of 36 kt (67 km/h). They carried two aircraft and their main armament was ten 203 mm (8 in) guns in five twin turrets. At the time they were built, this was the heaviest armament of any cruiser class in the world.

Service history[edit]

Haguro was laid down at the Mitsubishi shipyard in Nagasaki on 16 March 1925, launched and named on 24 March 1928, and was commissioned into the Imperial Navy on 25 April 1929. Her service in World War II started in the Dutch East Indies, where she engaged the enemy off Makassar on 8 February 1942.

Haguro played a key role in the Battle of the Java Sea on 27 February 1942, and was involved in the sinking of HMS Exeter and the Dutch flag ship Hr Ms De Ruyter, and of HMS Encounter in another action off south Borneo on 1 March 1942.

On 7 May 1942, she participated in the battle of the Coral Sea, moving on to the Solomon Islands where she took part in the battle of the Eastern Solomons on 24 August 1942, the evacuation from Guadalcanal at the end of January 1943, and took light damage in the battle of Empress Augusta Bay on 2 November 1943. On 19 June 1944, she survived the battle of the Philippine Sea, and from 23–25 October 1944 she took light damage in the battle of Leyte Gulf.

Fate[edit]

Further information: Battle of the Malacca Strait

In May 1945, Haguro was the target of the British "Operation Dukedom" and was ambushed. The 26th Destroyer Flotilla found her with the destroyer Kamikaze just after midnight on 16 May 1945, and began the attack. During the battle, Kamikaze was lightly damaged, but Haguro was hit by gunfire and three Mark IX Torpedoes. She soon began to slow down and took a 30-degrees list to port.

At 02:32, Haguro began to go down stern first in the Malacca Strait, 55 mi (48 nmi; 89 km) off Penang; Kamikaze rescued 320 survivors, but 900 men, including Vice Admiral Hashimoto and Rear Admiral Sugiura, perished with her.[2] Rear Admiral Sugiura was later promoted to Vice Admiral posthumously on May 16. The Haguro was the last major Japanese warship to be sunk during the war.[3] Haguro was stricken from the navy list on June 20, 1945. The wreck was discovered in 2003, showing significant superstructure damage from her last and earlier battles.

Haguro under attack at Rabaul on November 2, 1943, showing damage received in the battle of Empress Augusta Bay that morning.
USAAF gun camera footage of the Haguro under attack at Rabaul

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lacroix, Japanese Cruisers, p. 808-811.
  2. ^ Expedition 'Operation Dukedom' [1] An expedition report - of a 2010 diver survey of the wreck of HIJMS Haguro - on The Explorers Club web site
  • ^ Jackson, Ashley (2006). The British Empire and the Second World War. London: Hambledon Continuum. p. 302. ISBN 1-85285-417-0. 

References[edit]

Books[edit]

  • Winton, John (1979). Sink the Haguro!. Seeley, Service & Co. ISBN 0-330-28139-9. 
  • Cox, Robert Jon (2010). The Battle Off Samar: Taffy III at Leyte Gulf (5th Edition). Agogeebic Press, LLC. ISBN 0-9822390-4-1. 
  • D'Albas, Andrieu (1965). Death of a Navy: Japanese Naval Action in World War II. Devin-Adair Pub. ISBN 0-8159-5302-X. 
  • Dull, Paul S. (1978). A Battle History of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1941-1945. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-097-1. 
  • Lacroix, Eric; Linton Wells (1997). Japanese Cruisers of the Pacific War. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-311-3. 

External reference links[edit]

External links[edit]